Spongia

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Spongia
Spongia officinalis 001.JPG
Spongia officinalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Dictyoceratida
Family: Spongiidae
Genus: Spongia
Linnaeus, 1759
Species

Over 50, see text

Warm-temperate distribution of the genus Spongia.png
Global distribution of Spongia species

Spongia is a genus of marine sponges in the family Spongiidae, originally described by Linnaeus in 1759, containing more than 50 species.[1] Some species, including Spongia officinalis, are used as cleaning tools, but have mostly been replaced in that use by synthetic or plant material.

Classification[edit]

Spongia contains at least 50 valid species, many of which are divided into several subgenera. Most species are in the subgenus Spongia (Spongia).[1]


Subgenus Spongia


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Soest, R. (2014). Spongia. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131759 on 2014-04-25