spesmilo (pronounced , plural [spesˈmilo] spesmiloj ) is an obsolete [spesˈmiloi̯] decimal international currency, proposed in 1907 by René de Saussure and used before the First World War by a few British and Swiss banks, primarily the . Ĉekbanko esperantista
spesmilo was equivalent to one thousand spesoj, and worth 0.733 grams of pure gold (0.8 grams of 22 karat gold), which at the time was about one-half United States dollar, two shillings in Britain, one Russian ruble, or 2½ Swiss francs. On 17 November 2011, that quantity of gold would be worth about $40 USD, £26 GBP, [1 ] 1251 rubles, [2 ] and 37 Swiss francs. [3 ] [4 ]
The basic unit, the
speso (from Italian or German spesa Spesen; [5 ] spesmilo is Esperanto for "a thousand spesos"), was purposely made very small to avoid fractions.
The Spesmilo character, called
Spesmilsigno in Esperanto, is a monogram of a cursive capital "S", from whose tail emerges an "m". The currency sign is often [6 ] typeset as the separate letters Sm. The character has been assigned the [7 ] Unicode codepoint U+20B7 spesmilo sign (HTML:
₷ and is included in Unicode version 5.2. [8 ] [9 ]
See also [ edit ]
was another currency unit used by the stelo from 1942 to the 1990s. Universala Ligo An Esperanto version of the board game
Monopoly uses play money in denominations of spesmiloj. [10 ]
References [ edit ]
^ XE.com exchange rate XAU to USD. 17 November 2011.
^ XE.com exchange rate XAU to GBP. 17 November 2011.
^ XE.com exchange rate XAU to RUB. 17 November 2011.
^ XE.com exchange rate XAU to CHF. 17 November 2011.
^ Cherpillod, André (2007). Konciza Etimologia Vortaro (in Esperanto). Universala Esperanto-Asocio. p. 432. ISBN 9789290170822.
^ Proposal to encode the Esperanto SPESMILO SIGN in the UCS, by Michael Everson
^ Esperanto and the Dream of a World Currency
^ Proposed New Characters - Pipeline Table
^ Andrew West, BabelStone: What's new in Unicode 5.2?
External links [ edit ]