Sport in Azerbaijan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sport in Azerbaijan has ancient roots, and even now, both traditional and modern sports are still practiced. Freestyle wrestling has been traditionally regarded as Azerbaijan's national sport, however today, the most popular sports in Azerbaijan are football and chess.[1]

History[edit]

Sport in Azerbaijan has ancient roots, and even now, both traditional and modern sports are still practiced. Freestyle wrestling has been traditionally regarded as Azerbaijan's national sport, in which Azerbaijan won up to fourteen medals, including four golds since joining the National Olympic Committee. Currently, the most popular sports include football and chess.[2]

Types of sports[edit]

Backgammon[edit]

Main article: Backgammon

Backgammon is a game that has ancient roots in the Persian Empire and plays major role in Azerbaijani culture.[3] This game is very popular in Azerbaijan and widely played among the local public.[4] There are also different variations of backgammon developed and analysed by Azerbaijani experts.[5]

Chess[edit]

Main article: Chess in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan men's chess team

Azerbaijan is known as one of the chess superpowers and despite the collapse of the Soviet Union, chess is still extremely popular.[6][7] Although he left Azerbaijan at an early age, long term world champion Gary Kasparov was born in Baku. Notable chess players of Azerbaijan includes Teimour Radjabov, Shahriyar Mammadyarov, Vugar Gashimov and Zeinab Mamedyarova. Azerbaijan has also hosted many international chess tournaments and competitions and became European Team Chess Championship winners in 2009.[8]

In 2009, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev issued an order to improve development of chess in the Azerbaijan from 2009 to 2014 period.[9]

Football[edit]

Football is the most popular sport in Azerbaijan, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan with 9,122 registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.[10][11] The national football team of Azerbaijan demonstrates relatively low performance in the international arena compared to the nation football clubs. The most successful Azerbaijani football clubs are Neftchi Baku, Baku, Inter Baku, Qarabağ, Gabala and Khazar Lankaran. In 2012, Neftchi Baku became the first Azerbaijani team to advance to the group stage of a European competition, beating APOEL of Cyprus 4-2 on aggregate in the play-off round of the 2012-13 UEFA Europa League.[12][13]

The 1960s are considered the Golden Age for Azerbaijani football, as they produced great players like Anatoliy Banishevskiy, Alakbar Mammadov and football referee Tofiq Bahramov, who is most famous for being a linesman who helped to award a goal for England in the 1966 World Cup Final between England and West Germany.[14]

The top football teams in Azerbaijan are FK Baku, PFC Neftchi Baku, FK Karabakh and Khazar Lankaran.

On March 19, 2010, Azerbaijan won the bid to host the 2012 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup.[15]

Atlético Madrid players with kits stating "Azerbaijan Land of Fire"

The current shirt sponsor of Atlético Madrid is Azerbaijan which aims to develop football in Azerbaijan based on agreement between Spanish club and FK Baku.

Futsal[edit]

Azerbaijan achieved far more success in futsal than football. In the late 1980s, it was here that influenced the creation of the Russian futsal club MFK Dina Moskva, who dominated the futsal in post-Soviet countries during the 1990s.[16] The Azerbaijan national futsal team reached fourth place in the 2010 UEFA Futsal Championship, while domestic club Araz Naxçivan clinched bronze medals at the 2009–10 UEFA Futsal Cup and 2013–14 UEFA Futsal Cup.[17]

Martial arts[edit]

Martial arts like judo have also brought many medals to this country, namely Elnur Mammadli who conquered gold at the European Championships and 2008 Summer Olympics in the -73 kg category. However, his Olympic opponent, Wang Ki-Chun, suffered ribcage fracture when Brazil's Leandro Guilheiro hit him with an elbow in the quarterfinal.[18] Movlud Miraliyev won the bronze medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics and World Judo Championships in 2003.[19]

Rhythmic gymnastics[edit]

In recent years, rhythmic gymnastics developed rapidly in Azerbaijan. Many Azerbaijani rhythmic gymnasts such as Aliya Garayeva, Anna Gurbanova and Dinara Gimatova are among the leading rhythmic gymnasts in the world.

Rugby union[edit]

Azerbaijani rugby player Zahid Sadmaliyev ("Zaza")

Volleyball[edit]

Azerbaijan is one of the leading volleyball countries in the world and its Azerbaijan Women's Volleyball Super League is one of strongest women leagues in world. Its women national team won the forth place at the 2005 European Championship.[20] Over the last years, clubs like Rabita Baku and Azerrail Baku achieved great success at European cups.[21] Azerbaijani volleyball players include likes of Valeriya Korotenko, Oksana Parkhomenko, Inessa Korkmaz, Natalya Mammadova and Alla Hasanova.

Ivan Dyachkov played the key role in the development of Azerbaijani volleyball in 1946–1947 years. Under his supervision, Azerbaijani men's volleyball team frequently gained victories in the 1950s. With the boost of the interest in volleyball n the country in 1950's a number of very strong volleyball players emerged in Azerbaijan. They were drafted to the USSR teams and participated at the European and World Championships. There was an Azerbaijani volleyball player in the staff of the USSR team ranked 3rd at the World Championship in Paris in 1956. Two years later, Azerbaijani volleyball player Ogtay Agayev won the bronze at the European Championship.

