Sport in India
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Field hockey is considered the national sport in India, and the country has won eight Olympic gold medals in field hockey, though cricket is the most popular sport. Recent RTI revealed that India has no National game though people used to say it was hockey. After the 1982 Asian Games hosted in New Delhi, the capital city (New Delhi) now has modern sports facilities, and similar facilities are also being developed in other parts of the country. India has hosted and co-hosted several international sporting events. Such events include the 1951 and 1982 Asian Games, the 1987, 1996 and 2011 Cricket World Cup, the 2003 Afro-Asian Games, the 2010 Hockey World Cup and the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Major international sporting events annually held in India include the Chennai Open, Mumbai Marathon, Delhi Half Marathon, and the Indian Masters. In 2011 India also hosted its first Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit, an Indian motor racing circuit in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
The National Games of India is the current domestic sports event of the country held since 1924. India is also home to cricket's Indian Premier League, launched in 2008. According to Forbes magazine, IPL is the second richest sporting league after the NBA.
International sports events held in India are:
Before independence 
The history of sports in India dates back to the Vedic era. Physical culture in ancient India was fed by a powerful fuel: religious rights.
There were some well-defined values like the mantra in the Atharva-Veda, saying, "Duty is in my right hand and the fruits of victory in my left". In terms of an ideal, these words hold the same sentiments as the traditional Olympic oath: "For the Honour of my Country and the Glory of Sport."
Badminton probably originated in India as a grown up's version of a very old children's game known in England as battledore and shuttlecock, the battledore being a paddle and the shuttlecock a small feathered cork, now usually called a "bird."
Games like chess, snakes and ladders, playing cards, and polo had originated as sports in India and it was from here that these games were transmitted to foreign countries, where they were further modernized.
After independence 
After the IX Asian Games in New Delhi in 1982, the capital city now has modern sports facilities. Such facilities are also being developed in other parts of the country. Besides sports and games included in the international sporting agenda, there are many which have developed indigenously. Among these are wrestling and several traditional systems of martial arts. The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports was initially set up as the Department of Sports in 1982 at the time of organisation of the IX Asian Games in New Delhi. Its name was changed to the Department of Youth affairs & sports during celebration of the International Youth Year, 1985.
India has hosted or co-hosted several international sporting events, such as the 1951 and the 1982 Asian Games, the 1987 and 1996 Cricket World Cup, the 2003 Afro-Asian Games, the 2010 Hockey World Cup, and the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Major international sporting events annually held in India include the Chennai Open, Mumbai Marathon, Delhi Half Marathon, and the Indian Masters. The country hosted the 2011 Cricket World Cup and the first Indian Grand Prix in 2011.
Administration and funding 
Political responsibility for sport in India is with the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports which is headed by a cabinet minister and managed by National Sport Federations. Sports Authority of India the field arm of the Ministry, supports and nurtures talent in youth, and provides them with requisite infrastructure, equipment, coaching facilities and competition exposure. Dorabji Tata with the support of Dr.A.G.Noehren then Director of YMCA established the Indian Olympic Association in 1927. IOA is responsible for the Indian continent’s participation in the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games (Outdoor-Indoor-Beach), and South Asian Games. Each Olympic and Non-Olympic Sport has a Federation at the National level.
The selection of the National teams is done by the respective National Federations and then recommend to IOA for official sponsorship for participation in the Games being conducted under the auspicious of the International Olympic Committee, Olympic Council of Asia, Commonwealth Games Federation, and SAG. A special feature of the Indian Olympic Association is that, the National Federations and the State Olympic Associations are affiliated/recognized to it. The main task of the State Olympic Associations is to Promote the Olympic Sport and to ensure coordination among the State Sports Associations. In 2010-11, total Budget for sports and physical education schemes is 3117.69 crore (US$570 million). Hockey, in which India has an impressive record with eight Olympic gold medals, is officially the national sport. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and the Arjuna Award are India's highest awards for achievements in sports, while the Dronacharya Award is awarded for excellence in coaching.
