Spectrum HoloByte

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Spectrum HoloByte
Former type Public (Defunct)
Industry Video game industry
Fate Acquired by Hasbro Interactive
Successors Hasbro Interactive
Founded 1983
Defunct 1998
Headquarters Alameda, California
Key people Gilman Louie
Products video games

Spectrum HoloByte, Inc. was a video game developer and publisher. The company, founded in 1983, was most famous for its simulation games, notably the Falcon series of flight simulators and Vette! (1989) driving simulator. Spectrum HoloByte was founded in Boulder, Colorado but subsequently moved to Alameda, California.[citation needed]

Spectrum HoloByte published games for many platforms, including home computers of the 1980s and early 1990s, IBM PC compatibles, and some video game consoles.[citation needed]

The company published Solitaire Royale (1987), the first computer card solitaire program. They were the first to bring Tetris to gamers outside the Soviet Union and Sokoban to gamers outside Japan. It was also the distributor for Domark games before Domark set up its own US operations in San Mateo, California.[citation needed]

In 1992 Spectrum HoloByte received an investment from Kleiner Perkins, which let the company repurchase shares formerly owned by Robert Maxwell's companies, ending its ties to their bankruptcies.[1] In December 1993, Spectrum HoloByte merged with MicroProse to form MicroProse Inc.[2] For the following years, games from both companies were published under their respective brands, but in 1996 all titles were consolidated under the MicroProse brand.[citation needed]

Hasbro Interactive acquired the merged company in 1998, and what had been Spectrum HoloByte ceased to exist when the development studio in Alameda was closed in 1999.[3] Hasbro subsequently[when?] sold all the assets of the various Hasbro Interactive studios to Infogrames, now Atari.[citation needed]

The chairman of Spectrum HoloByte, Gilman Louie, also founded Nexa Corporation, a developer of entertainment software, which went on to merge with Spectrum HoloByte prior to the company's move from Colorado to California.

Games[edit]

Title Release Platforms Description/Genre
Absolute Zero 1995 DOS Action
Macintosh
BreakThru! 1994 Game Boy Puzzle
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Sega Saturn
ClockWerx 1995 Macintosh Strategy
1994 Windows
Crisis in the Kremlin 1991 DOS Strategy
Curse of Dragor 1995 Macintosh Role-playing video game
Dondra: A New Beginning 1987 Apple II Adventure
Faces 1990 Amiga Strategy
DOS
Macintosh
Falcon 1987 Amiga Combat flight simulator
Atari ST
CDTV
DOS
Macintosh
Falcon 3.0 1991 DOS Combat flight simulator
Falcon 3.0: Operation: Fighting Tiger 1992 DOS Combat flight simulator
Falcon A.T. 1988 DOS Combat flight simulator
Falcon Gold 1994 DOS Combat flight simulator
Falcon Operation: Counterstrike 1989 Amiga Combat flight simulator
Atari ST
Falcon Operation: Firefight 1990 Amiga Combat flight simulator
Atari ST
Fields of Glory 1994 DOS Strategy
Flight of the Intruder 1990 Amiga Combat flight simulator
Atari ST
DOS
Formula One 1994 DOS Racing
GATO 1984 Apple II Submarine simulator
Atari ST
Atari XE
DOS
Macintosh
Gazillionaire 1994 Microsoft Windows Financial simulator
Hornet: Naval Strike Fighter 1993 DOS Combat flight simulator
Intrigue! 1986 Apple II Adventure
Commodore 64
Iron Helix 1993 Macintosh Adventure, Survival horror
SEGA CD
Windows
Knight Moves 1995 Windows Puzzle
Lords of Midnight 1995 DOS Adventure, role-playing, strategy
Lunar Explorer: A Space Flight Simulator 1986 DOS Action, simulation
MiG-29: Deadly Adversary of Falcon 3.0 1993 DOS Combat flight simulator
National Lampoon's Chess Maniac 5 Billion and 1 1993 DOS Strategy
Orbiter 1985 Atari ST Educational, simulation
DOS
Macintosh
Out of the Sun 1994 Macintosh Simulation
Perfect Partner Bridge 1995 Macintosh Card game
Windows
PT-109 1987 Macintosh Naval simulation
DOS
Qwirks 1995 Macintosh Strategy
Windows
Reflux: Issue.01 - "The Becoming" 1995 Macintosh Adventure
Reflux: Issue.02 - "The Threshold" 1995 Windows Adventure game
Soko-Ban 1984 Apple II Strategy
Commodore 64
DOS
Soldiers of Fortune 1993 Sega Genesis Action
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Solitaire Royale 1987 Amiga Card game
Apple IIGS
DOS
Macintosh
Star Trek: The Next Generation – A Final Unity 1995 DOS Adventure, Strategy
Macintosh
Star Trek: The Next Generation - Futures Past 1994 Game Gear Adventure
Sega Genesis
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Stunt Driver 1990 DOS Racing
Super Tetris 1991 Amiga Puzzle
DOS
Macintosh
Windows
Tank: The M1A1 Abrams Battle Tank Simulation 1989 DOS Vehicular combat
Tetris 1987 Amiga Puzzle
Apple II
Apple IIGS
Atari ST
DOS
Macintosh
ZX Spectrum
Tetris Classic 1992 DOS Puzzle
Windows
Tetris Gold 1993 DOS Puzzle
Macintosh
Windows
Tetris Trio 1992 DOS Puzzle
TinHead 1994 Sega Genesis Action
Top Gun: Fire at Will! 1996 DOS Combat flight simulator
Macintosh
PlayStation
Windows
Tornado 1993 DOS Combat flight simulator
Vette! 1989 DOS Racing game
Macintosh
Welltris 1989 DOS Strategy
Macintosh
WildSnake 1994 Game Boy Strategy
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Wordtris 1992 DOS Strategy
Game Boy
Macintosh
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Zig-Zag 1987 Commodore 64 Action

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spectrum HoloByte Buy-Back Launches Next Generation". Computer Gaming World. 1992-12. p. 116. Retrieved 5 July 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ "Spectrum + MicroProse = MicroProse Inc.". GamePro (56) (IDG). March 1994. p. 186. 
  3. ^ Freudenheim, Milt (8 December 1999). "Hasbro to Cut 20% of Its Jobs and Take $97 Million Charge". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links[edit]