Sport in New South Wales

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Sport in New South Wales describes participation in and attendance at organised sports events in the state of New South Wales in Australia.

Sport is an important part of the culture of the state.

In terms of participation, the most popular sports in the state are netball, tennis and soccer.[1]

New South Wales has attracted many international multi-sport events including the 2000 Summer Olympics, held in Sydney.

There are many professional sporting teams in New South Wales. Popular spectator sports include rugby football, cricket, soccer and Australian Football. The first matches of these sports in Australia was in Sydney, the capital of New South Wales and Australia's first settlement. The National Rugby League is notable as the largest rugby league competition in the world.

Rugby league football[edit]

RL Pioneers Dan Frawley(r), Dally Messenger(l) in action NSW v Qld 1912.

Rugby league football, usually called football, footy or just league has a place with some Sydneysiders, as a sporting and a tradition within the city. This stems back from the earlier colonial days of the city where the city and its cultural were largely dictated by wealthy Englishmen whom traditionally played and were supporters of the Rugby code of football, which was largely advertised and passed on to the people of Sydney, including the working class who in back in England largely played soccer. In the early 1900s Rugby footballers had the opportunity to become professional and earn a living from their sport, but there was widespread disagreement as to whether or not this should happen. The working class strongly believed it was a good idea and they should become professional, whilst the middle class were more hesitant to do so. This resulted in a split similar to what had occurred in England, and the working class formed their own competition, the Rugby League, which followed the same rules as the equivalent breakaway competition in England. The game quickly grew a working-class following, and has been a Sydney tradition ever since.

The headquarters of the Australian Rugby League and National Rugby League (NRL) are in Sydney, which is home to 9 of the 16 National Rugby League (NRL) football clubs (Sydney Roosters, South Sydney Rabbitohs, Parramatta Eels, Cronulla Sharks, Wests Tigers, Penrith Panthers, Bulldogs and Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles), as well as being the northern home of the St George Illawarra Dragons, which is half-based in Wollongong. A tenth team, the Newcastle Knights are located in Newcastle.

The premier state-level league is the New South Wales Cup, involving reserve teams from NSW and Canberra based NRL clubs as well as the first teams from other clubs. Country football is overseen by the New South Wales Country Rugby League. Annual matches between Country Origin and City Origin teams are held.

The annual State of Origin series between the New South Wales Blues and the Queensland Maroons is a popular sporting event in NSW. Sydney has hosted many State of Origin matches since the series began in 1980. The three game series are held in Sydney and Brisbane with the first and third games in one city and the second in the other. These rotate every year, so if two games are played in Sydney one year, then those games are played in Brisbane the next.

Rugby union football[edit]

Rugby union has a long history in New South Wales dating back to 1869. However it lags in popularity behind rugby league.

Sydney has a local club rugby union competition (the Shute Shield), and a Super Rugby team the NSW Waratahs, who play their games in the city and represent the entire state of New South Wales. They were represented in the defunct Australian Rugby Championship by Sydney Fleet, Western Sydney Rams and Central Coast Rays. The southern part of the state is represented by the Australian Capital Territory-based Brumbies in Super Rugby; the Canberra Vikings were the region's Australian Rugby Championship representative. Rugby union is regarded as an upper class game and is played in many of Sydney's top private schools. The Australian Rugby Union headquarters are located in Sydney. The Waratahs play out of the Sydney Football Stadium, and when in Sydney the Wallabies play out of ANZ Stadium.

Cricket[edit]

The Sydney Cricket Ground at the 4th Australia vs India test, 2004

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in New South Wales. The NSW Blues are by far the most successful domestic cricket side in Australia having won the First-class competition 44 times and the One-Day Domestic cup nine times. They occasionally play first-class matches against touring International sides. New South Wales have played teams representing every Test-playing nation bar Bangladesh. They have provided the Australian Test and One Day International teams with some of the finest players ever to have graced the game of cricket, the most notable of them being Sir Don Bradman, Steve Waugh, Brett Lee, Glenn McGrath and many others. The current NSW Blues Captain is Ben Rohrer. The team's home grounds are the Sydney Cricket Ground and the ANZ Stadium.

