The first Split Pride took place on the 11th of June 2011, and was organised by three NGOS; two LGBT organisations Kontra and Iskorak, and a feminist organisation 'Dominoes'. Split is the second largest city in Croatia, and the reasons behind this pride parade were the increasing demands and needs of the LGBT community. There were concerns about the public reaction as Split is considered to be a conservative city, and there was never a doubt that this would be a major step for the Croatian LGBT movement. Around 300 participants marched through the streets of the city. The police were accused of not doing enough to protect the participants, and violence broke out with around 10 000 anti-gay protesters throwing rocks, tin cans, tomatoes, tear gas and glass bottles at the LGBT activists. Some of the activists and some reporters were slightly injured in the riot. Marie Cornelissen, a member of the Parliament of Europe, condemned the violent protesters. The activists were led to safety, and several hundred anti-gay protesters were arrested, so the pride had to be cancelled.
Soon after, Split Pride media led the campaign to support the LGBT community, calling everyone to "march in the upcoming Zagreb Pride". Four days before the Zagreb Pride march, organizers met with President Ivo Josipović. About a week after the Split Pride took place, the 10th Zagreb Pride march took place. Around 4000 people marched while many of the bystanders loudly supported the LGBT community. It was the biggest Pride rally in Croatia at the time and took place without violence thanks to the efficient police protection.
Slogan for the first Split Pride was Croatian: Različite obitelji, jednaka prava meaning "Different families, same rights".
The second Split Pride took place on 9 June 2012 and it was more successful then the one previous year. Around 700 participants marched, with some of them being from foreign countries such as Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, the Netherlands, Australia, Germany and the US. This pride enjoyed major support from the Croatian media, celebrities, and politicians. On 1 June 2012 President Ivo Josipović has published a video message giving support for 2012 Split Pride and further expansion of LGBT rights. He has also condemned violence at 2011 Split Pride, saying that it was unacceptable and that the next Split Pride should not experience same scenario. Five ministers from the government participated; Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Vesna Pusić, Minister of Administration Arsen Bauk, Minister of Construction and Physical Planning Ivan Vrdoljak, Minister of the Interior Ranko Ostojić, and Minister of War Veterans Predrag Matić. Other notable participants include Mladen Badovinac who is a member of famous Croatian band TBF, Predrag Matvejević, Rajko Grlić, Nenad Puhovski, Damir Urban, Zlatko Gall, Jurica Pavičić, Viktor Ivančić, Ante Tomić, Boris Dežulović etc. Following a chaos of previous year police made sure that there is no violence at this pride. 911 policemen were recruited, alongside a helicopter and two Water cannons. Many bystanders showed support for the pride, while opponents were unable to approach the participants. Live stream of the Pride was broadcast by Nova TV on their website. Interestingly, at the same time as Split Pride took place, over 300 citizens of the third largest Croatian city Rijeka marched in support for the Split Pride and LGBT rights.
The third Split Pride took place on 8 June 2013. Over 500 participants marched the streets of Split. Two ministers from the government participated; Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Vesna Pusić, Minister of Administration Arsen Bauk, along with some celebrities who participated the year before. This pride was significant as it was the first time in Croatia that a mayor of the city where the pride took place participated. Ivo Baldasar, a member of the ruling SDP, has attained the office one day before the pride. He supported full equality of the same-sex relationships before the law, and confirmed that the city council will help to open the first LGBT centre in the city. The number of policemen and security was lower than previous years, and this pride, to everybody's satisfaction, took place without a single incident. Many bystanders and tourists applauded and supported the pride.
|Year||Dates||Pride name||Motto||Theme||Estimated attendance|
|2011||June 11||Split Pride 2011||Different families, same rights (Različite obitelji, jednaka prava)||LGBTIQ families||300|
|2012||June 9||Split Pride 2012||Equality before the law (Jednake/-i pred zakonom!)||Life Partnership Act||700|
|2013||June 8||Split Pride 2013||Full equality (Potpuna ravnopravnost!)||Inclusion of same-sex families in the Family law||300|
|2014||June 7||Split Pride 2014||Full equality (Potpuna ravnopravnost!)||Identical to previous year's theme||200|
The Role of the Roman Catholic Church in Croatia in promoting violence
The Roman Catholic Church in Croatia showed extreme and virulent homophobia, at times by promulgating violence against LGBT individuals. This was done, among other, by two lecturers at Roman Catholic seminaries and colleges, one Dr. Adalbert Rebić, who explains the violence as: "they got what they were asking for"., as well as Ante Mateljan, professor of the Catolic Theology College, who openly called for lynching LGBT marchers quo vede: hic
Other LGBT prides in Croatia
Zagreb was the first city in Croatia to have its LGBT pride. It took place in 2002 and has become an annual event. On 30 June 2014 it was officially announced that the fourth biggest city in Croatia Osijek will have its first pride held on 6 September 2014.
||This article uses bare URLs for citations, which may be threatened by link rot. (June 2013)|
- Ivica, Profaca (11 June 2011). "Split Cordon Hate". Danas (in Croatian). Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- "Say 'NO' to violence, join Zagreb Pride!". Index.hr (in Croatian). 17 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- "Organisers of Zagreb Pride meet with President". Croatian Times. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- "Udruga Domine". Domine.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "SPLIT U LIPNJU DOMAĆIN GAY PRIDEA Kerum: Neka svatko radi što želi > Slobodna Dalmacija > Hrvatska". Slobodnadalmacija.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Split Pride održat će se 11. lipnja". tportal.hr. 2011-01-13. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- [dead link]
- "Gay.hr". Gay.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Drugi Split Pride je uspio - može se kad se hoće". tportal.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Više od 300 Riječana marširalo u znak podrške Split Prideu". tportal.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Lesbian group Kontra". Kontra.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "'Da je ovako bilo '91. rat bi trajao 6 sati, a ne 6 godina'". Dnevnik.hr. 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Uhićene 73 osobe, protiv 60 podnijete prekršajne prijave". tportal.hr. 2012-10-06. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- [dead link]
- "mobile.net.hr". Danas.net.hr. Retrieved 2013-08-24.