|Town of Speedway, Indiana|
|Nickname(s): Home of the 500, The Racing Capital of the World|
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Town||4.77 sq mi (12.35 km2)|
|• Land||4.76 sq mi (12.33 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||744 ft (227 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||11,930|
|• Density||2,481.5/sq mi (958.1/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0443930|
Speedway is a town in Wayne Township, Marion County, Indiana, United States. The population was 11,812 at the 2010 census. Speedway is the home of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway; it is an enclave of Indianapolis.
Speedway was laid out in 1912 as a residential suburb. It took its name from the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. It is an early example of a residential community planned for the industrial plants located nearby. Carl G. Fisher, James A. Allison, Frank Wheeler, and Arthur Newby, founders of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, planned the suburb of Speedway, Indiana south of the track. Fisher and Allison owned plants nearby that needed workers; the Prest-O-Lite factory and Allison Engine Company. The investors' goal was to create a city without horses, where residents would drive automobiles as well as participate in creating mechanical parts for new modes of transportation.
Speedway is located at (39.791943, -86.249988).
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 4.77 square miles (12.4 km2), of which 4.76 square miles (12.3 km2) (or 99.79%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.21%) is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Speedway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 11,812 people, 5,550 households, and 2,931 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,481.5 inhabitants per square mile (958.1/km2). There were 6,709 housing units at an average density of 1,409.5 per square mile (544.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 74.2% White, 16.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 4.4% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.6% of the population.
There were 5,550 households of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.2% were non-families. 39.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the town was 37.8 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,882 people, 6,151 households, and 3,278 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,708.9 people per square mile (1,047.0/km²). There were 6,636 housing units at an average density of 1,395.6 per square mile (539.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.16% White, 11.89% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.63% of the population.
There were 6,151 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the town the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,713, and the median income for a family was $49,005. Males had a median income of $36,756 versus $26,954 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,468. About 5.6% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
- The School Town of Speedway has six campuses and an enrollment of approximately 1,650 students.
- St Christopher School
- "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Speedway town, Indiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert G. (November 22, 1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indiana University Press. p. 1284. ISBN 0-253-11249-4.
- Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 308. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3.
...named the city for "Speedway Course"...
- "Speedway Historic District". nps.gov. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Feel the Need for Speed in Indy". nps.gov. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Speedway, Indiana