India has been criticized for neglecting women in sports, as depicted in "Chak de India" where women's sports associations are under-sponsored and out of funds.
Marius Hengst´mag Indien 
India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with an athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals in athletics. The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Olympic Games ever since. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games since 1964. India has won a total of 20 medals at the Olympic Games. India won its first gold medal in Men's field hockey in the 1928 Olympic Games. Abhinav Bindra became the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games, and India's first gold medal since 1980, when the men's field hockey team won the gold.
India is remarkable among nations for having won very few Olympic medals, despite a population exceeding one billion, around half of them under the age of 25. Numerous explanations have been offered for the dearth, including poverty, malnutrition, widespread vegetarianism, neglected infrastructure, the lack of sponsorship, the theft of money and equipment, political corruption, institutional disorganisation, social immobility, the predominance of cricket, and other cultural factors.
According to several informal statistics, India is a country in the world with the lowest number of total Olympic medals per capita (of those countries those have actually won at least one medal).
In the Winter Olympic Games, India has seen 4 consecutive representations, Nagano (Japan, 1998), Salt Lake City (USA, 2002), Torino (Italy, 2006), and Vancouver (Canada, 2010) through Shiva Keshavan, who is the current Asian Champion.
* IOC regards this medal is credited to India, and International committees credits to Great Britain.
Field hockey 
Field hockey was considered to be the national game of India, but this has been recently denied by the Government of India, clarifying on a RTI filed that India has not declared any sport as the national game.
Until the mid-1970s, India dominated international field hockey, winning eight Olympic gold medals and won the inaugural Men's Hockey World Cup held in 1975. Since then, barring a gold medal in the 1980 Olympics, India's performance in field hockey has been dismal, with other hockey-playing nations such as Australia, Netherlands and Germany improving their standards and catching up with India. Its decline is also partly due to the internal politics in Indian field hockey bodies. Its popularity has also declined massively in parallel to the decline of the Indian hockey team. In recent times, the standard of Indian hockey has gone form from bad to worse, with the Indian hockey team not qualifying for the 2008 Olympics and finishing last in the recent 2012 Olympics. Currently, the Indian team is 11th in the FIH rankings.
India has hosted 2 Hockey World Cups- one in 1982 at Mumbai and another in 2010 at Delhi, where they finished fifth and eighth respectively. It has also hosted the annual Hockey Champions Trophy in 1996 and 2005.
Until 2008, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) was the apex body for hockey in the country. However, following revelations of corruption and other scandals in the IHF, the IHF was de recognised and a new apex body for Indian hockey, Hockey India (HI), was formed on 20 May 2009. Hockey India, recognised by the FIH, has the sole mandate to govern and conduct all activities for both men's and women's field hockey in India. Although the IHF was reinstated in 2010, it is not recognised by the FIH. The IHF conducts a city-based tournament called World Series Hockey (WSH), its first season being in 2012. However, it is not approved by Hockey India or the FIH.
Hockey India League (Hindi: हॉकी इंडिया लीग), abbreviated as HIL, is a professional league for field hockey competition in India. It is organised by Hockey India. The tournament contested among franchisee-based teams consisting of players from India and around the world. The entire event takes place on home and away basis culminating into multi header playoffs. The International Hockey Federation (FIH) has sanctioned the event and also provided a 30-day window at the beginning of next year so that all top players can participate.
Cricket has a long history in India, having been introduced in the country during the British rule. It is the most popular sport by a wide margin in India and is often considered as an unofficial religion in India. It is played on local, national, and international levels and enjoys consistent support from people in most parts of India. Its development has been closely tied up with the history of the country, mirroring many of the political and cultural developments around issues such as caste, gender, religion, and nationality. The Indian cricket team played its first official match (a Test) in 1932 against England and its performance since then has generally been mixed, sometimes enjoying stupendous success and sometimes suffering outright failure. The highest profile rival of the Indian cricket team is the Pakistani cricket team, though in recent times it has gained other rivals like Australia, South Africa and England.
