Sports in New York City

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Citi Field, home of the New York Mets in Queens.
The New York City Marathon is the largest marathon in the world.

Sports in New York City have a long and distinguished history. The city has several historic sports venues: the original Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees from 1923 to 2008, before the team moved into their new stadium in 2009, Ebbets Field, home of the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1913 until 1957, was torn down in 1960, and the Polo Grounds in northern Harlem was the home of the New York Giants of Major League Baseball from 1911 to 1957 (and the first home of the New York Mets) before being demolished in 1964. The Mets, who previously played at Shea Stadium, moved into the newly constructed Citi Field in 2009. Also the current Madison Square Garden, atop Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan, is actually the fourth separate building to use that name; the first two were near Madison Square, hence the name, and the third was at 50th Street and Eighth Avenue.

New York City was also the host of parts of the 1996 World Cup of Hockey, and the 1998 Goodwill Games. In 2005, New York City bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics, but lost to London. Upon the USOC reaching a new revenue-sharing agreement with the IOC in May 2012, New York has been mentioned as a potential candidate for the 2024 Summer Olympics.[1][2]

The New York City metropolitan area has ten teams in the five major North American professional sports leagues, each of which also has its headquarters in the city.

Baseball is the city's most closely followed sport. There have been fourteen World Series championship series between New York City teams, in matchups called Subway Series. New York is one of only two cities (Chicago being the other) and one of four metropolitan areas (the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay areas) to have two baseball teams. The city's two current Major League Baseball teams are the New York Yankees and the New York Mets. The city also was once home to the New York Giants (now the San Francisco Giants) and the Brooklyn Dodgers (now the Los Angeles Dodgers). Both teams moved to California in 1958. There are also two minor league baseball teams in the city, the Staten Island Yankees and Brooklyn Cyclones, with numerous independent minor league teams throughout the metro area.

Football is the city's second most followed sport, slightly trailing baseball. The city is represented in the National Football League by the New York Giants and New York Jets. Both teams play in MetLife Stadium in nearby East Rutherford, New Jersey near New York City. In 2014, the stadium hosted Super Bowl XLVIII. The teams have an intra-city rivalry, the only one of its kind in the NFL.

Basketball is one of the most widely played recreation sports in the city, and professional basketball is also widely followed. The city's National Basketball Association teams are the long-established New York Knicks and the Brooklyn Nets, who became the first sports team representing Brooklyn in over 50 years when they moved to the borough from New Jersey for the 2012–13 NBA season. The city's Women's National Basketball Association team is the New York Liberty. The first national basketball championship for major colleges, the National Invitation Tournament, was held in New York in 1938,[3] and its semifinal and final rounds remain in the city.[4] Rucker Park in Harlem is a celebrated court where many professional athletes play in the summer league. Because of the city's strong historical connections with both professional and college basketball, the New York Knicks' home arena, Madison Square Garden, is often called the "Mecca of basketball."[citation needed]

Ice hockey in New York is also widely popular and closely followed. The New York Rangers play in New York City in the National Hockey League, calling Madison Square Garden home. The New York Islanders, who currently play in the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Nassau County Long Island, will start playing in Brooklyn in 2015. The New Jersey Devils play in Newark, NJ, a short distance from the city. The Islanders' American Hockey League affiliate, the Bridgeport Sound Tigers, are based in southwest Connecticut.

In soccer, New York is represented by four teams, including the New York Red Bulls, and New York City FC of Major League Soccer, the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League, and Sky Blue FC of the National Women's Soccer League. The Red Bulls play their home games at Red Bull Arena in Harrison, New Jersey. New York City FC, a new team owned by Manchester City FC and the New York Yankees, will join the MLS by 2015. NYCFC have plans to build a soccer-specific stadium within the five boroughs of the city and for the team to also develop an intra-city rivalry with the Red Bulls. The New York Cosmos play their home games at James M. Shuart Stadium in Hempstead, New York and are also proposing a 25,000 seat stadium of their own to be constructed at the border of Queens and Nassau counties. Sky Blue FC play their home games at Yurcak Field in Piscataway Township, New Jersey at the campus of Rutgers University.

