Sphinx of Taharqo
|Discovered||Northern Dongola Reach|
|Present location||G65/10, British Museum, London|
The Sphinx of Taharqo is a granite gneiss statue of a sphinx with the face of Taharqo, a Nubian pharaoh who was one of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty (about 747-656 BC) rulers of Kush who also dominated Ancient Egypt. It is currently housed in the British Museum.
The statue is a sphinx, representing here the immense power of the Egyptian and Kushite pharaoh Taharqo, whose face is shown. The headdress bears with two uraei, the symbols of kingship, and Taharqo's name appears in a cartouche on the sphinx's chest. The statue is called "a masterpiece of Kushite art."
The statue was excavated at Temple T, in the area east of the south-eastern part of the Temple of Amun at Kawa (now Gematon), in Nubia (now Sudan), during excavations there by the Archaeological Mission of the University of Oxford during the 1930s. Construction of the stone temple was started in 683 BC by Taharqo.
The statue is a British Museum "Highlight" object and was selected as the twenty-second object in the series A History of the World in 100 Objects selected by British Museum director Neil MacGregor and broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 2010.
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- James, T.G.H. and Davies, W.V. Egyptian sculpture London: The British Museum Press, 1983
- Laming Macadam, M.F. The Temples of Kawa Oxford: 1949 (vol. I), 1955 (vol. II)
- Mysliwiec, Karol Royal Portraiture of the Dynasties XXI-XXX 1988: pp.33, 40
- Nicholson and Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology Cambridge, 2000, p. 34
- Phillips, T. (ed.), Africa London, 1995, p.49 [fig. 5)
- Strudwick, N. Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt London, 2006, pp. 262-3.
- Taylor, J.H. Egypt and Nubia London: The British Museum Press, 1991
- Welsby, D. A. The Kingdom of Kush. The Napatan and Meroitic Empires London: The British Museum Press, 1996
- "Sphinx of Taharqo". British Museum. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "A History of the World - Object : Sphinx of Taharqo". BBC. 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- British Museum page on the statue
- More detailed British Museum page
- BBC Radio 4's A History of the World in 100 Objects page on Taharqo's Sphinx
- This article is about an item held in the British Museum. The object reference is EA 1770 / Reg No. 1932,0611.1.