Sphingomonadaceae

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Sphingomonadaceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Sphingomonadales
Family: Sphingomonadaceae
Kosako et al. 2000
Genera

Blastomonas
Citromicrobium
Erythrobacter
Erythromicrobium
Kaistobacter
Lutibacterium
Novosphingobium
Porphyrobacter
Sandaracinobacter
Sphingobium
Sphingomonas
Sphingopyxis
Zymomonas

Sphingomonadaceae are a family of the Alphaproteobacteria. An important feature is the presence of sphingolipids in the outer membrane of the cell wall.[1] The cells are ovoid or rod-shaped. Others are also pleomorphic, i.e. the cells change the shape over time. Some species are phototrophic.

Sphingomonadaceae are also known by the ability of some species to degrade some aromatic compounds. This makes the bacteria of interest to environmental remediation.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garrity, George M.; Brenner, Don J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Staley, James T. (eds.) (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. New York, New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6.
  2. ^ David L. Balkwill, J. K. Fredrickson und M. F. Romine:Sphingomonas and Related Genera In: The Prokaryotes, A Handbook of the Biology of Bacteria. Volume 7: Proteobacteria: Delta and Epsilon Subclasses. Deeply Rooting Bacteria ISBN 978-0-387-33493-6