Speed skating rink
A standard speed skating track is, according to the regulations of the International Skating Union (ISU), a double-laned track with two curved ends each of 180°, in which the radius of the inner curve is not less than 25 metres and not more than 26 metres. The width of the competition lanes is 4 metres. At the opposite straight of the finishing line, there is a crossing area, where the skaters must change lane. [ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules] - Rule 203
At international competitions, the track must be 400 metres long, with a warm-up lane at least 4 metres wide inside the competition lanes. For Olympic competitions, the track must also be enclosed within a building.
The design and dimensions of a speed skating track have remained more or less unchanged since the foundation of ISU in 1892.
Measurement and demarcation
The measurement of the track is made half a meter into the lane. The total length of the track is the distance a competitor skates each lap, i.e. the length of two straights, one inner curve and one outer curve, in addition to the extra distance skated when changing lanes in the cross-over area, which on a standard track equals 7 centimeters.
- A 400 m track with inner radius 25.0 m has 113.57 m long straights
- A 400 m track with inner radius 25.5 m has 112.00 m long straights
- A 400 m track with inner radius 26.0 m has 110.43 m long straights
The demarcation of the competition lanes are made by painted lines in the ice (ot a set of painted marks) and movable blocks of rubber. On outdoor tracks, snow may also be used for demarcation of the competition lanes.
Alternative speed skating tracks
Although ISU regulations state that minimum measures for a standard speed skating track, alternative track lengths may be used for competition. The minimum requirements are track length on 200 meters, radius of inner curve of 15 meters and width of the competition lanes 2 meters.
Combination with other sports
Indoor speed skating tracks
Below is a complete list of the indoor 400 m speed skating tracks around the world. The data presented are retrieved from the online database Speed Skating News.
|Canada||Fort St. John||Pomeroy Sport Centre||671||2009|
|Canada||Richmond||Richmond Olympic Oval||4||2008*|
|China||Changchun||Jilin Provincial Speed Skating Rink||210||2005|
|China||Harbin||Heilongjiang Indoor Rink||141||1995|
|China||Shenyang||Bayi Speed Skating Oval||48||1999|
|Germany||Erfurt||Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann Halle||214||2001|
|Japan||Obihiro||Meiji Hokkaido-Tokachi Oval||79||2009|
|Kazakhstan||Astana||Alau Ice Palace||348||2011|
|Netherlands||Tilburg||Ireen Wüst IJsbaan||13||2009|
|Russia||Kolomna||Speed Skating Centre||120||2006|
|Russia||Moscow||Krylatskoye Skating Hall||127||2004|
|Russia||Sochi||Adler Arena Skating Center||5||2012|
|South Korea||Seoul||Taereung Indoor Ice Rink||63||2000|
|USA||West Allis, Milwaukee||Pettit National Ice Center||216||1993|
|USA||Kearns, Salt Lake City||Utah Olympic Oval||1423||2000|
- Note: The Richmond Olympic Oval was dismantled upon completion of the 2010 Winter Olympics and is no longer used for speed skating. However if the need arises the speed skating rink can be reinstalled.
Other major speed skating tracks
In the table below, some of the world's major outdoor speed skating tracks still in use are listed. This is not a complete list of speed skating venues, but lists most of the outdoor tracks used for world cup competitions and championships the past years. The data in the table are retrieved from the Speed Skating News database.
|Canada||Québec City||Centre National Gaétan Boucher||103||1978|
|Italy||Baselga di Pinè||Ice Rink Pinè||998||1985|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Jaap Eden IJsbaan||-5||1961|
|Netherlands||The Hague||De Uithof||0||1989||Semi-covered|
|Norway||Oslo||Frogner stadion||42||1914||Reopened with artificial ice in 2010|
|Switzerland||Davos||Eisstadion Davos||1560||1894||Natural ice|
|USA||Lake Placid||James B. Sheffield Olympic Skating Rink||568||1977|
|USA||Roseville||John Rose Minnesota Oval||276||1993|
- ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 205
- ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 206
- ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 228
- ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 226
- ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 204
- Speed Skating News
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