|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
|Current season, competition or edition:
2014 Spengler Cup
Spengler Cup logo
|No. of teams||6 (group stage)|
|Countries||Switzerland (usually HC Davos), Canada, Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Sweden, various other European countries|
|Venue(s)||Vaillant Arena (Davos, Switzerland)|
|Most recent champion(s)||Genève-Servette HC (1)|
|Most titles||HC Davos (15)|
|TV partner(s)||SUI: Schweizer Fernsehen
Europe: Eurosport 2
RUS: RTR Sport
CAN: TSN & RDS
CZE / SVK: Nova Sport
|Founder||Dr. Carl Spengler|
The Spengler Cup is an annual ice hockey tournament held in Davos, Switzerland. First held in 1923, the Spengler Cup is often cited as the oldest invitational ice hockey tournament in the world. The event is hosted by the Swiss team HC Davos and played each year in Davos, Switzerland, between Christmas (December 25) and New Year's Day. Currently, all games are held at Vaillant Arena.
It was originally devised by Dr. Carl Spengler as a means to promote teams from German-speaking Europe, who might have suffered ostracism in the aftermath of World War I. Eventually, the tournament grew well beyond expectations. Many of Europe's most prestigious clubs and national programs have appeared, including Soviet, Swedish, Czechoslovak and German powerhouses.
Among non-European organizations, Team Canada, Team USA, nationally ranked NCAA schools, reigning AHL Calder Cup and Ontario Hockey Association champions, and even Team Japan (in 1971 as hosts of the upcoming Sapporo Winter Olympics) have traveled to Davos through the years.
The Spengler Cup is broadcast on Schweizer Fernsehen in Switzerland, on Eurosport 2 in most of Europe, on RTR Sport in Russia, on Nova Sport in the Czech Republic and Slovakia and on TSN and RDS in Canada.
The Cup was first awarded in 1923 to the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club, composed of Canadian students. The tournament was then dominated by Czechoslovak and Soviet teams between 1965 and 1983. In 1984 Team Canada began participating and has since won the Cup twelve times. Team Canada is predominantly made up of Canadians playing in Europe, as well as American Hockey League prospects. Notable free agents (like veteran goaltender Curtis Joseph) or coaches without an NHL contract have also used the Spengler Cup to keep their name around.
From its inception until 1978, the tournament was played on an outdoor rink. The outdoor rink still exists outside the indoor arena, and is one of the largest outdoor rinks in the world. Starting in 1978, all tournament games have been played indoors. 
A frequent point of contention among hockey observers discussing the Spengler Cup's relevance is the use of temporary reinforcements. Since the tournament is open to both clubs and national teams, a rule exists that allows club teams to hire up to four additional players (three skaters and one goaltender) for the duration of the competition. Prior to the 2010 edition, six reinforcement players (five skaters and a goaltender) were allowed per team. In practice, not all participants choose to take advantage of the rule to the same extent, and it works mostly to the host team's benefit. HC Davos, for whom the event is a significant source of income, tends to upgrade its roster with experienced talent in order to guarantee a competitive performance and maintain high interest from the Swiss audience. Other teams don't have such incentives to reinforce their squad and will often be much less selective.
Spengler Cup winners
- 1 Oxford University and LTC Prague play 0–0 after overtime. Both teams are declared winners.
- 2 Cup not held due to World War II.
- 3 Cup not held.
- 4 Cup not held.
|Club||Won||Runner-up||Years won||Years runner-up|
|HC Davos||15||25||1927, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1951, 1957, 1958, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2011||1924, 1925, 1926, 1929, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1969, 1981, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2012|
|Team Canada||12||9||1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012||1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010|
|LTC Prague||7||2||1929, 1930, 1932, 1937, 1946, 1947, 1948||1936, 1938|
|Dukla Jihlava||5||5||1965, 1966, 1968, 1978, 1982||1970, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1984|
|Spartak Moscow||5||1||1980, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1990||1982|
|Oxford University||4||1||1923, 1925, 1931, 1932||1934|
| SKA Leningrad /
SKA Saint Petersburg
|4||0||1970, 1971, 1977, 2010||–|
|Berlin SC||3||4||1924, 1926, 1928||1923, 1927, 1931, 1941|
|Zürcher SC||3||2||1944, 1945, 1952||1942, 1943|
|Diavoli Rossoneri Milano||3||1||1934, 1935, 1950||1958|
|ACBB Paris||3||0||1959, 1960, 1961||–|
|HC Slovan Bratislava1||3||0||1972, 1973, 1974||–|
|Färjestad BK||2||3||1993, 1994||1989, 1992, 1997|
|Sparta Prague||2||1||1962, 1963||2004|
|HC Milano Inter||2||0||1953, 1954||–|
|Lokomotiv Moscow||2||0||1967, 1969||–|
|Dynamo Moscow||2||0||1983, 2008||–|
|EV Füssen||1||5||1964||1952, 1954, 1959, 1961, 1962|
|Rudá Hvězda Brno||1||1||1955||1957|
|Krylya Sovetov Moscow||1||1||1979||1987|
|Czechoslovak Olympic Team||1||0||1975||–|
|VIK Västerås HK||0||1||–||1965|
|HC Lada Togliatti||0||1||–||1995|
|Salavat Yulaev Ufa||0||1||–||2007|
- 1 Slovakia was a part of Czechoslovakia at the time, so HC Slovan Bratislava represented both Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Socialist Republic
- 2 Ukraine was a Soviet republic at the time, so Sokil Kyiv represented both the Soviet Union and Soviet Ukraine
- 1 Includes hockey clubs from the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Third Czechoslovak Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the last Czech and Slovak Federal Republic based in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, and Czechoslovak national teams.
- 2 Includes hockey clubs from today's Russia and Ukraine, and Soviet national teams.
- 3 Includes hockey clubs from the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, Allied-occupied Germany, West Germany, and today's Bundesrepublik.
- 4 Includes CSKA Moscow's Cup win in 1991.
- The Isis, 23 Jan. 1924, page 19. (Future Prime Minister of Canada Lester Pearson was a member of the Oxford University team in the spring of 1923; however, he returned to Canada in the summer of 1923 and therefore did not compete in the first Spengler Cup played at the end of December 1923 and early January 1924. See: Pearson, Lester B. Mike : The Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972, page 50.)
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