Spider-Man in other media
|Adaptations of Spider-Man in other media|
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Original source||Comics published by Marvel Comics|
|First appearance||Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962)|
|Novel(s)||Spider-Man: Mayhem in Manhattan (1978)
Spider-Man: The Venom Factor (1994)
Spider-Man Super Thriller: Midnight Justice (1996)
Spider-Man: Down These Mean Streets (2005)
|Reference book(s)||The Amazing Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide (2007)|
|Films and television|
Spider-Man 2 (2004)
Spider-Man 3 (2007)
The Amazing Spider-Man (2012)
The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014)
The Amazing Spider-Man (1977)
Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends (1981)
Spider-Man Unlimited (1999)
Spider-Man: The New Animated Series (2003)
The Spectacular Spider-Man (2008)
Ultimate Spider-Man (2012)
|Play(s)||Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark (2010)|
|Radio show(s)||Spider-Man: From Beyond The Grave (1972)|
|Soundtrack(s)||"Ode to a Superhero" (2003)|
|Video game(s)||Spider-Man (1982)
The Amazing Spider-Man (1990)
Ultimate Spider-Man (2005)
Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions (2010)
Spider-Man is a fictional comic book character who has been adapted in various media.
Spider-Man has been adapted to television many times, as a short-lived live-action television series, a Japanese tokusatsu series, and several animated cartoon series. There were also the "Spidey Super Stories" segments on the PBS educational series The Electric Company, which featured a Spider-Man (played by Danny Seagren) who did not speak out loud but instead used only word balloons.
- From 1978 to 1979, Nicholas Hammond starred as Peter Parker/Spider-Man in the live-action television series The Amazing Spider-Man. The short-lived series, which had started out as a TV-movie in 1977, was created before the popular The Incredible Hulk television series of the same decade, and ran for two abbreviated seasons consisting of 13 episodes during the 1977/1978 and 1978/1979 seasons. The series concluded with a two-hour episode on July 6, 1979.
- Takuya Yamashiro (山城拓也 Yamashiro Takuya?) is Spider-Man in the Japanese Spider-Man television series, produced by Toei Company.
- Two Spider-Man cartoons aired on television in 1981: the syndicated series Spider-Man which ran for one twenty-six episode season, and the more popular Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, which aired on the NBC network for three seasons (ultimately totaling twenty-four episodes).
- Perhaps as a bit of foreshadowing, Spider-Man's hand appears shooting a web to save a citizen in the third season X-Men episode "Phoenix Saga (Part 5): Child of Light". This episode aired just months before the web-swinger's longest-running show, Spider-Man, which ran for five seasons from 1994–1998, totaling 65 episodes, on Fox Broadcasting's afternoon programming block, "Fox Kids" (in this series, Spider-Man was voiced by Christopher Daniel Barnes in the English version, and by Toshiyuki Morikawa in the Japanese dub, who later played Venom in the Japanese dub of Spider-Man 3). That series continued as Spider-Man Unlimited the following year.
- A small reference is made to Spider-Man in the X-Men: Evolution episode "On Angel's Wings", when Angel is seen reading the Daily Bugle, the place Spider-Man/Peter Parker usually works.
- In the Iron Man animated series when a hacker causes H.O.M.E.R., the Starks' artificial intelligence to malfunction he mentions Peter Parker.
- In 2003, MTV aired Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, a 13-episode Spider-Man CGI series based loosely on the film continuity, developed by Mainframe Entertainment.
- Italian Spiderman, an Australian film parody of Italian action–adventure films of the 60s and 70s, first released on YouTube in 2007.
- A new series, The Spectacular Spider-Man, premiered on March 8, 2008 and lasted 2 seasons. Spider-Man/Peter Parker was voiced by Josh Keaton.
- Ultimate Spider-Man began airing on Disney XD in 2012. Peter Parker/Spider-Man is voiced by Drake Bell.