Soccer[edit]

Newcastle Jets and Sydney FC at EnergyAustralia Stadium.

Whilst having a strong sporting tradition in the field of Rugby League, Sydney also has a long and strong tradition in soccer. Early soccer clubs in Sydney were relatively small, and did not have very large followings, and like the general population of Sydney in the late 1800s the clubs were largely English in nature, but when the Australian government began its immigration policy in years closely following World War II, many immigrants left Europe in search of new homes in Sydney, and Australia in general. These migrant groups who were subject to racism from the existing population took it upon themselves to found their own soccer clubs, celebrating their particular ethnic communities. The three largest such clubs were founded by the three largest post war immigration groups respectively, they are: Marconi Stallions Football Club (Italian), Sydney Olympic Football Club (Greek), and Sydney United Football Club (Croatian). Along with these larger clubs, there are also many smaller clubs formed by ethinc groups, who also bare suburban names, such as Bankstown City Lions Football Club (Macedonian), Bonnyrigg White Eagles (Serbian), Parramatta Eagles (Maltese), and St. George Saints Football Club (Hungarian). These "ethnic" clubs soon began to dominate soccer in Sydney, drawing large crowd support from their given ethnic groups, and having their fair share of on field success too.

In the late 1980s there was a substantial rise in soccer hooliganism in Sydney[citation needed] as was the case all around the world, but in Sydney however it was tainted further by racism which was caused by ethnic affiliations which the majority of the larger Sydney clubs had. This was also coupled with a steady decline in crowd numbers over the years, partly due to violence, partly due to the falling standard of play, but also largely because the clubs were not broadening their supporter bases. For example, Sydney United's support had not grown beyond Sydney's Croatian community, therefore the sport was not capitalising on the growing multiculturalism of the city, now becoming home to many new migrant communities from Arabic and Asian cultures, which to some may be seen as ironic because multiculturalism as well as the fact that the code played all over the world is often seen to be soccer's strongest asset. In an effort to fix these issues facing the game, Soccer Australia embarked upon "de-ethnicising" soccer, clubs with very strong links to ethnic groups were made to sever links with their traditional supporter bases and broaden their horizons, new clubs were founded and brought into the league such as Parramatta Power and Northern Spirit who did not have ethnic associations in a bid to attract a multicultural fan base. This attempt failed miserably, new clubs failed to attract a following and old clubs were not at all "de-ethnicised".

In 2005 a review of the game was carried out and it was decided that for the game to move forward in Sydney, and around Australia, some drastic changes would have to be made. A new club was founded in Sydney called Sydney FC, and they were to be based in central Sydney as opposed to being based at a small suburban stadium, and were founded specifically to attract a multicultural following. They were entered in a new league to be known as the A-League, this would act as the show piece national soccer competition, contested by similarly formed clubs from other large cities around Australia. There would be no form of relegation or promotion between the a-league and the rest of the counties competitions, and the previous national league would revert to its original form in state based competitions, which is where clubs such as the for mentioned ethninc clubs continue to play. In the first 6 years of their existence, Sydney FC have been relatively successful building up a solid support base of around 10,000 members, and sometimes attracting crowds of up to 40,000, which is admirable considering the youth of the club. The new system has not been without its flaws for Sydney soccer however, many of the great clubs, and the largest in the city are unable to win a national championship, nor are they able to qualify for the Asian Champions League, and a large section or the Greater Sydney Area is simply unable to access this new club due the geographic size of the city. Change is however afoot, as a national cup competition is to be reintroduced in 2012 with the winner qualifying for the champions league, and the imminent foundation of a second new multicultural club in Sydney's sprawling western suburbs due to begin playing matches within 2 years.

