Spencer, South Dakota

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Spencer, South Dakota
City
Location in McCook County and the state of South Dakota
Location in McCook County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°43′40″N 97°35′31″W / 43.72778°N 97.59194°W / 43.72778; -97.59194Coordinates: 43°43′40″N 97°35′31″W / 43.72778°N 97.59194°W / 43.72778; -97.59194
Country United States
State South Dakota
County McCook
Incorporated 1917[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Land 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,385 ft (422 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 154
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 155
 • Density 570.4/sq mi (220.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57374
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-60060
GNIS feature ID 1258228[5]

Spencer is a city in McCook County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 154 at the 2010 census. The city was almost completely destroyed by a violent F4 tornado on May 30, 1998 which killed 6.

Geography[edit]

Spencer is located at 43°43′40″N 97°35′31″W / 43.72778°N 97.59194°W / 43.72778; -97.59194 (43.727853, -97.592033).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2), all of it land.[2]

Spencer has been assigned the ZIP code 57374 and the FIPS place code 60060.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 332
1910 506 52.4%
1920 637 25.9%
1930 561 −11.9%
1940 617 10.0%
1950 552 −10.5%
1960 460 −16.7%
1970 385 −16.3%
1980 380 −1.3%
1990 317 −16.6%
2000 157 −50.5%
2010 154 −1.9%
Est. 2013 155 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[4]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 154 people, 60 households, and 47 families residing in the city. The population density was 570.4 inhabitants per square mile (220.2 /km2). There were 77 housing units at an average density of 285.2 per square mile (110.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.6% African American, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 60 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 42.7 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 1.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 24% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 157 people, 64 households, and 44 families residing in the city. The population density was 596.7 people per square mile (233.1/km²). There were 73 housing units at an average density of 277.4 per square mile (108.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.73% White, 0.64% Native American and 0.64% Asian.

There were 64 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,250, and the median income for a family was $34,688. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,164. About 7.0% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 14.8% of those sixty five or over.

Tornado[edit]

On May 30, 1998, the most destructive and second deadliest tornado in South Dakota history—and the most intensely observed and analyzed—struck Spencer. It began as a large, dust-cloaked tornado NW of Farmer, South Dakota in Hanson County, concurrent with the demise of the "Fulton" tornado. Continuing toward the ESE, it struck several farmsteads before crossing the Hanson/McCook County line a half mile WNW of Spencer. At this time, the tornado was being observed by the OU Doppler on Wheels crew, whose mobile Doppler radar data showed up to 246 mph winds in the tornado a few tens of meters above ground level.[8] The population of the town diminished soon after to less than half of what it was previous to the tornado, from 315 to 145 in April 1999.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]