- Spider-Man appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes episode "Along Came a Spider...", voice reprised by Drake Bell. Originally it was Josh Keaton to reprise his role from The Spectacular Spider-Man. Spider-Man re-appears in the episode "New Avengers", as a member of the New Avengers, along with Luke Cage, War Machine, Wolverine, Iron Fist and the Thing. Spider-Man assumes the leadership of the team, frees the Avengers and manages to defeat Kang the Conqueror. After the battle, he officially joins the Avengers as a reserve member. Spider-Man returns in the season two finale of episode "Avengers Assemble!" alongside Earth's Mightiest Heroes in the battle against Galactus and his heralds.
- Spider-Man appears in the summer 2013 animated special Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel with Drake Bell reprising his role.
- Spider-Man appears in Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. episode "The Collector", voiced again by Drake Bell. He teams-up with the Hulk to defeat the Collector.
- In the pilot episode for Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., Skye references the line "With great power, Comes great responsibility" with the line "With a great power, comes... a ton of weird crap you are not prepared to deal with!" to Mike Peterson.
All of the official Spider-Man films rank among the list of highest-grossing films.
- Nicholas Hammond portrayed Peter Parker/Spider-Man on-screen in the 1970s TV movies The Amazing Spider-Man, Spider-Man Strikes Back and Spider-Man: The Dragon's Challenge.
- A film based on the Toei spider man TV seires was shown at the Toei Manga Matsuri film festival on July 22, 1979. It was released on VHS in the 80's and on DVD in 2004.
- During the production of the X-Men movie, Spider-Man made a brief cameo appearance in an outtake during the scene when Cyclops, Wolverine, Jean and Storm head in to the inside of the Statue of Liberty.
- The Green Goblin's Last Stand: a 1992 fan film, based on The Amazing Spider-Man comic book story "The Night Gwen Stacy Died", directed, written, and starring actor-stuntman Dan Poole. It was acclaimed for its high-risk stunts and guerrilla marketing.
- Spider-Man: On May 3, 2002, the feature film Spider-Man was released. It was directed by Sam Raimi and stars actor Tobey Maguire as Peter Parker. The film uses various CGI effects to bring Spider-Man to life. Although the film adaptation took liberties with the character's history and powers—notably, he was bitten by a genetically modified rather than a radioactive spider (an idea originating with Ultimate Spider-Man), had organic web-shooters rather than mechanical ones, and had a long-standing crush on Mary Jane Watson—it generally held true to the character and was widely embraced by the viewing public. It opened at a record US$114.8 million and earned more than US$403 million in the U.S. and Canada, the highest North American gross of any film released that year, though surpassed internationally (see 2002 in film). The villain of this film was the Green Goblin portrayed by Willem Dafoe.
- Spider-Man 2 was 2004's second-most financially successful movie in North America and third internationally (see 2004 in film). It premiered in more North American movie theaters (4,152) than any previous movie. Its original opening day was July 2, 2004, but was moved to June 30, 2004. Its first-day gross (US$40.5 million) surpassed its predecessor's US$39.4 million record. Spider-Man 2 was also the first motion picture released in the Sony Universal Media Disc format for the PlayStation Portable, included free with the first one million PSP systems released in the United States. The villain of the film was Doctor Octopus, portrayed by Alfred Molina.
- Spider-Man 3 began production in 2005 under director Raimi. The studio released the film on May 4, 2007, on a budget reported to be more than US$250 million. The film features three villains: the Sandman/Flint Marko (portrayed by Thomas Haden Church), the New Goblin/Harry Osborn (portrayed by James Franco), and Venom/Eddie Brock (portrayed by Topher Grace). Bryce Dallas Howard plays Gwen Stacy. The plot centers on Peter and MJ's relationship problems, which are exacerbated by the arrival of an alien symbiote that takes over Spider-Man's costume and, despite enhancing his powers, also amplifies his anger, arrogance and other negative personality traits. Despite mixed reviews by critics, Spider-Man 3 opened to record-breaking sales with $59 million on its first day.
- The Amazing Spider-Man began production in December 2010 and was directed by Marc Webb from a screenplay by James Vanderbilt, Alvin Sargent, and Steve Kloves. Avi Arad and Laura Ziskin produced the 3D film released on July 3, 2012. Andrew Garfield assumed the role of Peter Parker. The film featured the villain Dr. Curt Connors/The Lizard played by Rhys Ifans and the love interest Gwen Stacy portrayed by Emma Stone.