Although cricket is the most popular sport in India, it is not the nation's official national sport (a distinction held by field hockey). The governing body for cricket in India, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), was formed in December 1928 and is based in Mumbai. Today, BCCI is the richest sporting body in the world.
India has hosted or co-hosted a large number of multi-nation major international cricket tournaments viz. the 1987 Cricket World Cup (co-hosted with Pakistan), the 1996 Cricket World Cup (co-hosted with Pakistan and Sri Lanka), the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy and the 2011 Cricket World Cup (co-hosted with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh). The India national cricket team has won major tournaments like the 1983 Cricket World Cup in England, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 in South Africa, the 2011 Cricket World Cup which they won by beating Sri Lanka in the final at home, and has shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. It had also briefly held the position of the No. 1 team in Tests. The domestic competitions include the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy, and the Challenger Series, all of which are not widely followed, despite cricket's popularity in the country. This parallels the global situation in cricket, whereby the international game is more widely followed than the domestic game in all major cricketing countries. In addition, the BCCI conducts the Indian Premier League, a domestic franchise-based Twenty20 competition, during March–April every year and is extremely popular.
Football was introduced to India during the British occupation. Although India has never been represented in any FIFA World Cup, it did qualify in 1950, though it did not take part as they were not allowed to play barefoot. India was an Asian powerhouse in football in the 1960s, finishing as runners up in the 1964 AFC Asian Cup, but gradually the standard of football has gone down compared to other countries, and India currently ranks 168th in the FIFA rankings as of 31 October 2012.
Football is, nevertheless, widely popular both as a spectator sport, and as a participation sport. In some parts of the country such as Kerala, West Bengal and the Northeast, its popularity rivals that of cricket. The India national football team represents India in all FIFA tournaments. The Yuva Bharati Krirangan of Kolkata is the second largest non-auto racing stadium in the world.
On 01 march 1996 at the Army Headquarters, Shimla, the All India Football Federation (AIFF) was formed at a meeting of the representatives of Football Associations of six regions where the game was very popular in those days. It is the governing body for football in India.
Domestic competitions for men's football include the I-League and the I-League 2nd Division in the Indian League System, the annual knock-out style Federation Cup (India) and the Indian Super Cup, for women's the India women's football championship. However it is the European football tournaments such as the English Premier League, Spanish La Liga and the UEFA Champions League which are highly popular among Indian football lovers, especially in metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore.
Basketball is a popular sport in India. It is played in almost every school, although very few people take it professionally. India has both men's and women's national teams in basketball. Both teams have hired head coaches who have worked extensively with NBA players and now aim at the goal of popularizing the game in India.
The Young Cagers, as the national team is nicknamed made one Olympic appearance in basketball, and appeared 20 times in the Asian Championship. India is currently ranked 58th in the world in basketball. It had their best result at the 1975 Asian Championship when the team surprisingly finished ahead of teams such as the Philippines, one of Asia's basketball strongholds. Internationally, one of the most recognized Indian basketball players has been Sozhasingarayer Robinson. Affiliated into FIBA since 1936, India has one of Asia's longest basketball traditions.
India's women had their best result at the recent 2011 FIBA Asia Championship for Women when they finished 6th. The team does have several internationally known players such as Geethu Anna Jose who was invited to tryouts for the WNBA in 2011.
Tennis is a popular sport among Indians in urban areas. Tennis has gained popularity after the exploits of Vijay Amritraj. India's fortunes in the Grand Slam singles have been unimpressive, although Leander Paes and Mahesh Bhupathi have won many Men's Doubles and Mixed Doubles Grand Slam Titles. Sania Mirza is the only notable Indian woman tennis player, having won a WTA title and breaking into the Top 30 WTA rankings. On the men's side, young Somdev Devvarman and Yuki Bhambri are flying India's flag on ATP Tour. Yuki was the Australian Open junior singles champion in 2009.
Chess has risen in popularity in India in the last few decades primarily due to its star player GM Viswanathan Anand. He is the current World Champion, and he has revolutionized the popularity of this sport in India.
