Spelthorne (UK Parliament constituency)

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Spelthorne
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Spelthorne in Surrey.
Outline map
Location of Surrey within England.
County Surrey
Electorate 71,211 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Sunbury-on-Thames, Staines, Ashford, Stanwell
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Kwasi Kwarteng (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Uxbridge
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Spelthorne is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Kwasi Kwarteng, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat has electoral wards:

Changes over time[edit]

Spelthorne constituency within Middlesex 1918-45.
Spelthorne constituency 1945-50.

Spelthorne is one of the traditional hundreds of the historic county of Middlesex. The hundred, that covers the south west of the historic county, has an area larger than the modern borough. Greater London, formed in 1965 incorporated almost all of the historic county of Middlesex: however Potters Bar was placed in Hertfordshire and Spelthorne was placed in Surrey. Accordingly, Spelthorne became the most northern part of Surrey.

Before 1918 the area formed part of the Uxbridge constituency.

1918-1945[edit]

The constituency was created as a Middlesex county division, by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and occupied the south west of the county. The seat was larger than it is today and included the whole of the traditional hundred - comprising local government areas of the Urban Districts: Feltham, Hampton, Hampton Wick, Staines, Sunbury-on-Thames and Teddington as well as Staines Rural District.

1945-1950[edit]

The constituency lost an eastern section: Hampton, Hampton Wick and Teddington to Twickenham constituency. However, the seat gained territory to the north from the Uxbridge division. The local government areas in the seat in 1945 were Feltham Urban District, Staines Urban District, Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District.

1950-1955[edit]

Yiewsley and West Drayton were returned to the Uxbridge seat. Spelthorne was reduced to the Urban Districts of Feltham, Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames.

1955 onwards[edit]

In the 1955 redistribution Feltham became the southwest of the new Feltham constituency. The constituency has comprised since 1955 the former urban districts of Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames, added to Surrey in 1965, and merged in 1974 to form the Borough of Spelthorne.

The seat was accounted as a borough constituency of Surrey, from the February 1974 general election. This was the result of the first redistribution after the formation of Greater London. In 1995 the small settlement of Poyle, added from Buckinghamshire to the area in 1974, was lost to the Borough of Slough.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat is south of Heathrow Airport bounded by a long meander of the Thames. It is a more built-up area with numerous but less expansive green spaces, fewer private roads and little woodland compared to further south in Surrey. Some 30% is embanked reservoir or flood plain protected in planning.[3]

While relative to the county as a whole this borough is marginally less affluent, in national terms it is more affluent. Workless claimants (registered jobseekers) were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[4] Most residents can afford to buy their own homes: social housing accounts for only 10% of the total,[5] and the proportion of professionals and managerial workers is high. Stanwell comprises the only county council ward in Surrey held by a Labour councillor, and in common with Sunbury Common has significant social housing.

Commercially, the area is one of the most active in Surrey. About 20% of all commercial or industrial property in the County is located here, including the headquarters of many national and international companies, such as BP, Courage, the Ian Allen Group, McVitie's, Del Monte, Samsung Electronics and Shepperton Film Studios.

The Boundary Commission recommended no boundary changes to this constituency in their review for the 2010 election.

History[edit]

The Spelthorne constituency has almost always been a Conservative stronghold. The only time a non-Conservative Member of Parliament was elected was in the 1945 general election, when Labour's George Pargiter was returned for one term. While the area has most often to date been a safe Conservative seat and saw majorities of 20,000 at the 1987 and 1992 general elections, it has also seen close contests from time to time.[n 3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The member from 1918 was an architect, Philip Pilditch who piloted the Ancient Monuments Act 1931 through Parliament, see Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Election Member[6] Party
1918 Sir Philip Pilditch Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1931 Reginald Blaker Conservative
1945 George Pargiter Labour
1950 Beresford Craddock Conservative
1970 Humphrey Atkins Conservative
1987 David Wilshire[n 4] Conservative
2010 Kwasi Kwarteng Conservative

Elections[edit]

Note the standard two-party swing is only accurate when the same two parties, as in the previous election, share first and second place. Votes for other candidates are ignored in the calculation of 'Butler swing'. A positive swing is from Labour or SDP in 1987 towards the Conservative candidate and a negative swing is from Conservative towards a Labour or SDP in 1987 candidate.