As a global city, New York supports many events outside these sports. Queens is host of the U.S. Tennis Open, one of the four Grand Slam tournaments. The New York City Marathon is the world's largest, and the 2004–2006 runnings hold the top three places in the marathons with the largest number of finishers, including 37,866 finishers in 2006.[5] The Millrose Games is an annual track and field meet whose featured event is the Wanamaker Mile. Boxing is also a very prominent part of the city's sporting scene, with events like the Amateur Boxing Golden Gloves being held at Madison Square Garden each year.

Many sports are associated with New York's immigrant communities. Stickball, a street version of baseball, was popularized by youths in working-class Italian, German, and Irish neighborhoods in the 1930s. In recent years, several amateur cricket leagues have emerged with the arrival of immigrants from South Asia and the Caribbean.[6]

Major sports[edit]

The New York metropolitan area is the only one in the United States with more than one team in each of the four major team sports, with nine such franchises. Counting these along with its one soccer team in Major League Soccer, New York has a total of ten sports teams in the five most important professional sports leagues in the USA.

Baseball[edit]

In New York, baseball is still regarded as the most popular sport, despite being overtaken by football in terms of perceived popularity (but not attendance) throughout the country, as based on TV ratings and consistent fan following for the entire season.

Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees in The Bronx.

The "Subway Series" is the annual regular season meeting between the New York Mets and the New York Yankees. Before interleague play was introduced in 1997, the only instance these two teams could have played each other would have been in the World Series. The Mets and Yankees did play for the World Series in 2000, with the Yankees winning the series 4–1.

For many New York baseball fans, the most intense rivalry is between the Yankees and the Boston Red Sox, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports.[7][8][9] While the city rivalry between the Mets and the Yankees is also fierce, it is not so strong to prevent fans of one team rooting for their fellow New York team over geographic rivals. For example, after the Mets beat the Red Sox in the 1986 World Series, many Yankee fans attended the parade celebrating the Mets' win, saying that "anyone who beats Boston is worth coming down for."[10] Another rivalry for New York baseball fans that is fierce, but not strong is the one between the Mets and the Philadelphia Phillies.

There have been 14 Subway Series World Series match-ups between the Yankees and their National League rivals; the Mets (once), and with the two teams that departed for California in the 1950s — the Brooklyn Dodgers (7 times) and New York Giants (6 times).

New York City is also home to two minor league baseball teams that play in the short-season Class A New York - Penn League. The Brooklyn Cyclones are a Mets affiliate, and the Staten Island Yankees are affiliated with the Yankees. One Atlantic League of Professional Baseball team plays in the New York area. The Long Island Ducks of Central Islip, New York play in Bethpage Ballpark. Since 2010, Nassau County, New York has been in talks with the Atlantic League to bring a rival team to Uniondale, New York.

New York has historically had many short-lived baseball clubs including the New York Mutuals, Brooklyn Atlantics, Brooklyn Enterprise, Excelsior of Brooklyn and Brooklyn Eckfords of the National Association of Baseball Players; the New York Knickerbockers, one of the first baseball teams; the New York Metropolitans and Brooklyn Gladiators of the American Association (19th century); the New York Giants (PL) and Brooklyn Ward's Wonders of the Players' League; the Brooklyn Tip-Tops of the Federal League; the Brooklyn Bushwicks of an independent league; and the New York Highlanders and Brooklyn Bridegrooms, precursors to the Yankees and Dodgers. Negro league baseball teams also were present in New York, including the Brooklyn Royal Giants, Newark Stars, Lincoln Giants, Newark Browns, New York Black Yankees, New York Cubans, and the Newark Eagles.