1. Viswanathan Anand is in 5th rank with a rating of 2783
2. Koneru Humpy is in 3rd rank with a rating of 2,597
3. Dronavalli Harika is in 18th rank with a rating of 2,492
Ammunition sports 
Motorsport is a popular spectator sport in India, although there are relatively few competitors compared to other sports due to the high costs of competing. On 1 February 2005, Narain Karthikeyan became India's first Formula One racing driver. On March 2007, he also became the first ever Indian-born driver to compete in a NASCAR Series. He debuted in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series in the Kroger 250. Force India F1 is a Formula One motor racing team. The team was formed in October 2007, when a consortium led by Indian businessmen Vijay Mallya and Michiel Mol bought the Spyker F1 team for € 88 million. After going through 29 races without a point, Force India won their first Formula One World Championship points and podium place when Giancarlo Fisichella finished second in the 2009 Belgian Grand Prix. New Delhi hosted the Indian Grand Prix in 2011 at Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida, 50 km from New Delhi. Karun Chandhok was the test driver for Team Lotus & Narain Karthikeyan raced for HRT during first half of 2011 Formula One season. Karun Chandhok participated in Friday's[when?] practice session and Karthikeyan [stepped in for Daniel Ricciardo) raced at the 2011 Indian Grand Prix; it was the first time two Indian drivers associated with the same Formula One Grand Prix directly.
Badminton is a popular sport in India. Indian shuttler Saina Nehwal is currently ranked second in the world and has been named the Most Promising Player of 2008 by the Badminton World Federation. This is the first ever achievement by any Indian shuttler, after Prakash Padukone and Pullela Gopichand, who both won the All England Open in 1980 and 2001 respectively. At the 2012 London Olympic Games, Nehwal won the bronze medal in the individual women's competition.
Golf is a growing sport in India. It is especially popular among the wealthier classes and has not yet caught on with others due to its expense. The most successful Indian golfer is Jeev Milkha Singh, who has won 3 titles during the European Tour, 4 during the Japan Golf Tour, and 6 during the Asian Tour. Although his current world ranking is 36th, his highest ranking has been 28th (in March 2009). Singh has won the Asian Tour order of merit 2 times. Other Indians who have won the Asian tour order of merit are Jyoti Randhawa in 2002 (the first Indian to achieve this) and Arjun Atwal, who went on in 2010 to become the first India-born player to become a member of, and later won the U.S.-based PGA Tour.
There are numerous golf courses all over India. There is an Indian Golf Tour. India's men's golf team won gold at the 1982 Asian Games and silver at the 2006 Asian Games. Lakshman Singh won the individual gold at the 1982 Asian Games.
Pitch and Putt is the newest form of Golf but completely independent and separate competitive sport, is spreading as most favored outdoor sport worldwide. Royal and Ancient Golf Course of St. Andrews (R&A) which is the highest ruling authority of Golf in the world recognized IPPA (International Pitch and Putt Association) in December, 2010. According to a rough estimate approximately 65% - 70% under construction Golf properties in India are mainly Pitch and Putt Courses; this will support growing culture of Golf in India.
"The Spirit, Regulations and Essence of the game is the same as in conventional Golf, but as Pitch and Putt is played on reduced courses POWER and DISTANCE do not play an important part; making Tactics, Strategy and Accuracy the core principal of the game. As power is not fundamental; women and men can compete on same foot, making this a Truly Universal and Fair Sport."
At present China and India looks like complementing each other in the development of Golf in Asia, China is focused on Championship Golf Courses whereas in India developers are targeting Pitch and Putt because it require lesser land and cost effective, which perfectly match with urban scenario because in India acquiring land in urban areas is not so easy task.
Pitch and Putt is Golf with difference; often called 'Chip and Putt' or 'PAR-3' its shorter, faster and Cheaper
Korfball is a game played by over 50 countries in the world. It is not as popular in India as other sports, but is still played by a significant amount of people. India came third place 2 times (2002 & 2006) in the Asia-Oceania Korfball Championships.
