|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
|Developer(s)||Interactive Data Visualization, Inc. (IDV)|
|Stable release||SpeedTree for Games v6.3 (March 20, 2013)
SpeedTree Cinema v7, SpeedTree Studio v7 and SpeedTree Architect 7 (November 13, 2013)
|Operating system||Windows, Xbox One, Xbox 360, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Mac OS X, Linux|
|Type||Game Middleware and Animation|
|Website||SpeedTree Official Website|
SpeedTree is a group of vegetation programming and modeling software products developed and sold by Interactive Data Visualization, Inc. (IDV) that generates virtual foliage for animations, architecture and in real time for video games and demanding real time simulations.
SpeedTree has been used in more than 30 major films since its release in 2009, including Iron Man 3, Star Trek Into Darkness, Life of Pi and was used to generate the lush vegetation of Pandora, in Avatar.
SpeedTree was conceptualized at IDV in circa 2000, and originated due to their lack of satisfaction with 3rd-party tree-generation software on the market.
The initial version of SpeedTreeCAD (CAD standing for "computer-aided design") was developed by IDV for a real-time golf simulation. Although backers pulled out of the golf project, IDV refined the CAD software as a 3D Studio Max plug-in for an animated architectural rendering, dubbing it SpeedTreeMAX.
SpeedTreeMAX was released in December 2002, and the same month IDV released SpeedTreeRT, a real-time foliage/tree middleware SDK, which allowed automatic levels of foliage detail, real-time wind effects, and multiple lighting options.
IDV eventually released plug-ins for Maya as well, appropriately named SpeedTreeMAYA. In early 2009, IDV discontinued the SpeedTreeMAX and SpeedTreeMAYA plugins, replacing them with SpeedTree Modeler and Compiler products.
IDV released SpeedTree 5 in July 2009, and it represented a "complete re-engineering" of the software:
- SpeedTree Modeler (replacing SpeedTreeCAD) and SpeedTreeSDK (replacing SpeedTreeRT)
- SpeedTree Compiler, which prepares SpeedTree files for real-time rendering
SpeedTree Cinema was first released by IDV in 2009, based on version 5 technology.
SpeedTree for Games (version 6) was released on November 7, 2011, and was essentially a re-branded version of SpeedTree 6 (Modeler + Compiler). The product was identified as SpeedTree for Games to distinguish it from other products not meant for gaming/real-time use.
SpeedTree Architect was released on October 15, 2012, and is designed for architectural 3D CAD use and 3D fly-throughs.
IDV released updated versions of SpeedTree Cinema, SpeedTree Studio and SpeedTree Architect in November 2013.
SpeedTree Cinema was released by IDV in 2009, and saw its first major use in Avatar by James Cameron. SpeedTree Cinema is designed for use in the film industry, and generates high-resolution meshes and high-quality textures for Autodesk 3ds Max, Autodesk Maya and Cinema4D. The Cinema edition includes SpeedTree Modeler, and the complete Tree Model Library designed by IDV, while with other suites tree packs must be purchased separately. The Cinema edition can simulate animated growth of trees and plants, and can export data for animated wind effects.
SpeedTree Architect was released in 2012, is designed for use in 3D architectural CAD. It generates meshes compatible with typical architectural applications such as Autodesk 3ds Max, Autodesk Maya and Rhino. The Architect edition also exports normal maps and UV maps, for physically-accurate rendering engines such as V-Ray and mental ray.
SpeedTree for Games is the professional edition of SpeedTree for video game development, contrasting with the Subscription edition offered to independent studios and hobbyists. The Games edition includes the Modeler, Compiler, and SDK. This edition permits professional game developers to integrate SpeedTree runtime technology into any game engine of their choice. Meshes generated with the system are low poly, with multiple levels of detail, use texture atlases, and are typically stored in an efficient binary format.
SpeedTree Subscription Edition is a low-cost edition of SpeedTree Modeler and Runtime, targeted at independent game studios. The licensing fee is a $20 monthly charge, as well as additional charges for tree packs. Subscribers get access to the SpeedTree editor, the ability to generate 3D models of trees and plants, such plants being exclusively usable with either Unreal Engine 4 or Unity, depending on the license. Subscribers can download additional tree model packs from the Model Library, and pricing varies between packs.
SpeedTree Modeler is a Windows-based specialized modeling tool for designing foliage. The modeler features a combination of procedural tree generation, and hand-editing tools, to draw trees or transform individual tree parts. Procedural tree generation uses configuration such as branch length, branching angles and bark texture to generate a tree in a variety of formats. Newer versions support a drag-and-drop interface that automatically blends branch intersections and handles branch collisions.
SpeedTree Compiler is a software that enables creation of efficient tree models for use in real-time rendering or video games. It generates texture atlases and compiles and optimizes tree models for real-time use.
SpeedTree SDK is a multi-platform C++ SDK that efficiently handles rendering of SpeedTree-generated trees and forests. The engine is designed to integrate and operate within a larger game engine, with ready-made support for Unreal Engine, Unity and OGRE. The engine contains optimized systems to cull off-screen trees, and to determine level of detail for on-screen trees. Full source code is available to licensees for use in video games and other real-time applications, and modification of the engine is supported. The engine is built to work with Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Xbox, PlayStation and PlayStation Vita.
IDV has partnered with Epic Games in order to integrate the software with Epic's Unreal Engine 4 and Unreal Engine 3 and the free UDK engine released in November 2009. Partnerships have also been formed between IDV and BigWorld Tech, the Vision Engine by Havok, Multiverse Network, the Gamebryo engine by Emergent Game Technologies and the OGRE open-source rendering engine by Torus Knot.
- SpeedTree won a Scientific and Technical Academy Award in 2015.
