Speleogenesis is the origin and development of caves, the primary process that determines essential features of the hydrogeology of karst and guides its evolution. It often deals with the development of caves through limestone, caused by the presence of water with carbon dioxide dissolved within it, producing carbonic acid which permits the dissociation of the calcium carbonate in the limestone.
- Exploring Earth: Observe an animation of cave formation, an animation of cave formation in limestone deposits.
- NOVA: How Caves Form, an interactive explanation of how rain, waves, lava, and bacteria can form caves.
- Speleogenesis online scientific journal
- Speleogenesis Network, a communication platform for physical speleology and karst science research
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