Boxing is one of the most enjoyable profiled sports in India. India has not produced a world champion in any weight class, although it is a regular medal-holder at the Asian Games and Commonwealth Games. In November 2007, India's Mary Kom won the best boxer title and also secured a hattrick of titles. During the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Vijender Kumar won a bronze medal in the middleweight boxing category, and Akhil Kumar and Jitender Kumar qualified for the quarterfinals. Akhil Kumar, Jitender Kumar, A.L. Lakra, and Dinesh Kumar each won a bronze medal at the 2008 World Championship. Vijender Kumar is current world no.1 on middleweight class. India's lone women boxer M.C Mary Kom won the bronze medal at London Olympic Games, 2012.
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The game of archery has got historical significance as all royals in the ancient days used to practice archery. Modern day archery in India started in early 1970s before its introduction in Olympics in 1972, and it was formalized in 1973 when Archery Association of India (AAI) came into existence. AAI has since then been promoting an organization for the sport. India has been producing some world class players who are the medal hopefuls in International events of Archery.
Kabaddi is the national sport in India. It is one of the most popular sports in India, played mainly among people in villages. It is regarded as a team-contact sport as a recreational form of combat training. Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small field and take turns sending a raider into the other half, in order to win points by tagging/wrestling members of the opposing team; the raider then tries to return to his own half while holding his breath and chanting "kabaddi, kabaddi, kabaddi" during the whole raid. India has taken part in four Asian Games in kabaddi, and won gold in all of them. There are four forms of kabaddi played in India are Amar, Suranjeevi, Huttuttoo, and Gaminee. Amar is generally played in Punjab, Haryana, America, Canada, and other parts of the world, mostly by Punjabi sportsmen. Suranjeevi is the most played form of kabaddi in India and the world. This is the form used in international matches generally and played in Asian Games. Huttuttoo was played by men in Maharashtra State. Huttuttoo is a much tougher version of kabaddi.[dubious ]
India won the Kabaddi World Championship in 2007, beating Iran 29-19.
Considered as one of the most ancient and oldest sports in the world, wrestling in India has a glorious past. The game of wrestling started its journey in India several centuries back, during the Middle Ages. Wrestling is counted amongst the most prestigious and oldest events in the Olympic Games, as it was included in the Olympics in 708 BC. In the ancient times, wrestling in India was mainly used as a wonderful way to stay physically fit. It was also used as a great way of military exercise without any weapons. Wrestling in India is also known as `dangal`, and it is the basic form of a wrestling tournament. Wrestling in India is most famously known as Malla-Yuddha. There are also mentions of wrestling in the ancient times. These can be found in the great epic of Indian history. Mahabharata has a huge mention about the game of wrestling in India. One of the premier characters in Mahabharata, Bhima was considered to be a great wrestler of that time, and some of the other great wrestlers included Jarasandha, Duryodhan, Karna, etc. In the other Indian epic, Ramayana also mentions about wrestling in India and Hanuman is described as one of the greatest wrestlers of that time. The 13th century Malla Purana has the reference of a group of Gujarati Brahmin wrestlers known as Jyesthimallas.
Weightlifting and powerlifting 
Karnam Malleswari won a bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics at Sydney, which made her the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal. In 1992, she participated in the Asian championship which took place in Thailand and stood second and won three silver medals. She also won three bronze medals in the world championship.
The headquarters of Indian Weightlifting Federation is at New Delhi. The Federation is affiliated to the Indian Olympic Association (Delhi), and is also a member of Asian Weightlifting Federation (Tehran) and International Weightlifting Federation (Budapest). The present General Secretary of Indian Weightlifting Federation is Balbir Singh.
The International Weightlifting Federation banned the Indian Weightlifting Federation from participating in all international competitions for one year, as three Indian women weightlifters—S Sunaina, Sanamacha Chanu, and Pratima Kumari, were accused of doping offences in various international competitions in a single year.
Other sports 
Volleyball is a sport played all over India, both in rural as well as urban India. It is a popular recreation sport. India is ranked 5th in Asia, and 27th in the world. Doing well in the youth and junior levels, India came in second in the 2003 World Youth Championships. Currently, a major problem for the sport is the lack of sponsors. The Indian senior men's team is currently ranked 46th in the world.
