Sporormiella

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Sporormiella
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
Order: Pleosporales
Family: Sporormiaceae
Genus: Sporormiella
Ellis & Everh.
Type species
Sporormiella nigropurpurea
Ellis & Everh.

Sporormiella is a genus of fungi in the family Sporormiaceae.[1] Species of the genus are obligately coprophilous, occurring on the dung of domestic livestock as well as wild herbivores.[2] The genus is distributed across boreal and temperate regions of the world, and contains about 80 species.[3] The spores have characteristic features–they are dark brown, septate and have a pronounced sigmoid germination pore, which enables their use in paleoecology as a proxy for the abundance of grazing mammals.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007". Myconet (The Field Museum, Department of Botany, Chicago, USA) 13: 1–58. 
  2. ^ Ahmed SE, Cain RF. (1972). "Revision of the genera Sporormia and Sporormiella". Canadian Journal of Botany 50 (3): 419–77. doi:10.1139/b72-061. 
  3. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 658. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  4. ^ Davis OK, Shafer DS. (2005). "Sporormiella fungal spores, a palynological means of detecting herbivore density". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 237: 40–50. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.11.028. 
  5. ^ Williams JJ, Gosling WD, Coe AL, Brooks SJ. (2011). "Four thousand years of environmental change and human activity in the Cochabamba basin, Bolivia". Quaternary Research. online: 58. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2011.03.004. 

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