Spirostreptida

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Not to be confused with Spirobolida.
Spirostreptida
Orthoporus spp New Mexico.jpg
Orthoporus sp. (Spirostreptidae) from North America
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Diplopoda
Subclass: Chilognatha
Infraclass: Helminthomorpha
Superorder: Juliformia
Order: Spirostreptida
Brandt, 1833
Families

10: see text.

Spirostreptida is an order of long, cylindrical millipedes. There are approximately 1000 described species,[1] making Spirostrepida the second largest order of millipedes after Polydesmida.

Description[edit]

Spirostreptida are generally large, long and cylindrical, with 30 to 90 body rings. Eyes are present in most.[2] This order contains the longest millipedes known: the giant African millipedes of the genus Archispirostreptus that may exceed 30 centimetres (12 in).[2]

Distribution[edit]

Spirostrepitda contains mainly tropical species, and occurs in Africa, Southern Asia to Japan, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere from the United States to Argentina.[3]

Classification[edit]

The order comprises two suborders, Cambalidea and Spirostreptidea, the latter further divided into two superfamilies.[1]

Cambala minor (Cambalidae), a cave-millipede from eastern North America

Suborder Cambalidea

Cambalidae
Cambalopsidae (includes the former Glyphiulidae and Pericambalidae)[1]
Choctellidae
Iulomorphidae
Pseudonannolenidae

Suborder Spirostreptidea

Superfamily Odontopygoidea
Atopogestidae
Odontopygidae
Superfamily Spirostreptoidea
Adiaphorostreptidae
Harpagophoridae
Spirostreptidae

Select species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shear, W. (2011). "Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 159–164. 
  2. ^ a b "Diagnostic features of Millipede Orders". Milli-PEET Identification Tables. The Field Museum, Chicago. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Shelley, Rowland M. (1999). "Centipedes and Millipedes with Emphasis on North American Fauna". The Kansas School Naturalist 45 (3): 1–16. 

External links[edit]