Spectrolite

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Spectrolite from Oslo museum
Polished spectrolite showing the color play

Spectrolite is a less common variety of labradorite feldspar.

Spectrolite exhibits a richer range of colours than labradorite (that shows only tones of blue-grey-green) and high labradoresence.[1][2] Spectrolite was initially a brand name for material mined in Finland, but is sometimes incorrectly used to describe labradorite whenever a richer display of colours is present, regardless of locality: for example, labradorite with the spectrolite play of colors has also reported from Madagascar.[1] The difference between Finnish Spectrolite and other labradorites is that Finnish Spectrolite`s crystals have considerably stronger colourfulness than other labradorites caused by the black basic color of Spectrolite feldspar; the other labradorites have mostly the transparent base color. Spectrolite is often cut as a lapidary cabochon, similar to plain labradorite, to enhance the effect and is used as a gemstone.

Finland deposit[edit]

Finnish geologist Aarne Laitakari (1890—1975) had described the peculiar stone and sought its origin for years when his son Pekka discovered a deposit at Ylämaa in south-eastern Finland while building the Salpa Line fortifications there in 1940. The Finnish stone exhibits a uniquely vivid iridescence and a full spectrum of colors, hence the name "spectrolite" was coined by the elder Laitakari. The name spectrolite is sometimes incorrectly applied to any labradorite of similar colours.

The quarrying of spectrolite began after the Second World War and has become a significant local industry. In 1973 the first workshop in Ylämaa began cutting and polishing spectrolite for jewels.

References[edit]

Seppo Lahti I.1989 The origin of interference colours in spectrolite (iridescent labradorite).Geologi 41.

  1. ^ a b Michael O'Donoghue, Gems, Butterworth-Heinemann, 6th ed., 2006, pp. 238-267, ISBN 0-7506-5856-8
  2. ^ Walter Schumann, Gemstones of the World, Sterling, 3rd ed., 2007, pp. 52 - 53, 182 ISBN 1-4027-4016-6