Floorball is a sport which is gaining popularity in India. The Floorball Federation of India was started in 2001 and since then it has expanded rapidly. There has been 4 national Floorball championships held with Uttar Pradesh being the champions. Women's floorball has also expanded alongside men, and Mumbai is the first national Floorball champion of India. Currently, India is a provisional member of the International Floorball Federation. India has participated in many international friendlies and steps are being taken to make India an Ordinary member of floorball.
Rugby union 
Rugby union is currently a minor sport in India. However it is a fast growing sport as some Indian sporting clubs are beginning to embrace the game. It is the second most popular winter sport after football (soccer) in India, which itself trails greatly in popularity to cricket and field hockey.
Netball is a popular sport in India, especially among Indian women. India's national team is ranked 25th in the world and has played only very few matches. The team has failed to qualify for any of the Netball World Cups. Recently, they have played 18 matches in total.
India has a handball team that started in 27 April 1989. Although it hasn't made any impact at World stage. The Handball Federation of India manages handball in India. Handball is a popular sport in India, played at local level in India, but hasn't made it big in domestic level. India has yet to make an impact at international level and the World Cup.
Throwball is gaining popularity in India as a competitive sport and Indian authorities of the game was instrumental in organizing Asian level and later, World level Association for the sport. Throwball is a popular sport, played in gym class, colleges, and clubs throughout Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Japan, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh. It is also slowly taking popularity up by other countries such as France, Australia, Brazil, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The Junior Throwball team of India visited Sri Lanka in 1982. Vijay Dahiya from Haryana was captain of the team. Indian team won test series.
Lacrosse is a fairly new sport in India which was introduced in 2006. The governing body for Lacrosse in India is the Indian National Lacrosse Federation. It is now being played by schools in Shillong, Meghalaya, and mostly unknown in the rest of the country.
American football 
Introduced in 2011 by various American football figures, including Mike Ditka and Ron Jaworski, the Elite Football League of India was India's first professional American football league. The first League play was scheduled to commence in 2012, and featured teams from eight different Indian cities, including Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Jaipur and others. 
India is considered the cradle of modern polo. Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty in the 15th century, firmly established its popularity. The period between the decline of the Mughal dynasty and the upsurgence of the British Imperial rule, polo almost vanished from the mainland India. Fortunately, the game survived in a few remote mountainous enclaves of the subcontinent, notably Gilgit, Chitral, Ladakh, and Manipur.
In India, the popularity of polo has waned and risen many times. However, it has never lost its regal status. In the last few decades, the emergence of privately owned teams has ensured a renaissance in Indian polo. Today, polo is not just restricted to the royalty and the Indian Army.
Baseball and softball 
Baseball has recently started to show up in India. Softball is played in school and at the university level. Two Indian pitchers were selected after the Million Dollar Arm competition to play in the USA. A talent hunt kind of competition was conducted by MLB to find baseball talents in India and found the teenagers Rinku Singh and Dinesh Patel. They were taken to the USA and received good coaching. Now these two players are selected to play for Pittsburgh Pirates minor league organizations. Rinku Singh played for the Canberra Cavalry of the Australian Baseball League for the competition's inaugural 2010-11 season.
The history of cycling in India dates back to 1938. The Cycling Federation of India takes care of the sport. Cycling is unknown as a professional sport in India, but popular as a common recreational sport and it is a good way to keep fit.
Mountain biking 
Mountain biking is becoming a popular sport. For the last six years, MTB Himachal has been organized regularly by HASTPA, an NGO. It is attended by a number of national and international participants, such as Indian Army, Indian Air Force, ITBP and a number of young and energetic MTB individual riders from cities like Pune, Bangalore, Delhi and Chandigarh. Last year, the government of Sikkim (Department of Tourism) introduced its own MTB race with South East Asia's biggest prize money. The second edition saw 48 professional participants from across the globe.
Tour of Nilgiris is a major non-competitive/non-commercial touring event in South Asia today, that covers 1,000 kilometres in under ten days.