- A sequel The Amazing Spider-Man 2 was announced in August 2012, Garfield, Stone, Field and Sheen are reprising their roles with Jamie Foxx, Dane DeHaan, Paul Giamatti, Colm Feore, Felicity Jones & Chris Cooper joining the cast. Production began in February 2013 for a May 2, 2014 release date.
- Sony Pictures announced that they had set release dates for the next two Spider-Man films. A third film was set for release on June 10, 2016, and a fourth for May 4, 2018. Sony also announced two spin-offs of the film series will focus on Spider-Man villains Venom and the Sinister Six. Sony had pushed back the third and fourth Spider-Man films, with their intended release dates respectively taken by an adaptation of the video game Uncharted and an untitled Marvel Studios film.
Novels and books
Spider-Man features in three original Marvel novels published in the 1970s by Pocket Books -- Mayhem in Manhattan by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman, and Crime Campaign and Murder Moon, both by Paul Kupperberg. In the 1990s, Byron Preiss published a series of novels based on Marvel Comics, edited by Keith R. A. DeCandido, and written by various authors including Adam-Troy Castro, Tom DeFalco, and Diane Duane; Preiss also published two Spider-Man short-story anthologies. Byron Preiss' license eventually lapsed, and the new licensee, Pocket Star (an imprint of Pocket Books), released Down These Mean Streets, by DeCandido, in 2005. In 2006, they released The Darkest Hours by Jim Butcher, and in 2007, Drowned in Thunder by Christopher L. Bennett. Some of the Preiss novels were team-ups with other Marvel characters (including the X-Men, Iron Man, and the Hulk), while others were solo adventures. The Byron Preiss novels shared a common continuity and occasionally referenced events in earlier novels, while later novels included a time-line.
A number of Spider-Man children's books have also been published, from early readers and picture books to novels. Guide books include DK Publishing's Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide, by Tom DeFalco and Spider-Man: Inside the World of Your Friendly Neighborhood Hero by Matthew K. Manning.
The daily newspaper comic strip The Amazing Spider-Man debuted on January 3, 1977. Produced by Marvel and syndicated by the Register and Tribune Syndicate through 1985, Cowles Media Company in 1986, and King Features Syndicate since, the comic strip was successful in an era with few serialized adventure strips. The strip slowly grew in circulation and as of 2012 is still being published. It was first written by Spider-Man co-creator Stan Lee and illustrated by John Romita, Sr.. Stan Lee's brother, Larry Lieber, illustrated and later wrote the strip for much of its run. In 1992, Paul Ryan took over the penciling (with Joe Sinnott inking) on the Sunday version of the strip and drew that feature for three years. Since 1997, the daily strips are pencilled by Larry Lieber and inked by Alex Saviuk, while the Sunday strips are pencilled by Saviuk and inked by Joe Sinnott. In recent years, Roy Thomas has provided a non-credited script assist to Stan on the strip, with Roy writing of his role in the strip recently in his editorials within his ALTER-EGO magazine/fanzine published by TwoMorrows .
Early story arcs in the newspaper strip were paced much like a comic book, and a complete story unfolded in about 2 months of Sunday and daily strips. While the strip and the comic book feature the same characters, they do not share the same continuity. The strip differs from the established story lines of the comic books, most notably in the villains who Spider-Man fights and the women who Peter Parker dates. Many villains were introduced that have never appeared in other media, including the Rattler, a man who acquired snakelike characteristics. A rare exception was the 1987 wedding of Peter Parker and Mary Jane Watson which occurred in both the comic book and the comic strip.
