Spijkenisse

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Spijkenisse
Municipality
Square in Spijkenisse
Square in Spijkenisse
Flag of Spijkenisse
Flag
Coat of arms of Spijkenisse
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Spijkenisse in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°20′E / 51.850°N 4.333°E / 51.850; 4.333Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°20′E / 51.850°N 4.333°E / 51.850; 4.333
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Mirjam Salet (PvdA)
Area[2]
 • Total 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi)
 • Land 26.12 km2 (10.08 sq mi)
 • Water 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)
Elevation[3] −1 m (−3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 72,545
 • Density 2,777/km2 (7,190/sq mi)
Demonym Spijkenissenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3200–3209
Area code 0181
Website www.spijkenisse.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Spijkenisse (place), as of Sept. 2014

Spijkenisse (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 72,545 in 2014, and covers an area of 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) of which 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi) is water. It is part of the Rotterdam Metropolitan Area.

The municipality also includes the communities of Hekelingen, Den Hoek and Beerenplaat.

Spijkenisse is twinned with Thetford, United Kingdom, and Hürth, Germany.

History[edit]

Archeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.

The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (Spit (landform)) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.[5]

Spijkenisse formed as a farmers and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581 the area came under the control of the Count of Holland.[6]

In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth.

Public transportation[edit]

Spijkenisse has a connection to the city of Rotterdam by Rotterdam Metro lines C and D, through Spijkenisse Centrum, Heemraadlaan, and De Akkers stations.

There are also several bus services operated by Connexxion.

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester Mirjam Salet" [Mayor Mirjam Salet] (in Dutch). Gemeente Spijkeniss. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3201EL". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Gemeente Spijkenisse". Spijkenisse.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  6. ^ Spijkenisse Online - geschiedenis[dead link]

External links[edit]