Table tennis 
Table tennis is a popular indoor recreation sport in India, which has caught on in states like West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. The Table Tennis Federation of India is the official sports body. India, which is currently ranked 30th in the world, has produced a single player ranked in the top 50, Sharat Kamal.
Equestrian sports 
India also has a wide following in various equestrian sports like showjumping, eventing, dressage, endurance and tentpegging. Supported by the Equestrian Federation of India, eventing is the most popular of the five, with teams representing the country at most Asian Games, winning a bronze medal in the 2002 and 2006 games. India has been represented at the Olympics twice, by Wing Commander I.J.Lamba, and Imtiaz Anees.
- Flat water and sea kayaking
Indian flat water kayakers are emerging powerhouse in the Asian circuit. Aside from professional flat water kayaking, there is very limited recreational kayaking. Potential to generate interest in flat water kayaking is held by leisure resorts located near the sea or other water bodies. But more often than not, Indian tourists consider kayaking a one-time activity and not a sport to be pursued.
- Whitewater kayaking
Whitewater kayaking has its rabid enthusiasts concentrated in the north towards Himalayas and some in the south in Bangalore in Karnataka. Most of these enthusiasts are or were Whitewater Raft guides who took to the sport of whitewater kayaking. Some of the prominent whitewater kayakers include Abhinav Kala, Shalabh Gahlaut, and John Pollard. Many of them have notched first descents (similar to Climbing Ascents) on rivers in India and Nepal.
'Bangalore Kayakers' or 'Southern River Runners' are India's first amateur group of white water kayakers. Based out Bangalore, they currently explore rivers around Western Ghats. The lure for most of these folks is pure adventure. Whitewater Kayaking in India allows for exploration of places where, literally, no human has been before.
Gear availability is another problem that plagues the kayakers. While the global designs for whitewater boats and paddles change annually, Indian kayakers have to pay high fees if they want to import any kind of gear or they have to buy used gear in Nepal. More often than not, one will see Indian kayaking guides riding down the river in a Perception Amp or Piroutte or Dancer kind of design while the kayakers from abroad in their new design, planing hull, centered volume kayaks from Riot, Pyranha, or Wave Sport.
White water kayaking is a nice sport globally, and even more so in India. Kayaking India groups on Facebook is one good resource for kayakers in India.
Athletics and triathlon 
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Rock climbing 
Rock climbing has been around in India for a long time. Presumably, the mountaineers headed for Himalayan ascents had to train somewhere, and would have imparted some of the initial technical climbing culture. Documented evidence of rock climbing is associated with bouldering and climbing around Bangalore's famous Ramanagaram crags and Turahalli boulders, around Western Ghats closer to Mumbai and Pune.
Dinesh KS (Dinni) of Wildcraft Equipment was climbing in Bangalore around 1980s as part of a continuing tradition of climbing around the area.
Deccan and south of Vindhyas in India are considered the prime locations for rock climbing in India today. More for reason that there is an established climbing tradition associated with Mumbai, Pune, and Bangalore. For example, Hampi is considered the bouldering capital of India. Climbers congregate here during New Year's Eve and climb through the weeks preceding and after. Badami is considered highly for its free and sport routes (numbering over 200).
While the nature of the sport is more of a non-competitive adventurous kind, the competitive version, i.e. sport climbing has many adherents, and has a very intense scene. Indians have notched quite a few international positions in sport climbing and are considered an Asian powerhouse.
Billiards and snookers 
India has been a force to reckon with in world Billiards competitions. An impressive assembly of great champions like Wilson Jones, Michael Ferreira, and Geet Sethi has underlined the powerhouse status of the country. Snooker Federation of India, the apex body, play a proactive role in popularizing the game. Many such efforts have been done by the Billiards and Snooker Federation of India in the recent past to enhance the popularity of the game in the country. Several training camps for identifying budding talent and providing them regional and state sponsorship have been organised by the Billiards and Snooker Federation in various parts of the country.
