|Sponge toffee, cinder toffee, golden crunchers, hokey pokey|
|Brown sugar, corn syrup (or molasses or golden syrup), baking soda|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
Honeycomb toffee, sponge toffee or cinder toffee is a sugary toffee with a light, rigid, sponge-like texture. Its main ingredients are typically brown sugar, corn syrup (or molasses or golden syrup in the Commonwealth) and baking soda, sometimes with an acid such as vinegar. The baking soda and acid react to form carbon dioxide which is trapped in the highly viscous mixture. When acid is not used, thermal decomposition of the baking soda releases carbon dioxide. The lattice structure is formed while the sugar is liquid, then the toffee sets hard.
In some regions it is often made at home, and a popular recipe for children. It is also made commercially and sold in small blocks, or covered in chocolate, popular examples being the Crunchie or Violet Crumble bar.
Honeycomb toffee is known by a wide variety of names including:
- cinder toffee in Britain
- honeycomb in South Africa, Australia and Britain
- puff candy in Scotland
- hokey pokey in New Zealand (especially in the Kiwi classic Hokey Pokey ice cream).
- sponge candy ("tire éponge") in Canada, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, St. Paul, Minnesota, Western New York, and Northwest Pennsylvania, USA
- sea foam in Maine, Washington, Oregon, Utah, California and Michigan, USA
- fairy food candy or angel food candy in Wisconsin, USA
In other cultures
The same confection is a traditional sweet in Japan known as karumeyaki (カルメ焼き), from Portuguese caramelo + yaki (to bake). It is typically hand-made, and often sold by street vendors. In Hungary, it is known as törökméz (Turkish honey) and commonly sold at town fairs.
- Connelly, Andy (2010-09-24). "The science and magic of cinder toffee | Andy Connelly | Science | guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Food - Honeycomb recipes". BBC. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- S.W.R.I. (1977). S.W.R.I. Jubilee Cookery Book. Edinburgh: Scottish Women's Rural Institutes; Reprint of 8th Edition (1968), p179
- "Papers Past — Evening Post — 19 December 1927 — THE TRUANT STAR". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1927-12-19. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- By Chelsea's team of cooks, added 25 May 2011 (2011-05-25). "Chelsea Sugar - Hokey Pokey". Chelsea.co.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Hokey Pokey - New Zealand Kids Recipe at KiwiWise". Kiwiwise.co.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Popular Kiwi recipes – pavlova, anzac biscuits, roast lamb, pikelets etc". Kiwianatown.co.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Sponge Candy: Chocolate, With a Center of Honeycomb". BuffaloChow.com. January 1, 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Two local chocolate makers battle over use of 'fairy food'". JSOnline.com. December 22, 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2013.