Lavandula latifolia

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Lavandula latifolia
Spike lavender
Lavandula latifolia DehesaBoyalPuertollano.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Lavandula
Species: L. latifolia
Binomial name
Lavandula latifolia
Medik.
Synonyms
  • Lavandula spica subsp. latifolia Bonnier & Layens [1894]
  • Lavandula latifolia var. tomentosa Briq. [1895]
  • Lavandula latifolia var. erigens (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy [1909]
  • Lavandula interrupta Jord. & Fourr. [1868]
  • Lavandula inclinans Jord. & Fourr. [1868]
  • Lavandula guinandii Gand. [1875]
  • Lavandula erigens Jord. & Fourr. [1868]
  • Lavandula decipiens Gand. [1875]
  • Lavandula cladophora Gand..[1]
  • Nard rustique, italien Panckoucke, Dictionnaire des sciences médicales, vol. 35 [1819]
  • [1]
Lavandula latifolia.

Lavandula latifolia, known as Spike lavender or Portuguese lavender, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the western Mediterranean region, from central Portugal to northern Italy (Liguria) through Spain and southern France. Hybridization can occur in the wild with English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia).

The scent of Lavandula latifolia is stronger, with more camphor, and more pungent than Lavandula angustifolia scent. For this reason the two varieties are grown in separate fields.

Description[edit]

Lavandula latifolia is a strongly aromatic shrub growing to 30–80 cm tall. The leaves are evergreen, 3–6 cm long and 5–8 mm broad.

The flowers are pale lilac, produced on spikes 2–5 cm long at the top of slender, leafless stems 20–50 cm long. Flowers from June to September depending on weather.

The fruit is a nut, indehiscent, monosperm of hardened pericarp. It consists of 4 small nuts which often remain locked inside the calyx tube. Grows from 0 to 1,700 m amsl.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The species name latifolia is Latin for "broadleaf". The genus name Lavandula simply means lavender.

Chemical composition[edit]

Uses[edit]

Lavandula latifolia exhibits has the same medicinal properties as common lavender (L. angustifolia)[citation needed] and it can be used in aromatherapy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinonimia en Tela Botánica
  2. ^ Bolòs and Vigo Flora dels Països Catalans Barcelona 1990

Bibliography[edit]

  • Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine, Expanded Commission E Monographs. Integrative Medicine Communications, Newton. First Edition, 2000.
  • Grases F, Melero G, Costa-Bauza A et al. Urolithiasis and phytotherapy. Int Urol Nephrol 1994; 26(5): 507-11.
  • Paris RR, Moyse H. Matière Médicale. Masson & Cia., Paris; 1971. Tome .
  • PDR for Herbal Medicines. Medical Economics Company, Montvale. Second Edition, 2000.

External links[edit]

  • Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine, Expanded Commission E Monographs. Integrative Medicine Communications, Newton. First Edition, 2000.
  • Grases F, Melero G, Costa-Bauza A i cols. Urolithiasis and phytotherapy. Int Urol Nephrol 1994; 26(5): 507-11.
  • Paris RR, Moyse H. Matière Médicale. Masson & Cia., Paris; 1971. Tome .
  • PDR for Herbal Medicines. Medical Economics Company, Montvale. Second Edition, 2000.