On December 31, 2008, the strip announced major changes. The following day, the strip underwent a reboot restoring Peter Parker as an unmarried young man living alone in a renovated apartment, attending college, and dating longtime best friend Mary Jane whenever she is available. On January 3, it was revealed in a caption that the timeline of the rebooted strip is set "in the days before Peter and Mary Jane were married". On May 24, 2009, the marriage was restored to the dailies, with the previous storyline involving Electro having been revealed to be a dream. The revelation dawns on Peter as Mary Jane walks out of the shower, paying homage to the infamous cliffhanger of Dallas involving the return of Patrick Duffy as Bobby Ewing, while at the same time taking a jab at the mainstream comics' storyline One More Day. Currently, the strip is the only place where fans can still read of a happily married Peter and Mary Jane.
Panini Publishing UK published The Daily Adventures of the Amazing Spider-Man in the United Kingdom in 2007. The black-and-white trade paperback collection reprints the first two years of the newspaper strip.
Marvel has published two hardcover volumes of newspaper strips, reprinting stories from 1977-1980. The first, Spider-Man Newspaper Strips Volume 1, was published in 2009, reprinting stories by Stan Lee and John Romita, Sr. Spider-Man Newspaper Strips Volume 2 was published in 2011, reprinting stories by Lee, Romita, and Larry Lieber.
In 1995, BBC Radio commissioned a Spider-Man audio book which aired on BBC Radio 1 over 50 episodes on week days between January 15, 1996 and March 24, 1996. The performance was co-produced by Brian May, who also contributed to the musical arrangement and wrote and performed the theme tune.
The scope of the story included a number of familiar characters from the Spider-Man comic books as well as key figures from the Marvel Universe such as the Fantastic Four, Namor the Submariner, and Doctor Doom. The role of Spider-Man was performed by William Dufries. The cast list included EastEnders star Anita Dobson.
Spider-Woman motion comics
|This article is outdated. (June 2011)|
At the Butlins family entertainment resorts in the UK a musical titled Spider-Man On Stage played in 1999. The show contained music by Henry Marsh and Phil Pickett and a book and lyrics by David H. Bell. The original cast album by Varios Records runs 44 minutes.
In 2002, the company 2MA produced the first live-action Spider-Man stunt show, staged in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The same show played at Thorpe Park in Surrey, England in 2003 and 2004. Spider-Man has also made stage appearances in Pantomime at the Birmingham Hippodrome Theatre and the Churchill Theatre, Bromley, United Kingdom. In 2003 a similar stage show called Spider-Man Live! toured North America.
At Universal Studios Hollywood in Los Angeles, a musical stage version (loosely based on the 2002 live-action film and based on the comics) titled Spider-Man Rocks! was produced, combined singing and action stunt sequences similar to a Broadway musical. The attraction ran from May 2002 to August 2004, when it was replaced by Fear Factor Live! Because it is loosely based on the 2002 film, Green Goblin is basically in his comic book form instead of his movie form.
A Broadway musical titled Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark opened at the Foxwoods Theatre in New York on June 14, 2011. The show is directed by Julie Taymor and features music by Bono and The Edge. The production stars Reeve Carney, Jennifer Damiano, T.V. Carpio and Patrick Page. The much-in-the-news troubled musical, is the most expensive piece of live theatre to date, and features high-flying action sequences and stunts. It holds the record for the most preview performances, with 182 before its opening.
Dozens of computer and video games starring Spider-Man, based on comics, animation, and movies, have been released for over 15 different gaming platforms. Spider-Man editions of Monopoly, chess, pinball, and many other games have also been made. Spider-Man has been included in every Marvel expansion of the tabletop miniature game Heroclix released to date. Spider-Man cards have been included in both the Overpower and VS System card games.
The Amazing Spider-Man, a puzzle-oriented action game developed by Oxford Digital Enterprises and released in 1990 for the Amiga, then later ported to PC:DOS, Commodore 64, and Atari ST. The title was published by Paragon Software Corporation and features over 250 screens.
In 1990, The Amazing Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin, developed and published by Sega, premiered on the Sega Master System and was later ported to the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1991, the Sega Game Gear in 1992, and the Sega Mega-CD in 1993. Fundamentally, the game is the same on each platform with each iteration including new levels, enhanced graphics and a few incremental improvements to the game play. The story involves Spider-Man trying to collect six keys from six villains to defuse a bomb in New York planted by the Kingpin. Spider-Man has a finite supply of webfluid and the only way to replenish is to take photos, most profitably of the supervillains, to sell to the Daily Bugle.
