Sporting Cristal

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Sporting Cristal
Sporting Cristal.png
Full name Club Sporting Cristal
Nickname(s) Los Cerveceros, Los Rimenses, Los Celestes, La Fuerza Vencedora
Founded December 13, 1955
Ground Estadio Alberto Gallardo,
Lima
Ground Capacity 15,000
President Peru Felipe Cantuarias
Manager Argentina Daniel Ahmed
League Primera División Peruana
2013 Primera División Peruana, 3rd
Website Club home page
Current season

Club Sporting Cristal is a Peruvian football team. Based in the Rímac District, in the department of Lima, it plays in the professional league known as the Peruvian First Division. Sporting Cristal has won the league title 16 times, and it is the Peruvian team with the third most National titles. All its titles have been won in the professional era.

It is one of the most popular football teams in Peru, along with Universitario de Deportes and Alianza Lima; it is the youngest of the three. In 1997, it became the second Peruvian football club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, an international competition.

Sporting Cristal plays home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo, but they also play at the Estadio Nacional. They also use the Estadio Nacional when playing international competitions, such as Copa Libertadores.

History[edit]

Ricardo Bentín Mujica, with the support of his wife, co-owners of Backus and Johnston brewery, was the man who is credited with achieving the company's goal. A club from Rímac ward, known as Sporting Tabaco founded in 1926 and originally belonging to the tobacco growers' union, was already playing in the professional Peruvian First Division. Never having won a national championship, the club was in dire economic straits. Bentín decided to buy the club and search for a playing ground, so that the club could develop and be able to play better at the professional level. The club found a lot in the neighborhood of La Florida of 137,000 m².

On December 13, 1955 the club was founded as Sporting Cristal , after Backus' best-known beer brand, Cristal. The new club from Rímac ward debuted in 1956 in the professional Primera Division and won their first national title that same year. Journalists thus called them the club born a champion (nació campeon). The team managed to win more titles over the years and was known as one of the best football clubs in Peru after Universitario de Deportes and Alianza Lima. A few years later, the club eliminated the word Backus from their name to demonstrate their economic independence.

Sporting Cristal changed its shirt color from blue to light blue. They are known as "Los Celestes". During a brief period between 1978 and 1981, they again used blue shirts. In 1982 they returned to light blue as the color of the club.

The 1990s was the most succeful decade, 4 national titles (3 in a row) with coaches as Juan Carlos Oblitas, Cristal won 1991, 1994 and 1995 domestic league. And with Sergio Markarián head coach they won 1996 league. By 1997, the team, led by Uruguayan coach Sergio Markarián, reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores, where they faced the Brazilian club Cruzeiro. The first leg was a home game, in which they ended in a scoreless draw; in the second leg, they lost 1-0. This is the closest a Peruvian team has come to the Copa Libertadores Final since 1972, when Universitario de Deportes had a similar fate playing against Club Atlético Independiente.

The club stayed on the top spots of the national tournament during most of the 2000s and gained qualification to the Copa Libertadores eight years in a row from 2000 to 2007.It would only win one title during the decade which was obtain in 2005 with Jose del Solar as head coach and many notable players as Sergio Leal, Jorge Soto and Luis Alberto Bonnet. During the 2007, Cristal would come four points away from relegation. It would make a comeback during the 2008 season and qualify to the Copa Libertadores once again.

In 2009, the Peruvian First Division would change the tournament structured which caused Sporting Cristal to have mediocre results for the next few years into the new decade. After a seven year dry spell it would become the national champion once more during the 2012 season when it defeated Real Garcilaso in the finals. They qualified to the 2013 Copa Libertadores where they did not pass the tournament's group stage. In the 2013 season, they played on the same liguilla as Real Garcilazo and fought for a place in the final up to the last match of the season in which they finished third and qualified for the 2014 Copa Libertadores once more.

Rivalries[edit]

Sporting Cristal has had longstanding rivalries with Universitario, Alianza Lima, Deportivo Municipal, and Sport Boys.

Supporters[edit]

Cristal has three ultras or barra bravas known as Extremo Celeste, Fverza Oriente Gvardia Xtrema. Fverza Oriente was the first ultra of Cristal, founded in 1975. They are located on eastern grandstand of the stadiums. Extremo Celeste was formed in 1991 when a group of young fans from Fuerza Oriente decided to form a new group for young energetic supporters. Extremo Celeste has become one of the biggest barras bravas in Peru. And in 2007 a smaller third ultra was created in the western grandstand to support the team. Son Cristal had supporters on every grandstand on Estadio Alberto Gallardo.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 11 January 2014.[1]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Peru GK Diego Penny
2 Peru DF Alexis Cossio
3 Peru DF Marcos Ortíz
4 Peru MF Adan Balbín
5 Peru MF Pedro Aquino
7 Argentina MF Horacio Calcaterra
8 Argentina MF Maximiliano Nuñez
10 Peru MF Renzo Sheput
11 Peru FW Irven Ávila
12 Peru GK Alexander Araujo
13 Peru DF Renzo Revoredo
14 Peru DF Yoshimar Yotún
No. Position Player
15 Peru FW Alexander Succar
19 Peru FW Joazinho Arroé
20 Uruguay FW Sergio Blanco
21 Peru MF Pier Larrauri
23 Uruguay MF Jorge Cazulo
24 Peru FW Junior Ross
30 Peru FW Luis da Silva
25 Peru MF Paolo De la Haza
26 Peru GK Carlos Grados
27 Peru MF Carlos Lobatón
28 Peru MF Edinson Chavez
29 Peru MF Luis Abram