Coach Shamil Shamkhalov made great efforts for the development of the women's volleyball in Azerbaijan. In 1956 six students of Shamkhalov won the USSR Youths championship. Three years later Shamil muallim went to Moscow with boys' and girls' teams to participate at the All-union School Spartakiad. Both teams won the championship. In 1962 18-years old Inna Riskal was drafted to the USSR team to participate at the World Championship. With the only loss to the Japanese the team ranked 2nd. Inna, who became one of the key players in the USSR team participated in four Olympiads and captured two gold medals and two silver medals. Another Azerbaijani volleyball player Vera Lantratova won the Olympiad in 1972. Vera Lantratova and Inna Riskal, being members of the USSR team, often participated at the World and European Championships, winning various titles. Inna Riskal was considered one of the three strongest woman volleyball players of the century.

At the beginning of the 1960s two Azerbaijani women's teams, "Neftchi" and "Mahsul" participated at the USSR Championship. In 1966, the national women's volleyball team won the USSR Championship bronze medal.

After the appointment to the position of chief coach in 1986 Faig Garayev laid the foundation for the restoration of women's volleyball in Azerbaijan. A year after, our team entered the major league. Ranked 9th in 1989 and 3rd in 1990 the team won its first awards. The women from Baku won the last USSR Championship in 1991.

In 1992-1993 the team participated at European Top-Team Cup competitions as an independent nation's team and took the 2nd place. Azerbaijani team ranked 1st at the 1993 Bulgaria World Championship elimination stage, won the "Bahar" cup in Rumania in 1994, and ranked 9th at the same year's World Championship thus joining the list of the world's 10 strongest women's teams.

Wrestling[edit]

Wrestling remains a historically important sport of Azerbaijan and often even referred to as its national sport.[22]

Both freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling, particularly freestyle, are popular in Azerbaijan.

With a history of great wrestlers, such as Namig Abdullayev, Farid Mansurov, Rovshan Bayramov, and Mariya Stadnik, Azerbaijan is considered among the elite nations in this sport.Azerbaijan Wrestling Federation was established in 1959 as part of the USSR Wrestling Federation. After Azerbaijan Wrestling Federation was established in 1993, and officially admitted to the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles at FILA Headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland in the same year. During 1993-1997, Etibar Sardar oglu Mammadov was the President, Abbas Aydin oglu Abbasov the Vice President and Khanmirza Khanbala oglu Malikaliyev the Chief Scorer of the Azerbaijan Wrestling Federation.AWF conference is held every four years. During the regular conference held in 1997, Abbas Aydin oglu Abbasov was elected the President, Cavanshir Kazim oglu Qurbanov the First Vice President and Khanmirza Khanbala oglu Malikaliyev the Chief Scorer of AWF. Functional vice presidents (Mammad Ibrahimov, Chingiz Quliyev, Oleq Krapivin, Mammad Musayev, Arif Hasanov, and Oktay Huseynov were elected) carried out their activities within the Federation.

Olympic Games[edit]

Azerbaijan first participated at the Olympic Games as an independent nation in 1996, and has sent athletes to compete in every Games since then.

The National Olympic Committee of the Azerbaijani Republic made bids for Baku to host the 2016 Olympics and 2020 Olympics

References[edit]

  1. ^ Культура, традиции и искусство (Russian)
  2. ^ "Sport". Expatwoman.com. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Backgammon History (Russian)
  4. ^ Нарды – игра, требующая сноровки и удачи (Russian)
  5. ^ История Нард (Russian)
  6. ^ World Chess Champion
  7. ^ Шахматы в Азербайджане (Russian)
  8. ^ Azerbaijan’s chess team became European champion
  9. ^ President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev issues order for approval of “State Program for development of chess in Azerbaijan in 2009-2014”
  10. ^ "Azərbaycanda nə qədər futbolçu var?". news.milli.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Football in Azerbaijan". www.fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  12. ^ ""Нефтчи" стал первым азербайджанским футбольным клубом, вышедшим в групповой этап еврокубков - ФОТО". 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "ЦСКА вылетел из еврокубков". UEFA (in Russian). uefa.com. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  14. ^ Тофик Бахрамов станет одним из героев фильма, посвященного ЧМ-2006 (Russian)
  15. ^ "FIFA Executive Committee approves special funding for Chile and Haiti" (Press release). FIFA.com. 2010-03-19. Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  16. ^ Укрепленный "Араз" (Russian)
  17. ^ "Araz clinch third place on penalties". UEFA. April 25, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2010. [dead link]
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Эльнур Мамедли начнет выступать на международной арене после ЧЕ (Russian)
  20. ^ "More than just Mammadova: Azerbaijan’s ladies cause World Championship upset". www.fivb.org. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  21. ^ "Vakıfbank women achieve historic success, winning intercontinental volleyball trophy". www.hurriyetdailynews.com. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  22. ^ Sport History in Azerbaijan