Gymnastics came of age in India, when at the 2010 Commonwealth Games, Ashish Kumar won the first-ever medal in gymnastics for India, he also won a bronze medal. However soon after the win, the President of the Gymnastics Federation of India, controversially asked Ashish's Chief Coach from the erstwhile Soviet Union, Vladimir Chertkov: "Is this all that you can deliver, a bronze?", the comment was widely reported in the press. Later the coach also revealed that "In Aug 2009, we had no equipment. Ashish trained on hard floor till Feb 2010, and then we got equipment around 20 years old." Also the Federation announced that no Indian team would travel to Rotterdam for the World Championships in October, which would mean that Indian gymnasts automatically not qualify as a team for the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Sepak takraw 
Sepak takraw is not very well known in India, although it was a demonstration sport at the Delhi Asian Games in 1982. The Sepak Takraw Federation with its headquarters in Nagpur, Maharashtra, was founded on 10 September 1982. It is recognised by the Indian Olympic Association and Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports since 2000. So far, the Federation has conducted 14 Senior, seven Junior, and six Sub-Junior National Championships in different cities and is also conducting Federation Cup Tournament and zonal National Championship.
The game is very popular in the northeastern state of Manipur and some of the best players hail from there. In the 22nd King’s Cup International Sepak Takraw Tournament held at Bangkok, the India men's team lost in the semifinals and claimed bronze in the team event. In doubles event, the women's team lost in the semifinals, but bagged bronze medals.
Winter sports 
Winter sports are common in India in the Himalayan areas. Ski tournaments take place every winter in Gulmarg, Kashmir, and Manali. Winter sports are generally more common in the northern states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. Skiing, snow rugby, snow cycling, and snow football are few of the common winter sports played in India. Skiing is more popular although India has taken part in Luge in Winter Olympics since 1998. Shiva Keshavan is the only Indian to have won medals in international meets in winter sports (Asian Gold 2011, Asian Silver 2009, Asian Bronze 2008, Asian Silver (Doubles) 2005, Asian Bronze (Singles) 2005), and to have participated in four Olympic Games. He is currently the Asian Speed record holder at 134.4 kmph, making him the Fastest Man in Asia on ice. Luge is practiced in a big way by the mountain residents in an improvised form called 'Reri'.
India has a national bandy team. The Bandy Federation of India takes care of Bandy in India. Its headquarters are in Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. Bandy is generally played in northern India where there is generally snow and ice. India is one of seven countries in Asia and in total 28 to be a member of Federation of International Bandy. BFI planned to send a team to the 2011 Asian Winter Games in Astana-Almaty, but ultimately didn't. The international debut will possibly take place at the first Asian Bandy Championships to be held in Almaty in December 2012.
Ice hockey 
Traditional and regional sports 
Gilli-danda is a sport played by using one small stick (gilli) and a large stick (danda) like cricket with ball being replaced by gilli. It is still played in villages of Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Maharashtra states of India only as a recreational sport among boys.
Kancha is played by using marbles, popular in cities as well as villages by small boys only as a gully sport. The winner gets the kancha of other boys.
Kite flying 
Other popular regional sports 
Other regional sports and games namely air sports, atya patya, bridge, carrom, cycle polo, fencing, gymnastics, judo, karate, Gatka, kho-kho, mallakhamb, roller skating, rowing, shooting ball, soft tennis, squash, swimming, taekwondo, ten-pin bowling, tennikoit, tug of war, yachting, and yoga have dedicated following and their own national sports federations.
Sports Broadcasting in India 
Local Sporting events broadcasted is in stagnant stage in India due to mandatory sharing of sporting events of live feed and rights made by ordnance in favor of Prasar Bharathi thus all sports broadcasters playout from outside the country which only allows to produce international events and fades the production, distribution, invention of new local field of sporting events as all this topic is still hot discusion Commonwealth Games 2010 Broadcasting scam made clear on ruthless inability of decision makers.
Sports Leagues in India 
Major Sports Leagues 
Other Sports Leagues 
See also 
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- India at the Paralympics
- India at the Cricket World Cup
- 2011 Cricket World Cup Final
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