Spinoreticular tract

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Spinoreticular tract
Details
Latin tractus spinoreticularis
Identifiers
TA A14.1.02.231
FMA FMA:75693
Anatomical terminology

The spinoreticular tract is an ascending pathway in the white matter of the spinal cord, positioned closely to the lateral spinothalamic tract. The tract is from spinal cord—to reticular formation[1]— to thalamus.

It is responsible for automatic responses to pain, such as in the case of injury.

Pathway[edit]

The spinoreticular tract utilizes four levels of neurons, unlike most ascending tracts which have first- through third-order neurons. The tract begins with first-order neurons, which immediately synapse with second-order neurons in the posterior horn of the spinal column. These neurons decussate to the opposite side (anterolateral), and travel up the spinal column. It terminates in the brainstem at the medullary-pontine reticular formation. Information is sent from there to the intradmedian nucleus of the thalamic intralaminar nuclei. The thalamic intralaminar nuclei project diffusely to entire cerebral cortex where pain reaches conscious level and promotes behavioral arousal.

It is still undetermined if the spinoreticular tract possesses ipsilateral fibers in addition to those that decussate. It is hypothesized that during development the tract was bilateral, but that the ipsilateral synapses became ineffective during development.

References[edit]

  • Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2010.
  • Mense, Siegfried & Gerwin, Robert D. Muscle Pain: Understanding and Mechanisms. New York: Springer. 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Mark L. Latash (2008). Neurophysiological Basis of Movement. Human Kinetics. p. 171. ISBN 9780736063678. 
  • Richard S. Snell (2005). Clinical Neuroanatomy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 150. ISBN 9780781759939.