Spelthorne

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Borough of Spelthorne
Non-metropolitan district, Borough
Spelthorne shown within Surrey
Spelthorne shown within Surrey
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Surrey
Historic county Middlesex
Status Staines-upon-Thames
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Spelthorne Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Kwasi Kwarteng
Area
 • Total 19.75 sq mi (51.16 km2)
Area rank 280th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 95,900
 • Rank 243rd (of 326)
 • Density 4,900/sq mi (1,900/km2)
 • Ethnicity 91.8% White
3.8% S.Asian
1.3% Black
1.7% Mixed Race
1.3% Chinese or Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 43UH (ONS)
E07000213 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ045715
Website www.spelthorne.gov.uk

Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. It contains the towns and villages of Ashford, Laleham, Shepperton, Staines-upon-Thames, Stanwell and Sunbury.

Boroughs adjacent to Spelthorne include Runnymede and Elmbridge in Surrey, the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, the London Borough of Hillingdon to the north, as well as the London Borough of Hounslow and the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the east.

History[edit]

Spelthorne appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Spelethorne, in Middlesex. Spelthorne was a hundred, where local landowners met about once a month. The Spelthorne hundred also covered Poyle, historically a hamlet in the village of Stanwell,[1] Hatton, East Bedfont, Feltham and Hanworth in the modern London Borough of Hounslow and Teddington (not in 1086 a manor) and Hampton (historically including Hampton Wick, Hampton Hill and Hampton Court) in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.[2]

Hundreds dwindled in power as the medieval period drew to a close and were largely sources of revenue for certain overlords by the Tudor period, underlying freeholds and rights over their commons frequently held or divided among royalty or peers in a particular hundred. Ecclesiastical parishes assumed responsibilities for upkeep of public places and roads and apprehending wrongdoers, appointing churchwardens and constables to administer their areas. The poor law unions assumed responsibility for indoor and outdoor relief, later including workhouses:

  • Kingston Poor Law Union in the east[3]
  • Staines Poor Law Union in the west.[4]

In 1875 Sanitary Districts were created covering England and Wales.[5]

In 1889 Middlesex County Council was elected and formed pursuant to the Local Government Act 1888 and principally administered the area until 1965.

Under the Local Government Act 1894 in the area of the current borough responsibilities such as planning, sanitation and surface water drainage were conferred on the new bodies Staines Urban, Sunbury Urban and Staines Rural districts.

The 20th century saw the construction of the two Staines Reservoirs (1901), Queen Mary (1931), King George VI (1947), and the Wraysbury Reservoirs (1970) in what is today's borough.

In 1930 most of Staines Rural District merged into Staines Urban District, with the remainder given to West Drayton and Feltham Urban Districts.

In 1965 when the rest of Middlesex except for Potters Bar Urban District was absorbed into the new county of Greater London, Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames Urban Districts were transferred to Surrey.

From these the Borough of Spelthorne was formed in 1974.

The borough ceded a small amount of land in 1995 when Poyle was transferred to the Borough of Slough, as it was the only settlement outside the M25 motorway. Spelthorne, like Potters Bar, remained inside the Metropolitan Police District, and was not transferred to Surrey Police until the boundary was realigned to Greater London in 2000.

The borough was devastated by the UK storms of January–February 2014.

Parks and Lakes[edit]

The borough has 750 acres (300 ha) of parks and open spaces, including several miles of riverside walks.[6] Its sixteen main parks with recreational/sports facilities[7] are supplemented by various small greens and linear parks, such as by the River Thames and include two parks which have substantial areas of wild meadow, grassland and trees, Laleham Park and Sunbury Park.

The borough has five reservoirs, important bird reserves and contributing to the region's fresh water supply.

Of recognised high importance to nature is Staines Moor, which in the same way as Sheepwalk Lake and wetlands in Shepperton in the borough, is designated a site of special scientific interest (SSSI).[8]

Politics[edit]

The 5th May United Kingdom local elections 2011 results produced 32 Conservative seats, 6 Liberal Democrat seats and one Independent.[9]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Main article: Surrey § Sport

The three school-taught English sports of rugby, cricket and football are played at pitches in Spelthorne, however the Staines Rugby Club plays on a site within the borders of Feltham.

The borough has two publicly sponsored leisure centres. Within the borders are two private fitness clubs, the Thames Club, Staines and Virgin Active, Sunbury and two golf courses.

Spelthorne has three football clubs: Ashford Town (Middlesex) F.C, who are based at the Robert Parker Stadium in Short Lane, Stanwell; Spelthorne Sports F.C. who play at Spelthorne Sports Club, Ashford and Staines Town F.C. who play at Wheatsheaf Park. All three clubs currently are non-league with top men's sides that compete in lower leagues.

Districts[edit]

The borough is mainly an urban area and some areas of suburban housing (mainly towards the river Thames). Kempton Park Racecourse and Shepperton Studios are both located in Spelthorne. Staines is both the largest town in the borough and its administrative centre, at Knowle Green.

Twinning[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Stanwell: Introduction". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Domesday Map website with details of 13 manors in the Hundred of Spelthorne
  3. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Teddington, St Mary". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Hanworth, St George". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Public Health Act 1875
  6. ^ Spelthorne BC Park and Open Spaces. Retrieved 2013-07-04
  7. ^ Spelthorne BC Sports Facilities. Retrieved 2013-07-04
  8. ^ See the SSSIs run by Surrey Wildlife Trust.
  9. ^ BBC News Vote 2011, Retrieved 2011-07-30
  10. ^ http://www.spelthorne.gov.uk/article/910/Twinning---SpelthorneMelunMauritius

Coordinates: 51°26′N 0°30′W / 51.433°N 0.500°W / 51.433; -0.500