1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s1960s1970s1980s1990s2000s

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kwasi Kwarteng 22,261 47.1 -3.4
Liberal Democrat Mark Chapman 12,242 25.9 +8.8
Labour Adam Tyler-Moore 7,789 16.5 -10.8
UKIP Christopher Browne 4,009 8.5 +3.9
Independent Ian Swinglehurst 314 0.7 N/A
Best of a Bad Bunch Rod Littlewood 244 0.5 N/A
TUSC Paul Couchman 176 0.4 N/A
Campaign for Independent Politicians John Gore 167 0.4 N/A
Independents Federation UK - Honesty, Integrity, Democracy Grahame Leon-Smith 102 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,019 21.2
Turnout 47,304 67.1 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing -6.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Wilshire 21,620 50.48 +5.38
Labour Keith Dibble 11,684 27.28 −10.02
Liberal Democrat Simon James 7,318 17.09 +2.36
UKIP Christopher Browne 1,968 4.60 +1.73
UK Community Issues Party Caroline Schwark 239 0.6 N/A
Majority 9,936 23.20 +15.40
Turnout 42,829 62.75 +1.94
Registered electors 68,254
Conservative hold Swing +7.7
General Election 2001: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Wilshire 18,851 45.10 +0.21
Labour Andrew Shaw 15,589 37.30 −0.90
Liberal Democrat Martin Rimmer 6,156 14.73 +1.59
UKIP Richard Squire 1,198 2.87 +1.98
Majority 3,262 7.80 +1.11
Turnout 41,794 60.81 −12.77
Registered electors 68,731
Conservative hold Swing +0.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Wilshire 23,306 44.89 −13.66
Labour Keith Dibble 19,833 38.20 +15.26
Liberal Democrat Edward Glynn 6,821 13.14 −3.37
Referendum Party Barry Coleman 1,495 2.88 N/A
UKIP John Fowler 462 0.89 N/A
Majority 3,473 6.69 −28.92
Turnout 51,917 73.58 −6.78
Registered electors 70,562
Conservative hold Swing −14.5
General Election 1992: Spelthorne[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Wilshire 32,627 58.55 −1.46
Labour Ann Leedham 12,784 22.94 +5.87
Liberal Democrat Roger Roberts 9,702 16.51 −6.41
Green J Wassell 580 1.04 N/A
Monster Raving Loony D Rea 338 0.61 N/A
Natural Law D Ellis 195 0.35 N/A
Majority 19,843 35.61 −1.48
Turnout 55,726 80.36 +6.28
Registered electors 69,344
Conservative hold Swing −0.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Wilshire 32,440 60.01 +7.63
Social Democratic M. Cunningham 12,390 22.92 −3.12
Labour D.F.J. Welfare 9,227 17.07 +1.62
Majority 20,050 37.09 +10.76
Turnout 54,057 74.08 +3.08
Registered electors 72,967
Conservative hold Swing +5.57
General Election 1983: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humphrey Atkins 26,863 52.38 −5.02
Social Democratic A.W. Layton 13,357 26.04 +12.16
Labour M.C. Rowlands 7,926 15.45 −12.32
Independent Conservative Richard Adams 2,816 5.49 N/A
FTACMP E.J. Butterfield 325 0.63 N/A
Majority 13,506 26.33 −3.30
Turnout 51,287 71.00 -5.89
Registered electors 72,236
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humphrey Atkins 31,290 57.40 +12.67
Labour C.H. Dodwell 15,137 27.77 -5.46
Liberal Paul Winner 7,565 13.88 -5.87
National Front J. Sawyer 518 0.95 -1.25
Majority 16,153 29.63 +18.12
Turnout 54,510 76.89 +2.40
Registered electors 70,898
Conservative hold Swing +10.02
General Election October 1974: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humphrey Atkins 23,125 44.73 +0.90
Labour C.H. Dodwell 17,177 33.23 +3.66
Liberal Paul Winner 10,212 19.75 -4.37
National Front J.M. Clifton 1,180 2.28 -0.20
Majority 5,948 11.51 -2.75
Turnout 51,694 74.49 -7.64
Registered electors 69,393
Conservative hold Swing -2.33
General Election February 1974: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humphrey Atkins 24,772 43.83 -10.38
Labour J.H.W. Grant 16,713 29.57 -6.69
Liberal Paul Winner 13,632 24.12 +14.59
National Front E.J. Butterfield 1,399 2.48 N/A
Majority 8,059 14.26 -3.69
Turnout 56,516 82.13 +8.79
Registered electors 68,814
Conservative hold Swing -0.21
General Election 1970: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humphrey Atkins 27,266 54.21 +8.42
Labour P.L. Cheney 18,239 36.26 -4.46
Liberal R.H. Longland 4,792 9.53 -3.97
Majority 9,027 17.95 +12.88
Turnout 50,297 73.34 -7.55
Registered electors 68,579
Conservative hold Swing +6.99

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966

Electorate 60,676

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Beresford Craddock 22,473 45.79 -1.23
Labour Ronald G Wallace 19,986 40.72 +5.19
Liberal Nesta Wyn Ellis 6,624 13.50 -3.95
Majority 2,487 5.07 -6.42
Turnout 49,083 80.89 +0.76
Conservative hold Swing -4.03
General Election 1964: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Beresford Craddock 22,230 47.02 -12.54
Labour R.S. Stokes 16,797 35.53 -4.91
Liberal M.J. Hayes 8,252 17.45 N/A
Majority 5,433 11.49 -7.62
Turnout 47,279 80.13 -1.13
Registered electors 59,000
Conservative hold Swing -2.60

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Beresford Craddock 25,221 59.56 +1.20
Labour J.P. Carruthers 17,128 40.44 -1.20
Majority 8,093 19.11 +2.40
Turnout 42,349 81.26 +3.53
Registered electors 52,115
Conservative hold Swing +1.20

Since the boundary changes made with effect from this election, the constituency has had no major alteration.