The Amazing Spider-Man is the title of a video game released for the original Nintendo Game Boy. It was published in 1990 by LJN Ltd. (a subsidiary of Acclaim), and developed by Rare. It is a platform side scrolling action game. The game play involves running across New York chasing supervillains to locate Mary Jane Watson.
The Amazing Spider-Man 2 was released the following year and was developed by B.I.T.S. The game is a side-scrolling beat-'em up. Spider-Man attempts to clear his name after he is accused of a crime committed by the Hobgoblin. In 1993, B.I.T.S. released the third in the series titled, The Amazing Spider-Man 3: Invasion of the Spider-Slayers.
As well as various games based on the Spider-Man license, Spider-Man has also appeared in a few cross-over titles. He appears as a guest character in X-Men: Mutant Academy 2 and Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2, as well as appearing in both Marvel: Ultimate Alliance games. He is also a playable character in Capcom's series of Marvel-based fighting games, first appearing in Marvel Super Heroes as well as every game in the Marvel vs. Capcom series of games starting from Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter. While not appearing in the main series due to licensing issues, Spider-Man appears in Marvel Super Hero Squad, Marvel Super Hero Squad: The Infinity Gauntlet, and Marvel Super Hero Squad Online as a playable character. He appears as a playable character in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
According to ToyFare magazine, more action figures of Spider-Man have been released than any other character except Batman. The first major Spider-Man toy was the 1966 Captain Action Spider-Man by the Ideal Toy Company, a costume made for the 12-inch (300 mm) Captain Action figure. It is estimated only 17-22 exist in the original box. ToyFare listed this Spider-Man as the most valuable action figure at $15,000 and up.
Numerous other Spider-Man action figures have been produced, from the Secret Wars line from Mattel, to the more recent from Toy Biz and Hasbro, (especially in the Spider-Man Classics line, Spider-Man movie lines, and the Marvel Legends line). Lego and Minimates versions have also been made. Over 8,000 toys, collectibles and miscellaneous memorabilia are in existence.
- Death Battle, episode: "Batman vs Spider-Man" – A YouTube series by ScrewAttack which pits two fictional characters in a virtual simulated battle to the death like that of Deadliest Warrior. Both Batman and Spider-Man fought a hypothetical battle, and Spider-Man won.
Real-life "Spider-Men" include:
- "Spider Dan" Goodwin climbed the glass of two Chicago skyscrapers, the Sears Tower and the John Hancock Center, using suction cups in 1981.
- Alain Robert, nicknamed "Spider-Man", is a rock and urban climber who has scaled more than 70 tall buildings using his hands and feet, without using additional devices. He sometimes wears a Spider-Man suit during his climbs. In May 2003, he was paid approximately $18,000 to climb the 312-foot (95 m) Lloyd's building to promote the premiere of the movie Spider-Man on the British television channel Sky Movies.
- Fathers 4 Justice member David Chick used a Spider-Man outfit to obtain publicity for fathers' rights in London.
- Sonchai Yoosabai, a firefighter in Thailand, is considered a real-life Spider-Man. He rescued an 8-year old boy with autism from falling off the ledge of a building by scaling it with no ropes and then rescuing the boy.
- Goodgion, Laurel F.; Jana Varlejs (ed.) (1978). Young Adult Literature in the Seventies: A Selection of Readings. The Scarecrow Press. p. 348. ISBN 0-8108-1134-0.
- Fickett, Travis; Goldman, Eric; Iverson, Dan; Zoromski, Brain (May 3, 2007). "Spider-Man on TV - We look back at the history of the web slinger on the small screen". IGN. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1995). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present Sixth Edition. Ballantine Books. p. 37. ISBN 9780345397362.
- David, Peter; Greenberger, Robert (2010). The Spider-Man Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles Spun from Marvel's Web. Running Press. pp. 168 and 170. ISBN 0762437723. "In 1981, Spider-Man saw something of a banner year: he actually had competing animated series."