In 1858 in Corona, Queens, at the Fashion Race Course, the first games of baseball to charge admission took place. The games, which took place between the all stars of Brooklyn, including players from the Brooklyn Atlantics, Excelsior of Brooklyn, Putnams and Eckford of Brooklyn, and the All Stars of New York (Manhattan), including players from the New York Knickerbockers, Gothams (predecessors of the San Francisco Giants), Eagles and Empire, are commonly believed to the first all star baseball games.[11]

Two historical clubs, the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants, were among the most storied clubs of professional baseball, and were home to such players as Jackie Robinson and Willie Mays. The two teams left for California—the Dodgers for Los Angeles and the Giants for San Francisco—in 1957. The city currently has two Major League Baseball teams, the Mets (who were formed in 1962 to replace the Dodgers and, to a lesser extent, the Giants), and the Yankees.

Major League Baseball's headquarters are located in New York City, at 245 Park Avenue in Manhattan.[12]

Basketball[edit]

Barclays Center, home of the Brooklyn Nets and the future home of the New York Islanders in Brooklyn.

The first national basketball championship for major colleges, the National Invitation Tournament, was held in New York in 1938, and its semifinal and final rounds remain at Madison Square Garden. The NIT has spawned a major preseason tournament known as the NIT Season Tip-Off; the semifinal and final rounds of that event are also held at the Garden.

At Madison Square Garden, New Yorkers can watch the New York Knicks play NBA basketball, while the New York Liberty play in the WNBA. The Barclays Center in Brooklyn is home to the Brooklyn Nets NBA basketball team. The Nets began playing in Brooklyn in 2012, the first major professional sports team to play in the historic borough in half a century. Before the merger of the defunct American Basketball Association with the NBA during the 1976–1977 season, the New York Nets, who shared the same home stadium (Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum) in Long Island with the NHL's New York Islanders, were a two-time champion in the ABA and starred the famous Hall of Fame forward Julius Erving. During the first season of the merger (1976-77), the Nets continued to play in Long Island, although Erving's contract had by then been sold to the Philadelphia 76ers. The Nets transferred to New Jersey then next season and became known as the New Jersey Nets, and later moved to Brooklyn prior to the 2012-2013 NBA season.

The Knicks have won two NBA titles (1970–1971 and 1972–1973). The 1970 title was particularly memorable, as there was a question before the pivotal Game 7 in Madison Square Garden as to whether star center Willis Reed of the Knicks, who had been injured in Game 5 and missed Game 6, would be able to play. But after both teams had already begun their pre-game shooting practice and warm-ups, Reed suddenly appeared at the court in uniform before an astonished crowd at Madison Square Garden, and when the game began, he started at center and hit the first two baskets for the Knicks, inspiring his team to a 113–99 victory. Reed's inspiring appearance in Game 7 is usually considered among the most dramatic sequences in NBA history and ranks third in the NBA 60 Greatest Playoff Moments. Despite the Knicks' comparative lack of championships, NBA lore has been enriched with the team's many exciting playoff battles through the years with such fierce rivals as the Chicago Bulls, Indiana Pacers, Miami Heat, and Boston Celtics.

Rucker Park in Harlem is a celebrated court where many NBA athletes play in the summer league.

The NBA's headquarters are located in New York City, at Fifth Avenue's Olympic Tower.[13]

American Football[edit]

MetLife Stadium, home to both the New York Giants and the New York Jets.

In 2010, both the New York Giants and the New York Jets play in MetLife Stadium in nearby East Rutherford, New Jersey near New York City. In 2014 the stadium hosted Super Bowl XLVIII. The Giants and Jets were previously located in New York City (both teams played in the Polo Grounds and Shea Stadium, and the Giants played in Yankee Stadium). Neither team plays in the city itself presently, as both teams are located in the Meadowlands complex in East Rutherford, NJ, playing in Giants Stadium for many years before moving to MetLife Stadium. The Giants, a keystone NFL franchise, were founded in 1925, and exist today as one of the oldest presently active organizations in the NFL. Due to their long-spanning establishment and richer tradition of on-field success, as compared to the Jets, of the two teams, many consider the Giants to be the more popular. Founded in 1960, the originally named New York Titans, later branded as the Jets in 1963, were a charter member of the American Football League (AFL), joining the NFL as part of the AFL/NFL merger in 1970.

