Spelthorne (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Spelthorne in Surrey.
Location of Surrey within England.
|Electorate||71,211 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Sunbury-on-Thames, Staines, Ashford, Stanwell|
|Member of parliament||Kwasi Kwarteng (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History of Spelthorne
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
The seat includes the following electoral wards in the Borough of Spelthorne:
- Ashford Common, Ashford East, Ashford North and Stanwell South, Ashford Town, Halliford and Sunbury West, Laleham and Shepperton Green, Riverside, Shepperton Town, Staines, Staines South, Stanwell North, Sunbury Common, and Sunbury East
History of Spelthorne
Spelthorne was one of the ancient hundreds of the historic county of Middlesex. The hundred, which covered the south west of the historic county, had an area larger than the modern borough. Greater London, formed in 1965, incorporated almost all of the historic county of Middlesex; however Potters Bar was placed in Hertfordshire and Spelthorne was placed in Surrey. Accordingly, Spelthorne became the most northern part of Surrey.
Before 1918 the area formed part of the Uxbridge constituency.
The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918 as a Middlesex county division, and occupied the south west of the county. The seat was larger than it is today and included the whole of the ancient hundred - comprising local government areas of the Urban Districts: Feltham, Hampton, Hampton Wick, Staines, Sunbury-on-Thames and Teddington as well as Staines Rural District.
The constituency lost an eastern section: Hampton, Hampton Wick and Teddington to Twickenham constituency. However, the seat gained territory to the north from the Uxbridge division. The local government areas in the seat in 1945 were Feltham Urban District, Staines Urban District, Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District.
Yiewsley and West Drayton were returned to the Uxbridge seat. Spelthorne was reduced to the Urban Districts of Feltham, Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames.
In the 1955 redistribution Feltham became the southwest of the new Feltham constituency. Since 1955 the constituency has comprised the former urban districts of Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames, added to Surrey in 1965, and merged in 1974 to form the Borough of Spelthorne.
The seat was categorised as a borough constituency of Surrey from the February 1974 general election. This was the result of the first redistribution after the formation of Greater London. In 1995 the small settlement of Poyle, transferred from Buckinghamshire to the area in 1974, was transferred to the Borough of Slough.
The Boundary Commission recommended no boundary changes to this constituency in their review for the 2010 election.
The seat is south of Heathrow Airport bounded by a long meander of the Thames. It is a more built-up area with numerous but less expansive green spaces, fewer private roads and little woodland compared to further south in Surrey. Some 30% is embanked reservoir or flood plain protected in planning.
While relative to the county as a whole this borough is marginally less affluent, in national terms it is more affluent. Workless claimants (registered jobseekers) were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. Most residents can afford to buy their own homes: social housing accounts for only 10% of the total, and the proportion of professionals and managerial workers is high. Stanwell comprises the only county council ward in Surrey held by a Labour councillor, and in common with Sunbury Common has significant social housing.
Commercially, the area is one of the most active in Surrey. About 20% of all commercial or industrial property in the County is located here, including the headquarters of many national and international companies, such as BP, Courage, the Ian Allen Group, McVitie's, Del Monte, Samsung Electronics and Shepperton Film Studios.
Members of Parliament
The Spelthorne constituency has almost always been a Conservative stronghold. The only time a non-Conservative Member of Parliament was elected was in the 1945 general election, when Labour's George Pargiter was returned for one term. While the area has most often been a safe Conservative seat and saw majorities of 20,000 at the 1987 and 1992 general elections, it has also seen close contests from time to time.[n 3]
Note the standard two-party swing is only accurate when the same two parties, as in the previous election, share first and second place. Votes for other candidates are ignored in the calculation of 'Butler swing'. A positive swing is from Labour or SDP in 1987 towards the Conservative candidate and a negative swing is from Conservative towards a Labour or SDP in 1987 candidate.
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Rosie Shimell||3,163||6.4||-19.4|
|General Election 2010: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Chapman||12,242||25.9||+8.8|
|Best of a Bad Bunch||Rod Littlewood||244||0.5||N/A|
|Campaign for Independent Politicians||John Gore||167||0.4||N/A|
|Independents Federation UK - Honesty, Integrity, Democracy||Grahame Leon-Smith||102||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon James||7,318||17.09||+2.36|
|UK Community Issues Party||Caroline Schwark||239||0.6||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Rimmer||6,156||14.73||+1.59|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Edward Glynn||6,821||13.14||−3.37|
|Referendum Party||Barry Coleman||1,495||2.88||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Spelthorne|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Roberts||9,702||16.51||−6.41|
|Monster Raving Loony||D Rea||338||0.61||N/A|
|Natural Law||D Ellis||195||0.35||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Spelthorne|
|Social Democratic||M. Cunningham||12,390||22.92||−3.12|
|General Election 1983: Spelthorne|
|Social Democratic||A.W. Layton||13,357||26.04||+12.16|
|Independent Conservative||Richard Adams||2,816||5.49||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Spelthorne|
|National Front||J. Sawyer||518||0.95||-1.25|
|General Election October 1974: Spelthorne|
|National Front||J.M. Clifton||1,180||2.28||-0.20|
|General Election February 1974: Spelthorne|
|National Front||E.J. Butterfield||1,399||2.48||N/A|
|General Election 1970: Spelthorne|
|Labour||Patrick L. Cheney||18,239||36.26||-4.46|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966
|Conservative||Sir George Beresford Craddock||22,473||45.79||-1.23|
|Labour||Ronald G Wallace||19,986||40.72||+5.19|
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||6,624||13.50||-3.95|
|General Election 1964: Spelthorne|
|Conservative||Sir George Beresford Craddock||22,230||47.02||-12.54|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Spelthorne|
Since the boundary changes made with effect from this election, the constituency has had no major alteration.
|General Election 1955: Spelthorne|
|General Election 1951: Spelthorne|
|General Election 1950: Spelthorne|
|Liberal||Francis Joseph Halpin||5,048||8.80||-2.72|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.75|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Spelthorne|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-27.08|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Spelthorne|
|Labour||Dr. B. Lytton-Bernard||13,957||31.64||+10.37|
|General Election 1931: Spelthorne|
Elections in the 1920s
Electorate expanded with the introduction of universal adult suffrage, with all women qualifying to vote at 21 (the same basis as for men) instead of on a property qualification from the age of 30.
|General Election 1929: Spelthorne|
|Conservative||Sir Philip Edward Pilditch||19,177||49.36||-20.01|
|General Election 1924: Spelthorne|
|General Election 1923: Spelthorne|
|General Election 1922: Spelthorne|
|Labour||Archibald George Church||7,015||35.32||+20.19|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918: Spelthorne|
|Coalition Conservative||Philip Pilditch||12,423||77.72||N/A|
|Coalition Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The elected Conservative had majorities of less than 4,000 in 1997 and in 2001, of 2,500 in 1966, and of just 31 in 1950.
- Retired at the 2010 general election amid controversy over his expenses claims: the second highest in later years.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Spelthorne BC
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Spelthorne Labour Party". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Spelthorne Liberal Democrats select Rosie Shimell as their Prospective Parliamentary". Spelthorne Liberal Democrats. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Election result, 2010 (BBC)
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 - 2010 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1945 - 1979 (Politics Resources)
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- Britain Votes 4: British Parliamentary Election Results 1983-1987, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1988)
- Britain Votes 5: British Parliamentary Election Results 1988-1992, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Parliamentary Research Services/Dartmouth Publishing 1993)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983).
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1974-1983, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1984)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)
- Spelthorne Labour Party
- Spelthorne Conservatives
- Spelthorne Lib Dems
- Spelthorne Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2008)|