Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, it is one of the "Três Grandes" (The Big Three) football clubs in Portugal. With more than 100,000 registered club members, its teams, athletes and supporters are often nicknamed Leões (English: The Lions) by its fans.
Sporting was one of the founding members of the Primeira Liga and, together with Benfica and Porto, it has never been relegated from the First Division of Portuguese football since its establishment in 1934. Sporting is the third most successful Portuguese football club with 44 titles in Portuguese domestic competitions and one International title.
Sporting CP entered the competition defeating Atalanta in the qualifying round, then past APOEL F.C. (in what was the biggest win in a single UEFA competitions game to date: 16–1), Manchester United, Olympique Lyonnais and in the end defeated MTK Budapest in a two round final to win their first European title.
Within Portugal, Sporting Clube de Portugal is often referred to simply as "Sporting". Outside Portugal, it is often known as "Sporting Lisbon". The club has attempted to shed this name, particularly through ex-president Sousa Cintra and his staff, in an effort to become known abroad by its correct name. Despite this, some non-Portuguese media still uses Sporting Lisbon due to precedent and to avoid confusion with other clubs such as Sporting Clube de Braga, Sporting Clube da Covilhã, Sporting Clube Farense, Sporting Clube Olhanense and Sporting de Gijón, instead of using a more accurate name like Sporting Portugal. UEFA has historically used the designation Sporting CP in English-language scorelines and match reports on its own site, but as of January 2010 uses the club's full Portuguese name.
Sporting's stadium, Estádio José Alvalade, was built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship. The stadium was designed by Tomás Taveira and was classified by UEFA as a five-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium has a capacity of 50,095 spectators.