Spelthorne

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Borough of Spelthorne
Non-metropolitan district, Borough
Spelthorne shown within Surrey
Spelthorne shown within Surrey
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Surrey
Historic county Middlesex
Status Staines-upon-Thames
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Spelthorne Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Kwasi Kwarteng
Area
 • Total 19.75 sq mi (51.16 km2)
Area rank 280th (of 326)[1]
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 95,900
 • Rank 243rd (of 326)
 • Density 4,900/sq mi (1,900/km2)
 • Ethnicity 91.8% White
3.8% S.Asian
1.3% Black
1.7% Mixed Race
1.3% Chinese or Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 43UH (ONS)
E07000213 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ045715
Website www.spelthorne.gov.uk

Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. It contains the towns and villages of Ashford, Laleham, Shepperton, Staines-upon-Thames, Stanwell and Sunbury-on-Thames.

Boroughs adjacent to Spelthorne are Runnymede and Elmbridge in Surrey, the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, the London Borough of Hillingdon to the north, as well as the London Borough of Hounslow and the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the east.

History[edit]

Spelthorne appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Spelethorne, in Middlesex. Spelthorne was a hundred, where local landowners met about once a month. The Spelthorne hundred also covered Poyle, historically a hamlet in the village of Stanwell,[2] Hatton, East Bedfont, Feltham and Hanworth in the modern London Borough of Hounslow and Teddington (not in 1086 a manor) and Hampton (historically including Hampton Wick, Hampton Hill and Hampton Court) in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.[3]

Hundreds dwindled in power as the medieval period drew to a close and were largely sources of revenue for certain overlords by the Tudor period, underlying freeholds and rights over their commons frequently held or divided among royalty or peers in a particular hundred. Ecclesiastical parishes assumed responsibilities for upkeep of public places and roads and apprehending wrongdoers, appointing churchwardens and constables to administer their areas. The poor law unions assumed responsibility for indoor and outdoor relief, later including workhouses:

  • Kingston Poor Law Union in the east[4]
  • Staines Poor Law Union in the west.[5]

In 1875 Sanitary Districts were created covering England and Wales.[6]

In 1889 Middlesex County Council was elected and formed pursuant to the Local Government Act 1888 and principally administered the area until 1965.

Under the Local Government Act 1894 in the area of the current borough responsibilities such as planning, sanitation and surface water drainage were conferred on the new bodies Staines Urban, Sunbury Urban and Staines Rural districts.

The 20th century saw the construction of the Two Staines Reservoirs (1901), Queen Mary (1931), King George VI (1947), and the Wraysbury Reservoirs (1970) in what is today's borough.

In 1930 most of Staines Rural District merged into Staines Urban District, with the remainder given to West Drayton and Feltham Urban Districts.

In 1965 when the rest of Middlesex, except for Potters Bar Urban District, was absorbed into the new county of Greater London, Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames Urban Districts were transferred to Surrey.

From these the Borough of Spelthorne was formed on the abolition of the urban districts and rural districts nationally in 1974.

The borough ceded a small amount of land in 1995 when Poyle was transferred to the Borough of Slough, as it was the only settlement outside the M25 motorway. Spelthorne, like Potters Bar, remained inside the Metropolitan Police District, and was not transferred to Surrey Police until the boundary was realigned to Greater London in 2000.

Floods in 2014 caused internal damage to 891 (or 2.2%) of homes in Spelthorne due to record rainfall causing Thames flooding. This compared to internal damage to more than 30% of homes in the neighbouring settlement of Wraysbury in the borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.[7]

In August 2014 local business leaders called for Spelthorne - along with other boroughs close to the capital - to be transferred from the county of Surrey to Greater London, however, the proposal met much opposition from local politicians. [8]

Parks and lakes[edit]

The borough estimates it has 750 acres (300 ha) (3km²) of parks, including, from Shepperton upstream the Thames Path.[9] Its sixteen main parks with recreational/sports facilities[10] are supplemented by various small greens and linear parks, such as by the River Thames and include the two largest parks which have substantial areas of flowering meadow with diverse and rare grasses, invertebrates and birds: Laleham Park and Sunbury Park.

The borough has five reservoirs, covering more than 15% of land, which apart from their main use of ensuring a stable and energy-efficient drinking water supply to London are bird reserves and in the case of the Queen Mary Reservoir, a sailing training centre.