- David and Greenberger p. 173: "It was notable...for being the first and thus far [as of 2010] only Spidey animated series to be done as CGI."
- "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel Preview". Marvel Comics. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Disney Announces Japanese, Animated Marvel Disk Wars Series". Comic Book Resources. October 23, 2013. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014.
- Sciretta, Peter (January 19, 2010). "Marc Webb To Direct New Spider-Man Trilogy!?". /Film. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
- "It's Official! Andrew Garfield to Play Spider-Man!". CraveOnline. July 1, 2010. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Sony Sets Release Dates for 3rd and 4th Spider-Man Films!". ComingSoon.net. June 17, 2013. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013.
- McClintock, Pamela (June 17, 2013). "Sony Sets Release Dates for Third and Fourth Amazing Spider-Man Films". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013.
- Patten, Dominic (December 13, 2013). "Sony Sets Spider-Man Spinoffs Venom, Sinister Six With New 'Franchise Brain Trust'". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
- Kit, Borys (January 6, 2014). "Forget Franchises: Why 2014 Will Be Hollywood's Year of the 'Shared Universe'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014.
- Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (July 23, 2014). "Spider-Man Villains Movie Sinister Six Gets Nov. 2016 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014.
- McClintock, Pamela (July 23, 2014). "Marvel Snaps Up Old Spider-Man 4 Date, Likely for Avengers 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014.
- Saffel, Steve (2007). "A Novel Approach". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-84576-324-4. "Spider-Man led the way when Simon and Shuster published Mayhem in Manhattan by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman, under the Pocket Books imprint."
- DeFalco, Tom (2001). Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide. Dorling Kindersley. p. 168. ISBN 978-0789479464.
- Manning, Matthew K. (2012). Spider-Man: Inside the World of Your Friendly Neighborhood Hero. Dorling Kindersley. p. 200. ISBN 978-0756690892.
- Saffel, "An Adventure Each Day", p. 116: "On Monday January 3, 1977, The Amazing Spider-Man comic strip made its debut in newspapers nationwide, reuniting writer Stan Lee and artist John Romita."
- Bails, Jerry; Ware, Hames. "Lieber, Larry". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- Keefe, Jim; Mietus, John (n.d.). "Interview: John Romita". Keefe Studios. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- Lee, Stan; Romita, Sr., John (1980). The Amazing Spider-Man #1. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0671834890.
- Lee, Stan; Romita, Sr., John (1980). The Amazing Spider-Man #2. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0671834906.
- Lee, Stan; Romita, Sr., John (2007). The Daily Adventures of the Amazing Spider-Man. Panini Comics. ISBN 978-1905239320.
- Lee, Stan; Romita, Sr., John (2009). Spider-Man Newspaper Strips Volume 1. Marvel Comics. p. 344. ISBN 978-0785137931.
- Lee, Stan; Romita, Sr., John; Lieber, Larry (2011). Spider-Man Newspaper Strips Volume 2. Marvel Comics. p. 312. ISBN 9780785149422.
- Maggs, Dirk (2009). "The Amazing Spiderman". DirkMaggs. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Gans, Andrew (August 10, 2010). "Reeve Carney, Jennifer Damiano, Patrick Page to Star in Spider-Man; Performances Begin in November". Playbill. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013.
- Glenday, Craig, ed. (2012). Guinness World Records 2013. Jim Pattison Group. p. 222. ISBN 978-1904994879.
- "Character Reveals for Marvel Universe LIVE!". Marvel Comics. November 25, 2013. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014.
- "The Amazing Spider-Man". Moby Games. December 30, 2008. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "Death Battle! Batman vs Spider-Man". ScrewAttack. August 10, 2012. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Cobb, Jocelyn (September 19, 1999). "Recalls 1921 climb of 'human spider'". The Augusta Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Sacks, Glenn (November 11, 2003). "In Defense of Spiderman". GlennSacks.com. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2006.
- Kistler, Alan (March 25, 2009). "A Real Life Superhero, Spider-Man Saves Boy In Thailand". MTV. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2009.
- King Features: The Amazing Spider-Man (comic strip official site)