Spongivore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A spongivore is an organism that feeds primarily on animals of the Phylum Porifera, commonly called sea sponges.

Examples[edit]

The hawksbill turtle is one of the few animals known to feed primarily on sponges. It is the only known spongivorous reptile.[1] Sponges of various select species constitute up to 95% of the diets of Caribbean hawksbill turtle populations.[2]

Pomacanthus imperator, the emperor angelfish, is a known spongivorous coral reef fish.[3][4]

Certain species of nudibranchs are known to feed selectively on specific species of sponges.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Species Booklet: Hawksbill sea turtle". Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service. Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries. Retrieved 2007-02-06. 
  2. ^ Meylan, Anne (1988-01-12). "Spongivory in Hawksbill Turtles: A Diet of Glass". Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science) 239 (4838): 393–395. doi:10.1126/science.239.4838.393. JSTOR 1700236. PMID 17836872. 
  3. ^ Thacker, Robert W.; Mikel A. Becerro, Wilfred A. Lumbang, and Valerie J. Paula (1997-08-19). "Allelopathic interactions between sponges on a tropical reef" (http://www.sciencemag.org/content/239/4838/393Scholar search). Ecology (Ecological Society of America) 79 (5): 1740–1750. doi:10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[1740:AIBSOA]2.0.CO;2. Retrieved 2007-02-16.  http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079%5B1740:AIBSOA%5D2.0.CO;2
  4. ^ Ferreira, C. E. L.; S. R. Floeter, J. L. Gasparini, B. P. Ferreira and J. C. Joyeux (2004). "Trophic structure patterns of Brazilian reef fishes: a latitudinal comparison". Journal of Biogeography (Blackwell Publishing) 31 (7): 1093–1106. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01044.x. Retrieved 2007-02-16.