Outside of Sydney, soccer has a similar history in the states larger regional cities (albeit on a smaller scale), and similar multicultural clubs have been formed such as: Newcastle Jets and Central Coast Mariners who both play in the A-league, and South Coast Wolves Football Club who play in the New South Wales premier league alongside many of Sydney's ethnic clubs, however there have been calls for them to be elevated into the A-league, and it expected that they eventually will be

Basketball[edit]

The Sydney Kings and Wollongong Hawks are the state's representatives in the National Basketball League (NBL). These teams have all featured in the finals series since 2002–03, the Kings winning 3 consecutive premierships in 2002–03, 2003–04 & 2004–05. There are 12 teams in the New South Wales conference of the Australian Basketball Association, the Waratah League. The next level is the New South Wales State Basketball League. The Sydney Uni Flames play in the Women's National Basketball League.

Australian rules football[edit]

The Sydney Swans AFL team

Australian rules football, commonly known in NSW as Australian Football League (AFL),[2] is a developing game in most of NSW with increasing popularity. In 2007 it was forecast that there were 95,100 people participated in playing Australian Rules football.[3]

In Sydney, local competitions established in 1880 and again in 1903 competed with rugby union football and then rugby league football. The code fared much better in the Riverina region, closer to the game's place of origin, Melbourne.[4]

The AFL has two teams from Sydney, the Sydney Swans and the Greater Western Sydney Giants . Formerly South Melbourne, the club moved up to Sydney in 1982, after hitting financial trouble. The Swans have won two premierships since moving to Sydney (in 2005 and 2012). Attendance for Swans matches has slowly risen since their relocation. The Swans have been joined by a second Sydney team in 2012, the GWS Giants.

The sport is governed in the state and the enclosed Australian Capital Territory (ACT) by AFL NSW/ACT. In 2004, there were 7,229 senior players out of a total 25 834 club participants registered in New South Wales, and that number and indeed the popularity of Australian Rules continues to rise today.[5]

Snow sports[edit]

Kiandra, NSW, where skiing began in Australia in 1861
Charlotte Pass, a pioneer of the Australian ski industry. Village Elevation at 1760m.

New South Wales is home to Australia's highest snow country, oldest skifields and largest resorts. Recreational Skiing in Australia began around 1861 at Kiandra, New South Wales, when Norwegian gold miners introduced the idea to the frozen hills around the town.[6] The first and longest surviving ski club in the world, The Kiandra Snow Shoe Club is believed to have been formed at Kiandra in that year.[7][8]

The Kiandra snow shoe club (now called the Kiandra Pioneer Ski Club (1861)) remains the world's first identifiable and ceaseless Ski Club. This Australian club has been continuously operating since 1861. Its origins have been recognised internationally and substantiated by the Holmenkollen Ski Museum, Norway in 2006.[9] The discovery of gold in the mountains of America and Australia was the catalyst for the development of recreational alpine skiing.[9] The Kiandra Goldrush was short-lived, but the township remained a service centre for recreational and survival skiing for over a century. Australia's first T-Bar, was installed at Kiandra in 1957, but the ski facilities were finally shifted up the hill to Selwyn Snowfields in 1978.[10] Steeper slopes and more reliable snows lie further to the south and in the 20th Century, the focus of recreational skiing in New South Wales shifted southward, to the Mount Kosciuszko region.

Thredbo, NSW, has the largest vertical drop of any Australian ski resort at 672m

The first Kosciuszko Chalet was built at Charlotte Pass in 1930, giving relatively comfortable access to Australia's highest terrain.[11] At 1760m, Charlotte Pass has the highest village base elevation of any Australian ski resort and can only be accessed via over-snow transport in winter.[12] The growing number of ski enthusiasts heading to Charlotte Pass led to the establishment of a cafe at Smiggin Holes around 1939, where horse-drawn sleighs would deliver skiers to be begin the arduous ski to the Kosciusko Chalet.[13] It was the construction of the vast Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme from 1949 that really opened up the Snowy Mountains for large-scale development of a ski industry and led to the establishment of Thredbo and Perisher as leading Australian resorts.[14][15] The Construction of Guthega Dam brought skiers to the isolated Guthega district and a rope tow was installed there in 1957.[16]