General Election 1955: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Beresford Craddock 20,888 58.36 +7.44
Labour J.P. Carruthers 14,906 41.64 -7.44
Majority 5,982 16.71 +15.87
Turnout 35,794 77.73 -6.21
Registered electors 46,050
Conservative hold Swing +7.44
General Election 1951: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Beresford Craddock 31,031 50.92 +5.29
Labour A.E. Hunter 29,908 49.08 +3.51
Majority 1,123 1.84 +1.79
Turnout 60,939 83.94 +2.17
Registered electors 72,599
Conservative hold Swing +0.89

Boundary changes

General Election 1950: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Beresford Craddock 26,177 45.63 +9.11
Labour F.W. Temple 26,146 45.57 -6.39
Liberal Francis Joseph Halpin 5,048 8.80 -2.72
Majority 31 0.05 N/A
Turnout 57,371 81.77 +11.48
Registered electors 70,161
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +8.75

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Pargiter 28,064 51.96 +20.32
Conservative Ian Harvey 19,725 36.52 -31.84
Liberal Henry Kerby 6,222 11.52 N/A
Majority 8,339 15.44 N/A
Turnout 54,011 70.29 +12.33
Registered electors 76,840
Labour gain from Conservative Swing -27.08

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Blaker 30,153 68.36 -10.37
Labour Dr. B. Lytton-Bernard 13,957 31.64 +10.37
Majority 16,196 36.72 -20.75
Turnout 44,110 57.96 -10.38
Registered electors 76,110
Conservative hold Swing -10.38
General Election 1931: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Blaker 34,115 78.73 +29.37
Labour F.W. Temple 9,214 21.27 -9.48
Majority 24,901 57.47 +38.86
Turnout 43,329 68.34 -0.68
Registered electors 63,404
Conservative hold Swing +17.12

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Electorate expanded with the introduction of universal adult suffrage, with all women qualifying to vote at 21 (the same basis as for men) instead of on a property qualification from the age of 30.

General Election 1929: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Philip Edward Pilditch 19,177 49.36 -20.01
Labour F.Wilson Temple 11,946 30.75 +0.12
Liberal W.A.J. Hillier 7,727 19.89 N/A
Majority 7,231 18.61 -20.14
Turnout 38,850 69.02 +4.45
Registered electors 56,292
Conservative hold Swing -7.76
General Election 1924: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Pilditch 17,650 69.37 +2.96
Labour F.W. Temple 7,792 30.63 -2.96
Majority 9,858 38.75 +5.92
Turnout 25,442 64.57 +18.62
Registered electors 39,405
Conservative hold Swing +2.96
General Election 1923: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Pilditch 11,604 66.41 +1.73
Labour G.S. Cockrill 5,868 33.59 -1.73
Majority 5,736 32.83 +3.46
Turnout 17,472 45.95 -7.95
Registered electors 38,023
Conservative hold Swing +1.73
General Election 1922: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Pilditch 12,849 64.68 -13.04
Labour Archibald George Church 7,015 35.32 +20.19
Majority 5,834 29.37 -33.22
Turnout 19,864 53.90 +8.25
Registered electors 36,853
Conservative hold Swing -19.02

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Spelthorne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Philip Pilditch 12,423 77.72 N/A
Labour F.E. Horton 2,418 15.13 N/A
Independent A.W. Leonard 1,143 7.15 N/A
Majority 10,005 62.59 N/A
Turnout 15,984 45.65 N/A
Registered electors 35,018
Coalition Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The elected Conservative had majorities of less than 4,000 in 1997 and in 2001, of 2,500 in 1966, and of just 31 in 1950.
  4. ^ Retired at the 2010 general election amid controversy over his expenses claims: the second highest in later years.
References

Sources[edit]

  • Election result, 2010 (BBC)
  • Election result, 2005 (BBC)
  • Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
  • Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
  • Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
  • Election results, 1992 - 2010 (Guardian)
  • Election results, 1945 - 1979 (Politics Resources)
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • Britain Votes 4: British Parliamentary Election Results 1983-1987, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1988)
  • Britain Votes 5: British Parliamentary Election Results 1988-1992, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Parliamentary Research Services/Dartmouth Publishing 1993)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983).
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1974-1983, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1984)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′N 0°28′W / 51.42°N 0.46°W / 51.42; -0.46