|Borough of Spelthorne|
|Non-metropolitan district, Borough|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Status||Non-metropolitan district, Borough|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Spelthorne Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Kwasi Kwarteng|
|• Total||19.75 sq mi (51.16 km2)|
|Area rank||280th (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||243rd (of 326)|
|• Density||4,900/sq mi (1,900/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||91.8% White
1.7% Mixed Race
1.3% Chinese or Other
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||43UH (ONS)
|OS grid reference||TQ045715|
Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England, although it is also associated with what remains of Middlesex, its historic county being on the north bank of the River Thames. It contains the towns and villages of Ashford, Laleham, Shepperton, Staines-upon-Thames, Stanwell and Sunbury.
Boroughs adjacent to Spelthorne include Runnymede and Elmbridge in Surrey, the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, the London Borough of Hillingdon to the north, as well as the London Borough of Hounslow and the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the east.
Spelthorne appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Spelethorne, in Middlesex. Spelthorne was a hundred, where local landowners met about once a month. The Spelthorne hundred also covered Poyle, historically a hamlet in the village of Stanwell, Hatton, East Bedfont, Feltham and Hanworth in the London Borough of Hounslow and Teddington (not in 1086 a manor) and Hampton (historically including Hampton Wick, Hampton Hill and Hampton Court) in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
Hundreds dwindled in power as the medieval period drew to a close and were largely sources of revenue for certain overlords by the Tudor period, underlying freeholds and rights over their commons frequently held or divided among royalty or peers in a particular hundred. Ecclesiastical parishes assumed responsibilities for upkeep of public places and roads and apprehending wrongdoers, appointing churchwardens and constables to administer their areas. The poor law unions assumed responsibility for indoor and outdoor relief, later including workhouses:
Under the Local Government Act 1894 in the area of the current borough responsibilities such as planning, sanitation and surface water drainage were conferred on the new bodies Staines Urban, Sunbury Urban and Staines Rural districts.
In 1930 most of Staines Rural District merged into Staines Urban District, with the remainder given to West Drayton and Feltham Urban Districts.
From these the Borough of Spelthorne was formed in 1974.
The borough ceded a small amount of land in 1995 when Poyle was transferred to the Borough of Slough, as it was the only settlement outside the M25 motorway. Spelthorne, like Potters Bar, remained inside the Metropolitan Police District, and was not transferred to Surrey Police until the boundary was realigned to Greater London in 2000.
Parks and Lakes
The borough has 750 acres (304 ha) of parks and open spaces, including several miles of riverside walks. Its sixteen main parks with recreational/sports facilities are supplemented by various small greens and linear parks, such as by the River Thames and include two parks which have substantial areas of wild meadow, grassland and trees, Laleham Park and Sunbury Park.
The borough has five reservoirs, important bird reserves and contributing to the region's fresh water supply.
Of recognised high importance to nature is Staines Moor, which in the same way as Sheepwalk Lake and wetlands in Shepperton in the borough, is designated a site of special scientific interest (SSSI).
Sport and leisure
The borough has two publicly sponsored leisure centres. Within the borders are two private fitness clubs, the Thames Club, Staines and Virgin Active, Sunbury and two golf courses.
Spelthorne has three football clubs: Ashford Town (Middlesex) F.C, who are based at the Robert Parker Stadium in Short Lane, Stanwell; Spelthorne Sports F.C. who play at Spelthorne Sports Club, Ashford and Staines Town F.C. who play at Wheatsheaf Park. All three clubs currently are non-league with top men's sides that compete in lower leagues.
The borough is mainly an urban area and some areas of suburban housing (mainly towards the river Thames). Kempton Park Racecourse and Shepperton Studios are both located in Spelthorne. Staines is both the largest town in the borough and its administrative centre, at Knowle Green.
- Sunbury on Thames
- Kempton Park
- Stanwell Moor
- Upper Halliford
- Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Stanwell: Introduction". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Domesday Map website with details of 13 manors in the Hundred of Spelthorne
- Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Teddington, St Mary". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 04 July 2013.
- Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Hanworth, St George". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 04 July 2013.
- Public Health Act 1875
- Spelthorne BC Park and Open Spaces. Retrieved 2013-07-04
- Spelthorne BC Sports Facilities. Retrieved 2013-07-04
- See the SSSIs run by Surrey Wildlife Trust.
- BBC News Vote 2011, Retrieved 2011-07-30