New York City also had many historical professional teams. The first professional team in New York was called both the New York Giants and Brooklyn Giants (unrelated to the current New York Giants), and played in the predecessor to the NFL, the American Professional Football Association, in 1921. In 1926, the New York Yankees and Brooklyn Horsemen played in the American Football League, and on the same year, the Brooklyn Lions played in the National Football League before the Horsemen and Lions merged in November and folded at season's end. The Lions' NFL franchise rights were given to the Yankees, who competed in the NFL from 1927–1928. When the Yankees folded, its rights were given to the existing barnstorming team Staten Island Stapletons, who played in the NFL until 1932 when it stopped league play and later also folded.

In 1930, the NFL Brooklyn Dodgers began play at Ebbets Field. The team lasted until 1944, calling themselves the Brooklyn Tigers that last season but going winless. In 1945, the team was merged with the Boston Yanks and played one more home game in Brooklyn that season as the Yanks.

Another team going by the name New York Yankees played in the second AFL in 1936 and 1937. The league also had a Brooklyn Tigers club in 1936, but the team never played in Brooklyn and folded after only seven games. A third incarnation of the Yankees played in the third AFL in 1940 under the Yankees name, and then in 1941 as the New York Americans. Another version of the New York Yankees was a short-lived member of the American Association

In 1946, the new All-America Football Conference had yet another set of Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Yankees teams. These clubs lasted until 1948, after which they merged with each other. The renamed Brooklyn-New York Yankees folded after one season when the AAFC merged with the NFL.

The New York Bulldogs were founded in 1949, sharing the Polo Grounds with the New York Giants, and then being renamed as the New York Yanks and playing in the NFL in the 1950 and 1951 seasons. In 1952, the team was relocated to Texas and renamed as the Dallas Texans.

In the 1974, New York briefly hosted a team known as the New York Stars for the short-lived World Football League, but in mid-season the team was relocated to Charlotte and became the Charlotte Hornets.

In 1988, the New York Knights played for one season as part of the Arena Football League, and then ceased operations. In 1997, another AFL team was founded, the New York CityHawks, renamed as the New England Sea Wolves in 1999, and then relocated to Toronto in 2001 and renamed as the Toronto Phantoms, at which point the AFL's Iowa Barnstormers relocated to Long Island and were renamed the New York Dragons. The Dragons played in New York until 2008, when the league folded.

Shea Stadium and vicinity, with Manhattan in the background, 1981

The Jets are sometimes regarded as "Long Island's Team" supported by the fact that until 2008, the team trained in Hempstead at Hofstra University, and used to play at Shea Stadium (former home of the New York Mets baseball team) which is close to Nassau County. Statistically, the largest percentage of the Jets fanbase derives from Long Island, hence, the Jets generally receive more media coverage in that part of New York.[14] Fans of both the Giants and Jets traditionally root for both the New York Yankees and the New York Mets as well as both the New York Knicks and the Brooklyn Nets of the NBA and also both the New York Rangers and the New York Islanders of the NHL.

Along with New York's two NFL teams, NYC is home to the New York Sharks. [2] The NY Sharks are NYC's premier professional women's tackle football team. Established in 1999 the Sharks are the longest-running and winningest team in women's tackle football having won 3 conference titles (2002, 2003, 2004 IWFL East), 6 division titles (2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 IWFL) and one championship title(2002 IWFL). The Sharks play at many fields and have no official home stadium. The season for women's football is from April to June with playoffs and the championship game occurring from June to July. As of 2011 the Sharks are now with the WFA (Women's Football Alliance [3]) along with the Bay Area Bandits, Boston Militia, Chicago Force, Dallas Diamonds, DC Divas, Kansas City Tribe, Pittsburgh Passion, and the San Diego Surge in an effort to bring together the best franchises of women's football.

In 2001, the short-lived XFL experiment lead to the New York/New Jersey Hitmen to play at Giants Stadium until the league folded.