Skifields up by Kosciusko's side were also established during this period, though their existence is now little realised. A rope tow was installed on Mount Northcote at the site and opened in 1954. The site proved excellent for speed skiing, but the hut was destroyed in an avalanche, which also killed one person, in 1956.[17] Construction began at Thredbo in 1957.[14] Today, Thredbo has 14 ski-lifts and possesses Australia's longest ski resort run, the 5.9 km from Karel's T-Bar to Friday Flat; Australia's greatest vertical drop of 672m; and the highest lifted point in Australia at 2037m[18][19]

The last establishment of a major skifield in NSW came with the development of Mount Blue Cow in the 1980s. In 1987 the Swiss designed Skitube Alpine Railway opened to deliver skiers from Bullocks Flat, on the Alpine Way, to Perisher Valley and to Blue Cow, which also opened in 1987.[15] The operators of Blue Cow purchased Guthega in 1991, and the new combined resort later merged with Perisher-Smiggins to become the largest ski resort in the Southern Hemisphere.[20] In 2009 Perisher had 48 lifts covering 1,245 hectares and four village base areas: Perisher Valley, Blue Cow, Smiggin Holes and Guthega.[21]

The Kosciuszko Main Range in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales offer some of the most challenging cross-country and back-country skiing in Australia, notably Watsons Crags and Mount Twynam on the steep Western Face of the Range.[22][23] The Mount Jagungal wilderness area provides some of the most isolated back-country ski terrain. High country huts, often a legacy of the era of cattle grazing in the mountains, provide emergency shelter in these regions.[24]

Netball[edit]

The New South Wales Swifts are the Sydney and New South Wales-based Netball team in the ANZ Championship. The Swifts won the inaugural title in 2008 after defeating the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic. The Swifts were also one of the dominant teams in the Commonwealth Bank Trophy.

Other teams[edit]

There are also many teams participating in other national sporting competitions based in New South Wales, mainly in Sydney and the surrounding areas. These include the Sydney Blue Sox in Australian Baseball League. The states major motorsport teams are Walden Motorsport in Western Sydney and based at the border town of Albury, Brad Jones Racing.

Other events[edit]

The popular equine sports of campdrafting and polocrosse were developed in New South Wales and competitions are now held across Australia. Polocrosse is now played in many overseas countries. Rodeos are popular events for competitors and spectators alike. The most important equine events in the state and the country are held at the Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre in Tamworth in the states New England region.

Sydney was the host of the 2000 Summer Olympics and the 1938 British Empire Games. The Olympic Stadium, now known as ANZ Stadium, is the scene of the annual NRL Grand Final. It also regularly hosts rugby league State of Origin as well as and rugby union and soccer internationals. It hosted the final of the 2003 Rugby World Cup and the memorable soccer World Cup qualifier between Australia and Uruguay.

The Sydney Cricket Ground traditionally hosts the 'New Year' cricket test match from 2–6 January each year. The annual Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race begins in Sydney Harbour on Boxing Day, whilst the climax of Australia's touring car racing series is the Bathurst 1000, held at the Mount Panorama Circuit near the city of Bathurst in the Western Plains.

The Sydney Autumn Racing Carnival features the richest two-year-old horse race in the world, the Golden Slipper Stakes, which is run in April every year. The Medibank International tennis tournament is held in January prior to the Australian Open. The City to Surf foot race is held every August and is one of the largest timed foot races in the world.