Of recognised high importance to nature is Staines Moor, which alongside Sheepwalk Lake and wetlands, Shepperton are the sites of special scientific interest (SSSI).[11]

Other land use[edit]

A January 2005 enhanced basemap study by the Office for National Statistics managed to classify 50.8 square kilometres (19.6 sq mi), 99% of land in Spelthorne. This showed that in this borough 20.954 square kilometres (8.090 sq mi) was Greenspace (fields, verges, woods and parks) and 11.165 square kilometres (4.311 sq mi) was water. The remaining land uses were:[12]

Domestic gardens 8.495 square kilometres (3.280 sq mi)
Road 3.919 square kilometres (1.513 sq mi)
Other land uses 2.491 square kilometres (0.962 sq mi)
Domestic buildings 2.403 square kilometres (0.928 sq mi)
Non-domestic buildings 1.045 square kilometres (0.403 sq mi)
Path 0.209 square kilometres (0.081 sq mi)
Rail 0.134 square kilometres (0.052 sq mi)

Politics[edit]

The 5th May 2011 election results produced 32 Conservative seats, 6 Liberal Democrat seats and one Independent. This result saw three seats change denomination and a net loss of two Liberal Democrat council seats to each of the other two groups.[13]

Elections are held every four years for the whole council, rather than third-of-council for election (for district and borough councils there is an approximately equal bias towards both methods).[13]

The next borough council elections take place in 2015.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Main article: Surrey § Sport

The borough has two publicly sponsored leisure centres. Within the borders are two private fitness clubs also with pools, the Thames Club, Staines and Virgin Active, Sunbury and two golf courses.

The three school-taught English sports of rugby, cricket and football are played at pitches widely. In rugby union, the London Irish Training Academy is in Sunbury-on-Thames and Staines Rugby Club play next to the Feltham-Sunbury border.

Spelthorne has three football clubs, which are semi- or non-professional as the top men's sides compete in the lower leagues:

Club Ground
Ashford Town (Middlesex) F.C The Robert Parker Stadium, Short Lane, Stanwell
Spelthorne Sports F.C. Spelthorne Sports Club, Ashford
Staines Town F.C. Wheatsheaf Park, Staines-upon-Thames

Spelthorne is also home to one of Middlesex's major Archery Clubs, Spelthorne Archers.

Fishing is open to all, subject to obtaining a rod licence,[14] from the Thames Path National Trail and adjoining islands in Laleham and Staines as well as at lakes in Shepperton and Ashford. One rowing club is in the borough and Staines Boat Club is Staines Bridge. Sunbury Skiff and Punting Club is the newest of six nearby on the Thames, several of which incorporate dongola racing, dragon boat racing and canoeing.

Towns and villages[edit]

The borough consists greatly of housing forming suburbs to London and has mid rise urban town centres with instances of office and residential high rise buildings in Staines and in Sunbury respectively. Its largest non-urban parts, inclusive of its several important reservoirs are Spelthorne's parks and lakes with some arable farming and sheep grazing on the reservoir embankments and fringes. Kempton Park Racecourse and Shepperton Studios are in Spelthorne. Staines is the largest town in the borough and its administrative centre, at Knowle Green.

Current towns and villages[edit]

Subsumed hamlets or manors[edit]

  • Kempton
  • Astleham: see Littleton, above and Queen Mary Reservoir, above.

Twinning[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b In Staines upon Thames post town. As with towns above, these are ancient parisheses and were civil parishes.[15]
  2. ^ Former hamlet of Stanwell. In Staines upon Thames post town.[2]
  3. ^ a b Former hamlet of Sunbury-on-Thames. In Shepperton post town.[16]
  4. ^ Covers a small area as covered most of the Queen Mary Reservoir. Of sporadic use: its clustered centre adjoins housing across the Ash in Shepperton Green; within Shepperton post town and the home of Shepperton Studios.[15]
References
  1. ^ Office for National Statistics
  2. ^ a b c Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Stanwell: Introduction". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Domesday Map website with details of 13 manors in the Hundred of Spelthorne
  4. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Teddington, St Mary". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Hanworth, St George". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Public Health Act 1875
  7. ^ "No flood defence work for worst hit towns" Chris Caulfield. Surrey Advertiser/Surrey Herald newspaper group. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-02
  8. ^ "Calls for Surrey towns to be part of London". BBC News. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014
  9. ^ Spelthorne BC Park and Open Spaces. Retrieved 2013-07-04
  10. ^ Spelthorne BC Sports Facilities. Retrieved 2013-07-04
  11. ^ SSSIs List and Management: Surrey Wildlife Trust.
  12. ^ Land Use Statistics (Generalised Land Use Database) (2001 - 2005) Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  13. ^ a b BBC News Vote 2011, Retrieved 2011-07-30
  14. ^ When you need a licence www.gov.uk
  15. ^ a b William Page (Editor) (1911). "Ashford, Laleham, Littleton [and others outside of the borough]". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  16. ^ Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury [and others outside the borough]". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Twinning with Melun, Île de France and Grand Port, Mauritius

Coordinates: 51°26′N 0°30′W / 51.433°N 0.500°W / 51.433; -0.500