Split-Dalmatia County

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Split-Dalmatia County
Splitsko-dalmatinska županija
County
Flag of Split-Dalmatia County
Flag
Coat of arms of Split-Dalmatia County
Coat of arms
Split-Dalmatia County (light orange) within Croatia (light yellow)
Split-Dalmatia County (light orange)
within Croatia (light yellow)
County seat Split
Government
 • Župan Zlatko Ževrnja[1] (HDZ)
Area[2]
 • Total 4,540 km2 (1,750 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 454,798
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Area code 021
ISO 3166 code HR-17
Website http://www.dalmacija.hr

Split-Dalmatia County (Croatian: Splitsko-dalmatinska županija) is the central-southern Dalmatian county in Croatia. The administrative center is Split. The population of the county is 455,242 (2011). The land area is 4540 km2.

Physically, the county is divided into three main parts: an elevated hinterland (Dalmatinska zagora) with numerous karst fields; a narrow coastal strip with high population density; and the islands. Parts of the Dinaric Alps, including Dinara itself, form the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina while the Kozjak, Mosor and Biokovo mountains separate the coastal strip from the hinterland.

The most important economic activity is tourism. Manufacturing and agriculture are in decline.

The county is linked to the rest of Croatia by the newly built four-lane Split-Zadar-Karlovac-Zagreb highway and the Lika railway. Split-Kaštela international airport is used mostly by tourist charter flights in the summer. There is also a smaller paved airfield on the island of Brač.

In the hinterland, the larger towns are Sinj (pop. 11,500 town, 25,373 with villages), Imotski (4,350) and Vrgorac (2,200).

Besides the largest city, Split (189,000 city proper, 240,000 including Kaštela and Solin), the towns on the coast are Trogir (11,000), Omiš (6,500) and Makarska (13,400).

On the islands, the populations are smaller due to high levels of emigration, but are still mostly urban in character. The main townships are: Supetar (3,300) on the island of Brač; Hvar town (3,700) and Stari Grad (1,900) on Hvar; and Vis town (1,800) and Komiža (1,500) on Vis.

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Split-Dalmatia County has population of 454,798. Croats make up an absolute majority with 97.08% of the population.[3]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1857 164,242 —    
1869 182,405 +11.1%
1880 195,741 +7.3%
1890 222,030 +13.4%
1900 249,867 +12.5%
1910 268,187 +7.3%
1921 274,522 +2.4%
1931 292,321 +6.5%
1948 296,840 +1.5%
1953 314,933 +6.1%
1961 339,686 +7.9%
1971 389,277 +14.6%
1981 436,680 +12.2%
1991 474,019 +8.6%
2001 463,676 −2.2%
2011 454,798 −1.9%
census data [1]

History[edit]

The name Dalmatia comes from an Illyrian tribe called the Dalmatae who inhabited in the area of the eastern Adriatic coast in the 1st millennium BC. It was part of the Illyrian kingdom between the 4th century BC until the Illyrian Wars in the 220s BC and 168 BC when the Roman Republic established its protectorate south of the river Neretva. Dalmatia as geographical name was in usage probably from the second half of the 2nd century BC for the area in the eastern Adriatic coast between Krka and Neretva rivers.[4][5] It was slowly incorporated into Roman possessions until the province of Illyricum was formally established c. 32-27 BC.

Dalmatia became part of the Roman province of Illyricum. In 9 AD, the Dalmatians raised the final of a series of revolts[6] together with the Pannonians, but it was finally crushed, and in 10 AD, Illyricum was split into two provinces, Pannonia and Dalmatia which spread into larger area inland to cover all of the Dinaric Alps and most of the eastern Adriatic coast.[7] Dalmatia was the birthplace of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, who constructed Diocletian's Palace in the core of what is now present day Split.[8]

Administrative division[edit]

Split-Dalmatia County is divided:

Town / municipality Population[9]
(2011 census)
Area (km2)
Cities and towns
Hvar 4,251 75.50
Imotski 10,764 73.25
Kaštela 38,667 57.67
Komiža 1,526 48.00
Makarska 13,834 28.00
Omiš 14,936 266.20
Sinj 24,826 181.00
Solin 23,926 18.37
Split 178,102 79.33
Stari Grad 2,781 52.59
Supetar 4,074 30.00
Trilj 9,109 267.00
Trogir 13,192 39.10
Vis 1,934 52.00
Vrgorac 6,572 284.00
Vrlika 2,177 243.00
Municipalities
Baška Voda 2,775 19.00
Bol 1,630 23.00
Brela 1,703 20.00
Cista Provo 2,335 98.00
Dicmo 2,802 68.00
Dugi Rat 7,092 10.80
Dugopolje 3,469 63.50
Gradac 3,261 49.00
Hrvace 3,617 210.00
Jelsa 3,582 146.28
Klis 4,801 176.10
Lećevica 583 87.66
Lokvičići 807 31.11
Lovreć 1,699 105.25
Marina 4,595 108.80
Milna 1,034 35.00
Muć 3,882 210.80
Nerežišća 862 79.00
Okrug 3,349 9.80
Otok 5,474 95.00
Podbablje 4,680 41.76
Podgora 2,518 52.00
Podstrana 9,129 11.52
Postira 1,559 47.00
Prgomet 673 77.23
Primorski Dolac 770 31.23
Proložac 3,802 85.60
Pučišća 2,171 106.00
Runovići 2,416 60.21
Seget 4,854 77.90
Selca 1,804 53.00
Sućuraj 463 44.65
Sutivan 822 22.00
Šestanovac 1,958 88.90
Šolta 1,700 5,898
Tučepi 1,931 16.00
Zadvarje 289 13.40
Zagvozd 1,188 124.09
Zmijavci 2,048 13.82
Split-Dalmatia total 455,798 4,572.00

County government[edit]

Current Župan (prefect): Zlatko Ževrnja (HDZ)

The county assembly is composed of 51 representatives, organized as follows:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Splitsko-dalmatinska županija > Ustroj > Župan > Više o Županu". dalmacija.hr. Split-Dalmatia County. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2013). "Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2013" [2013 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) 45: 56. ISSN 1334-0638. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  4. ^ S. Čače, Ime Dalmacije u 2. i 1. st. Prije Krista
  5. ^ Radovi Filozofskog Fakulteta u Zadru, godište 40 za 2001. Zadar, 2003, pages 29,45.
  6. ^ Charles George Herbermann, The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference (1913)
  7. ^ M. Zaninović, Ilirsko pleme Delmati, pages 58, 83-84.
  8. ^ Michael Hogan, "Diocletian's Palace", The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Oct 6, 2007
  9. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°10′N 16°30′E / 43.167°N 16.500°E / 43.167; 16.500