Notable players[edit]

*Naturalized Peruvians

Top Goalscorers in First Division[edit]

Year Player Goals Nationality
1954 Vicente Villanueva 14 Peru
1961 Alberto Gallardo 18 Peru
1962 Alberto Gallardo 22 Peru
1980 Oswaldo Ramírez 18 Peru
1983 Juan Caballero 29 Peru
1991 Raúl Horacio Baldessari 25 Argentina
1994 Flavio Maestri 25 Peru
1995 Julinho 23 Brazil
1998 Nilson Esidio 25 Brazil
2003 Luis Alberto Bonnet 20 Argentina
2008 Miguel Ximénez 32 Uruguay

Presidential history[edit]

 
Name Years
Cristobal Jiménez 1926-
Blas Loredo Bascones 1956-59
Alfonso Raul Villegas 1960-63
Augusto Moral Santisteban 1964
Cesar Freundt 1965
Augusto Galvez Velarde 1966-71
Josue Grande Fernandez 1972-79
Jaime Noriega Zegarra 1980-88
 
Name Years
Federico Cuneo De La Pierda 1989-93
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 1994-95
Alfonso Grados Carraro 1996-99
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 2000-01
Jaime Noriega Bentin 2002-04
François Mujica Serelle 2005-10
Felipe Cantuarias Salaverry 2010-

Managerial History[edit]

 
Years Nationality Name
1956–58 Chile Luis Tirado
1958–59 Argentina César Viccino
1960 Argentina Carlos Peucelle
1960 Peru Víctor Pasache
1961–62 Peru Juan Honores
1962 Peru Víctor Pasache
1962–64 Brazil Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1964–66 Peru Alberto "Toto" Terry
1966 Brazil Yaldo Barbalho
1967–69 Brazil Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1969 Peru Víctor Pasache
1969–70 Argentina Vito Andrés "Sabino" Bártoli
1971 Germany Rudi Gutendorf
1972–74 Peru Marcos Calderón
1974 Peru Rafael Asca
1974–75 Peru Eloy Campos
1976 Peru Juan Honores
1976 Peru Víctor Pasache
1976–77 Peru Diego Agurto
1977 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1977–78 Uruguay Roque Máspoli
1978 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1978–79 Peru José Fernández
1979–81 Peru Marcos Calderón
1981–82 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1982–83 Paraguay César Cubilla
1984 Peru José Chiarella
1985 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1985 Peru José del Castillo
1985–86 Peru Héctor Chumpitaz
1987–88 Peru Miguel Company
1988 Peru Óscar Montalvo
1988–89 Peru Alberto Gallardo
 
Years Nationality Name
1989–90 Argentina
Argentina
Oscar López
Oscar Cavallero
1990 Peru Fernando Mellán
1990 Chile Eugenio Jara
1990–92 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
1993 Brazil José Carlos Amaral
1993–95 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
1996 Brazil José Luis Carbone
1996 Peru Roberto Mosquera
1996–97 Uruguay Sergio Markarián
1997–98 Chile Miguel Ángel Arrué
1998 Colombia Luis García
1998–99 Peru Franco Navarro
1999 Argentina Rodolfo Motta
1999–01 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
2001 Argentina Horacio Magalhaes
Jan 1, 2002–Dec 31, 2002 Brazil Paulo Autuori
2003 Brazil Renê Weber
2003–04 Peru Wilmar Valencia
2004 Peru Eduardo Asca
2004–05 Argentina Edgardo Bauza
May 22, 2005–Dec 17, 2006 Peru José del Solar
Jan 1, 2007–May 5, 2007 Argentina Jorge Sampaoli
2007 Argentina Walter Fiori
July 1, 2007–Dec 31, 2009 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
Jan 1, 2010–Dec 9, 2010 Peru Víctor Rivera
Dec 21, 2010–April 19, 2011 Argentina Guillermo Rivarola
April 20, 2011–Nov 23, 2011 Peru Juan Reynoso
Nov 23, 2011–Dec 31, 2011 Peru Francisco Melgar
Jan 1, 2012–Aug 7, 2013 Peru Roberto Mosquera
Aug 7, 2013–Aug 18, 2013 Peru Francisco Melgar (int.)
Aug 18, 2013–Dec 19, 2013 Argentina Claudio Vivas
Jan 1, 2014– Argentina Daniel Ahmed

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

Winners (16): 1956, 1961, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002, 2005, 2012
Runner-up (14): 1931, 1954, 1962, 1963, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004
Winners (2): 1994, 2003
Runner-up (4): 1997, 2001, 2006, 2008
Winners (4): 1998, 2002, 2004, 2005
Runner-up (2): 2000, 2008
Winners (3): 1989-I, 1991-I, 1991-I
Winners (1): 1982

International[edit]

Runner-up (1): 1997

Friendly International[edit]

Winners (2): 2001, 2006
Runner-up (1): 2002-II
Winners (1): 1988

Under-20 team[edit]

Runner-up (1): 2014 Torneo del Inca

Performance in CONMEBOL competitions[edit]

Runners-up (1): 1997
1962, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014
1994: Quarter-Finals
1998: First Round
1999: First Round
2000: First Round
2001: First Round
2012: Group Stage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Club Sporting Cristal - Plantel Profesional 2014". Club Sporting Cristal. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links[edit]