New South Wales Sports Awards[edit]

Each year the New South Wales Sport Awards are held. The major award is the Sport Star of the Year:[25]

Current professional franchises in national competitions[edit]

Sydney[edit]

Club League Venue Established Premierships
Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs National Rugby League Stadium Australia 1935 8
Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks National Rugby League Shark Park 1967 Nil
Greater Western Sydney Giants Australian Football League Sydney Showground Stadium 2012 Nil
Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles National Rugby League Brookvale Oval 1947 8
New South Wales Blues (cricket) Sheffield Shield/One Day Cup Sydney Cricket Ground 1856 46 (SS), 9 (One Day Cup), 1 (T20 Bash)
New South Wales Swifts ANZ Championship Sydney Olympic Park Sports Centre 2008 1
New South Wales Waratahs Super Rugby Sydney Football Stadium 1882 Nil
New South Wales Waratahs (field hockey) Australian Hockey League Sydney Olympic Park Hockey Centre 1991 3
Parramatta Eels National Rugby League Parramatta Stadium 1947 4
Penrith Panthers National Rugby League Penrith Stadium 1967 2
St. George Illawarra Dragons National Rugby League Jubilee Oval & Wollongong Showground 1999 1
South Sydney Rabbitohs National Rugby League Stadium Australia 1908 20
Sydney Bears Australian Ice Hockey League Sydney Ice Arena 1982 2
Sydney Blue Sox Australian Baseball League Blue Sox Stadium 2009 Nil
Sydney FC A-League Sydney Football Stadium 2005 1 (P'ships), 2 (C'ships), 2 (WL P'ships), 2 (WL C'ships)
Sydney Ice Dogs Australian Ice Hockey League Liverpool Catholic Club Ice Rink 2002 2
Sydney Kings National Basketball League Sydney Entertainment Centre 1988 3
Sydney Roosters National Rugby League Sydney Football Stadium 1908 13
Sydney Sixers Big Bash League Sydney Cricket Ground 2011 1
Sydney Swans Australian Football League Sydney Cricket Ground & Stadium Australia 1874 5
Sydney Thunder Big Bash League Stadium Australia 2011 0
Western Sydney Wanderers FC A-League Parramatta Stadium 2012 1 (P'ship), Nil (C'ships)
Wests Tigers National Rugby League Leichhardt Oval, Campbelltown Stadium & Stadium Australia 2000 1

Outside Sydney[edit]

Club League Venue Established Premierships
Central Coast Mariners FC A-League Central Coast Stadium 2005 2 (P'ships), 1 (C'ship)
Newcastle Jets FC A-League Newcastle International Sports Centre 2005 1 (C'ship)
Newcastle Knights National Rugby League Newcastle International Sports Centre 1988 2
Wollongong Hawks National Basketball League Wollongong Entertainment Centre 1979 1

Venues[edit]

Sydney[edit]

Venue Capacity Main Sports
Stadium Australia 83,500 Rugby league, rugby union, football
Sydney Cricket Ground 47,000 Cricket, Australian rules football
Sydney Football Stadium 44,000 Rugby league, rugby union, football
Sydney Showground Stadium 25,000 Australian rules football
Belmore Oval 25,000 Rugby league, football
Penrith Stadium 22,500 Rugby league
Jubilee Oval 22,000 Rugby league
Leichhardt Oval 22,000 Rugby league
Shark Park 22,000 Rugby league
Parramatta Stadium 20,741 Rugby league, football
Campbelltown Stadium 20,000 Rugby league
Concord Oval 20,000 Rugby union
North Sydney Oval 20,000 Cricket, rugby league
Redfern Oval 20,000 Rugby league
Sydney Entertainment Centre 13,250 Basketball
NSW Tennis Centre 10,000 Tennis
Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre 4,020 Equestrian
Dunc Gray Velodrome 3,150 Cycling
The Australian Golf Club Golf
Oran Park Raceway Motor racing
Randwick Racecourse Horse racing
Rosehill Racecourse Horse racing
Sydney Motorsport Park Motorsports

Outside Sydney[edit]

Venue Capacity Main Sports Location
Newcastle International Sports Centre 33,000 Rugby league, football Newcastle
Wollongong Showground 23,750 Rugby League Wollongong
Central Coast Stadium 20,059 Football, rugby league Gosford
Wollongong Entertainment Centre 6,000 Basketball Wollongong
Mount Panorama Circuit Motor racing Bathurst

Sydney Olympic Park[edit]

Map of Sydney Olympic Park, showing the sporting facilities there

Sydney Olympic Park is roughly in the geographical centre of Sydney. Created for the 2000 Olympics, it is now a major sporting centre in the city.

