||This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Stylistic origins||NWOBHM, hardcore punk|
|Cultural origins||Late 1970s and early 1980s, United Kingdom and United States|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar • Bass • Drums • Vocals|
|Derivative forms||Thrash metal, power metal, neo-classical metal, black metal, death metal|
|United States • Germany • United Kingdom|
Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that originated in the late 1970s from NWOBHM and hardcore punk roots. It is described by Allmusic as "extremely fast, abrasive, and technically demanding" music.
Motörhead is often credited as the first band to invent/play speed metal. Some of speed metal's earlier influences include Black Sabbath's "Children of the Grave", Deep Purple's "Fireball" and Queen's "Stone Cold Crazy" (which was eventually covered by the thrash metal band Metallica), from their 1974 album Sheer Heart Attack, and Deep Purple's song "Highway Star", from their album Machine Head. The latter was called 'early speed metal' by Robb Reiner of speed metal band Anvil.
Speed metal eventually evolved into thrash metal. Although many tend to equate the two subgenres, others argue that there is a distinct difference between them. In his book Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal, Ian Christe states that "...thrash metal relies more on long, wrenching rhythmic breaks, while speed metal... is a cleaner and more musically intricate subcategory, still loyal to the dueling melodies of classic metal."
Regional differences 
Speed metal's sound varied between various regional scenes. European bands leaned towards the sound of bands like Venom and Motörhead. Japanese bands had a more melodic sound that resembled power metal. North American bands had a faster, more aggressive sound that would later influence the thrash metal movement.
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Speed metal|
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Motörhead: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Jones, Chris (2007-06-07). "Queen: Sheer Heart Attack Review". BBC. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- Posted 3/16/09. ""Anvil On Deep Purple's "Highway Star"" by Anvil | Show Clip". VH1.com. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- "Speed Metal". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-06-07.