- 2008 Develop Industry Excellence Awards Finalist, in the Technology & Services, Tools Providers category. Develop, a UK-based magazine and website serving the game industry, first recognized industry achievements in a variety of categories in 2003.
- 2005 Frontline Award, Middleware category. This award program, sponsored by Game Developer magazine, recognizes exceptional game development tools.
- Frontline Award Finalist: 2003, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2012
- MT2 Top 100: 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. The MT2 Top 100 awards are sponsored by Kerrigan Media International and Military Training Technology to recognize companies and technologies that have made a significant impact in the military training industry.
Video game industry
SpeedTree for Games was licensed for its first video games, including The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, in December 2002. SpeedTree has been licensed for PC and next-generation console titles in a wide variety of genres. Studios that have used SpeedTree, or published games featuring the technology, include:
Selected recent, upcoming and/or popular titles featuring SpeedTree for Games:
Film and animation industry
Following the release of SpeedTree Cinema in 2009, SpeedTree saw its first major cinematic use in 2009's Avatar, in which the technology provided the vegetation for the flyover of the planet Pandora in the first frames of the movie, as well as other scenes. Known movies and television productions featuring SpeedTree include:
|2014||Into the Storm|
|2014||The Nut Job|
|2014||In the Heart of the Sea|
|2014||The Hundred-Foot Journey|
|2014||Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles|
|2014||Captain America: The Winter Soldier|
|2013||The Secret Life of Walter Mitty|
|2012||Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter|
|2014||X-Men: Days of Future Past|
|2013||Thor: The Dark World|
|2013||G.I. Joe: Retaliation|
|2013||The Great Gatsby|
|2013||Iron Man 3|
|2013||Jack the Giant Slayer|
|2013||The Lone Ranger|
|2013||Star Trek Into Darkness|
|2013||White House Down|
|2013||The Wolf of Wall Street|
|2013||World War Z|
|2013||Olympus Has Fallen|
|2012||Life of Pi|
|2012||The Men Who Built America|
|2012||Snow White and the Huntsman|
|2011||Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides|
SpeedTree is being used in the following real-time, non-game projects and offerings:
- America's Army project, both the America's Army game and in non-public applications used for training, simulation, education, virtual prototyping and outreach
- An optional foliage module with the Vega Prime visualization product line. Vega Prime is a 3D visual simulation software package used by the global military industry and in other game and non-game markets.
- An Apache attack helicopter FLIR simulation developed for the US Army by Camber Corp. for pilot training under night flying conditions
- The Expresso Fitness Virtual Reality Bike, a cardio exercise system developed by Expresso Fitness and sold to gyms and home users
- A combat simulation developed by Emergent Game Technologies for the US Department of Defense
- A project under development by the Germany-based division of European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS)
- The Forest Fire project, developed by the Media Convergence Laboratory (MCL) at the University of Central Florida. The project is helping to determine if a virtual reality presentation of wildfires can influence local residents to invest in prescribed burns and other protective efforts.
- Hollywood’s movie tech wizards honoured by Oscars organizers, LiveMint
- SpeedTree Brings Photoreal Vegetation to The Wolf of Wall Street, ComputerGraphicsWorld
- Avatar Profile, SpeedTree website
- The Science Behind Oscar's Award-Winning Trees And Tresses, PhysicsCentral
- SpeedTree® Receives a Scientific and Technical Academy Award®, Gamasutra
- 21 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACHIEVEMENTS TO BE HONORED WITH ACADEMY AWARDS®, OSCARS Website
- Local Computer Graphics Company Earns Academy Award for Technical Achievement, FreeTimes
- "Middleware Postmortem: IDV Inc's SpeedTreeRT". Gamasutra.com. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- SpeedTree Cinema, SpeedTree Store
- SpeedTree v6.1.1 Provides Support for Cinema 4D, Animation World Network
- SpeedTree Architect
- SpeedTree for Games, SpeedTree
- SpeedTree SDK Middleware, SpeedTree
- SpeedTree Compiler, SpeedTree
- SpeedTree Modeler for Unreal Engine 4 adopts $19 per month subscription fee, DevelopOnline
- SpeedTree for UE4* Subscription Modeler, SpeedTree
- SpeedTree for Unity 5, SpeedTree
- SpeedTree® for Unity® 5 Beta Launched, Gamasutra
- Tree packages for Unreal Engine 4, SpeedTree Store
- Tree packages for Unity, SpeedTree Store
- SpeedTree Modeler Features, SpeedTree website
- New Optimized SpeedTree Version Adds Support For Vita, Mac, DirectX 11, Gamasutra
- SpeedTree integrated into Unreal Engine 4, DevelopOnline.net
- SpeedTree plants roots in Bungie's Destiny, DevelopOnline
- Destiny to Feature SpeedTree For Games for Creating Environmental Vegetation, GamingBolt
- The Witcher 3 Wild Hunt Will Be One of the Largest Install of Current Era: 50GB on PS4 and Xbox One!, Air Herald
- Battlefield 4 Teaser Trailers Teases Tanks And Boats, CinemaBlend
- Hawken Will Use SpeedTree, CinemaBlend
- Warriors Orochi 3 Using IDV's SpeedTree, CinemaBlend
- official announcement
- official announcement
- official announcement
- SpeedTree Official Website - features news updates, affiliate information, videos and screenshots of SpeedTree products.
- Interactive Data Visualization, Inc. Official Website - the website of the developers of SpeedTree.
- SpeedTree showcase - features videos of SpeedTree modeling features.
- SpeedTree Gallery - features screenshots of SpeedTree at work.
- Gamasutra feature article on SpeedTree
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion video - the chapter 2 video features Bethesda Softwork's implementation of SpeedTreeRT.