Sydney Superdome[edit]

Sydney Superdome hosts miscellaneous events as Sydney's premier indoors facility. It has a maximum capacity of 21,000.

Stadium Australia[edit]

Track and field events in during the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Stadium Australia, sponsored as ANZ Stadium, is Sydney's largest stadium. Built for the 2000 Olympics, it now hosts big events such as the NRL Grand Final, the rugby league State of Origin and rugby union and soccer internationals.

The venue is the home ground of NRL teams, the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs and the South Sydney Rabbitohs and serves as an occasional home ground for the Parramatta Eels. ANZ Stadium also hosts a number of Swans home games and the occasional domestic cricket one-day match.

Other facilities[edit]

There are various other sporting and recreational facilities in the centre including another indoor arena, tennis centre, aquatic centre, athletics centre, hockey centre, archery centre, as well as the Sydney Showground. In 2009 the area hosted a motor race in the form of the Sydney 500 motor race to be held on a street circuit within the former Olympic grounds.

Moore Park[edit]

Sydney Football Stadium[edit]

Sydney Football Stadium was designed for the use of rugby league and is now also used for rugby union and soccer. The Sydney Roosters, the NSW Waratahs and Sydney FC soccer team use it as their home ground. The Wests Tigers use the stadium part-time as a home ground. The ground hosted the 2005–06 A-League grand final won by Sydney FC. The ground also hosted rugby league grand finals from its construction until ANZ Stadium was opened.

Sydney Cricket Ground[edit]

The Sydney Cricket Ground is mainly used for cricket games and Aussie rules matches. It is home to the Sydney Swans and NSW Blues. The ground held over 1000 rugby league first-grade matches in its history but is rarely used anymore.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sport and physical" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  2. ^ Rohan Connolly (2012-03-23). "Name of the game is up in the air in NSW". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  3. ^ "AFL News". Real Footy. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  4. ^ Ken Piesse (1995). The Complete Guide to Australian Football. Pan Macmillan Australia. pp. 200–201. ISBN 0-330-35712-3. 
  5. ^ AFL website[dead link]
  6. ^ Sydney Morning Herald (2008-11-21), "Kiandra — Culture and History", The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved 2010-05-04 
  7. ^ Selwyn Snowfields, "History", Selwyn Snowfields Website, retrieved 2010-05-04 
  8. ^ Clarke, Norman W. (2006), "Kiandra: goldfields to skifields ISBN 0-646-46337-3", Kiandra Pioneer Ski Club (1870) Ltd 
  9. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  10. ^ Selwyn Snowfields - Your Winter Playground - History
  11. ^ Charlotte Pass Ski Resort - Kosciuszko Chalet Hotel
  12. ^ Upe, Robert; Darby, Jim; Holt, Russell; Bredow, Susan (2009-06-06). "50 reasons to love Australian snow". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  13. ^ [2][dead link]
  14. ^ a b History | Thredbo Alpine Village, Australia
  15. ^ a b [3][dead link]
  16. ^ Christiana Capital : Guthega Ski Resort
  17. ^ History of the Australian Alpine Club
  18. ^ About Thredbo Resort | Snowy Mountains, Australia
  19. ^ [4][dead link]
  20. ^ [5][dead link]
  21. ^ [6][dead link]
  22. ^ OzBC.net - NSW Backcountry - Watson's Crags
  23. ^ OzBC.net - NSW Backcountry - Twynam West Spur / Tenison Woods Knoll
  24. ^ http://www.kosciuszkohuts.org.au/thehuts.html
  25. ^ "New South Wales Sport Awards Winners 1994-2012". sportnsw.com.au. SportNSW. 
  26. ^ http://www.scgt.nsw.gov.au/