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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Trematoda
Subclass: Digenea
Order: Strigeidida
Suborder: Strigeata
Superfamily: Schistosomatoidea
Family: Spirorchiidae
Rao, 1933

Spirorchiidae is a family of digenetic trematodes. They are parasites of turtles. Disease caused by them is commonly called spirorchiidiosis.


Genera in the family Spirorchiidae include:


Some species of spirochiids are parasites of freshwater snail Indoplanorbis exustus.[2]

Cardiovascular parasites Learedius learedi, Hapalotrema postorchis, Monticellius indicum and Amphiorchis solus are parasiting in Caribbean green turtles (Chelonia mydas).[3]

Spirhapalum siamensis is parasiting in the heart of Malayan box turtle (Cuora amboinensis).[1]


  1. ^ a b Tkach, V. V.; Snyder, S. D.; Vaughan, J. A. (2009). "A New Species of Blood Fluke (Digenea: Spirorchiidae) from the Malayan Box Turtle, Cuora amboinensis (Cryptodira: Geomydidae) in Thailand". Journal of Parasitology 95 (3): 743–746. doi:10.1645/GE-1858.1. PMID 19093710. .
  2. ^ Liu, L.; Mondal, M. M.; Idris, M. A.; Lokman, H. S.; Rajapakse, P. V. J.; Satrija, F.; Diaz, J. L.; Upatham, E. S.; Attwood, S. W. (2010). "The phylogeography of Indoplanorbis exustus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Asia". Parasites & Vectors 3: 57. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-3-57. .
  3. ^ Santoro, M.; Morales, J. A.; Rodríguez-Ortíz, B. (2007). "Spirorchiidiosis (Digenea: Spirorchiidae) and lesions associated with parasites in Caribbean green turtles (Chelonia mydas)". The Veterinary record 161 (14): 482–486. PMID 17921440. .

Further reading[edit]