Sphincterochila cariosula

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Sphincterochila cariosula
Sphincterochila cariosula shell.jpg
Apertural view of the shell of Sphincterochila cariosula.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Sphincterochilidae
Subfamily: Sphincterochilinae
Genus: Sphincterochila
Species: S. cariosula
Binomial name
Sphincterochila cariosula
(Michaud, 1833)[1]
Synonyms

Helix cariosula Michaud, 1833

Sphincterochila cariosula is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Sphincterochilidae.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Sphincterochila cariosula cariosula (Michaud, 1833)
  • Sphincterochila cariosula hispanica (Westerlund, 1891) - synonym Helix hispanica. The subspecies is distributed in Spain.[2]

Distribution[edit]

The indigenous distribution of the species is Algeria.[2] The species was introduced to Vélez-Málaga in southern Spain and to western Mallorca in historical times.[3]

Shell description[edit]

The shell is subimperforate, carinate, globosely convex above, carious, somewhat flattened below, soiled white, with a tubercularly eroded filiform sutural carina. The shell has 5 somewhat flattened whorls. The upper margin of the aperture is subdeflected.[2] The width of the shell is 16–19 mm and the height is 11–15 mm.[3]

Habitat[edit]

Sphincterochila cariosula occurs in scrublands and in semideserts.[3]

References[edit]

This article incorporates public domain text from reference.[2]

  1. ^ Michaud A.-L.-G. [1833]. Catalogue des testacés vivans envoyés d'Alger par M. Rozet, capitaine au Corps Royal d'État-Major, au Cabinet d'Histoire Naturelle de Strasbourg. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Strasbourg 1: 1-22.
  2. ^ a b c d George Washington Tryon, Jr. 1887. Manual of Conchology. Second series: Pulmonata. Volume 3. Helicidae - Volume I. page 13-14.
  3. ^ a b c Species summary for Sphincterochila cariosula. AnimalBase, last modified 26-09-2008 by F. Welter Schultes, accessed 12 April 2009.

External links[edit]