The NFL's headquarters are located in New York City, at 345 Park Avenue in Manhattan.[15]

Ice Hockey[edit]

The National Hockey League also has a large following in the NY area, especially the New York Rangers who play in Madison Square Garden, located in midtown Manhattan. The Rangers are one of the Original Six — a term given to the six NHL teams in existence before the league doubled its size in 1967. The primary fan base for the Rangers is New York City proper and the northern suburbs.

The New York Islanders, the second NHL team in the Metro area, play their home games in Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum on Long Island, which (except for Brooklyn and Queens until 2015) is their primary fan base. The Islanders will begin playing in Brooklyn in 2015 when they move into the Barclays Center. These two teams play in the Metropolitan Division, providing fans with intense rivalries. However, along with the New Jersey Devils, who play in nearby Newark, New Jersey (and thus have the New Jersey side of the NYC area as their primary fan base), the teams also have bitter rivalries with the Philadelphia Flyers. The Devils formerly played in East Rutherford, New Jersey from 1982-2007.

There is an intense rivalry between the Rangers and Devils. Prior to the 2012 season, they have met in the playoffs five times. Their first playoff meeting took place in the 1994 Eastern Conference Finals, ending in a dramatic double-overtime goal by the Rangers' Stephane Matteau during the 7th and deciding game. The Devils took a 3–2 series lead into Game 6 in New Jersey and jumped out to a 2–0 lead. However, Mark Messier's famous guarantee and hat-trick led the Rangers to victory and a seventh game. As time wound down in Game 7, the Rangers were clinging to a 1–0 lead on a goal when New Jersey's Valeri Zelepukin tied the game with 7.7 seconds left in regulation to silence the Garden crowd and send the game into overtime, where Matteau won it for the Rangers. Prior to 2012, the two teams have met four other times in postseason play; the Devils' win in 2006 was their only playoff series victory over the Rangers. Most recently, the Rangers and the Devils met for the sixth time in the playoffs, where they are competed in the 2012 Eastern Conference Finals. The Rangers lost to the Devils in six games.

Though the rivalry has cooled recently, the Islanders and Rangers had a bitter rivalry in the 1970s and the 1980s, as the Islanders won four consecutive Stanley Cup titles; the Rangers won their most recent NHL championship in the 1994 Stanley Cup Finals, the fourth Cup victory in that team's history. The two teams have met eight times in the playoffs, with the Islanders winning five of those matchups.

New York City also had a historical NHL team, the New York Americans (also known as the Amerks, and in 1941–42, the Brooklyn Americans), whom played between 1925 to 1942. They were the first hockey team to play in the city, and for most of the life of the franchise shared Madison Square Garden with the Rangers. The franchise was never a big winner, and disbanded during World War II due to financial problems and a depleted roster. The World Hockey Association team called the New York Raiders and later the New York Golden Blades played at Madison Square Garden and Cherry Hill, New Jersey from 1972 til 1974 when they moved to San Diego. A few historical minor league hockey teams played in the New York area in the Eastern Hockey League. The New York Rovers started as a farm team of the Rangers in 1935 playing at Madison Square Garden. They moved to the Long Island Arena in 1959 and became the Long Island Ducks (ice hockey) until 1973.

The NHL's headquarters are also located in New York City, at the Exxon Building in Sixth Avenue.[16]

Soccer[edit]

Soccer is, as in the rest of the country, rapidly growing in popularity in New York. The New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer have played in the metropolitan area since the league's founding in 1996. Owned by the Austrian beverage company Red Bull, they play in a new stadium in Harrison, New Jersey that was completed in 2010. The venue, named Red Bull Arena, is a soccer-specific stadium with a capacity of just over 25,000.[17] In 2013, the Red Bulls won their first MLS Supporters' Shield honor in the history of the club.[18][19]

On May 21, 2013, the MLS announced that the 20th team in the MLS will be the New York City FC, jointly owned by the English club Manchester City FC and the baseball team, the New York Yankees. They will begin playing in the MLS in 2015 at Yankee Stadium, in the Bronx. Its eventual home stadium is yet to be determined with finality, though the MLS is in the process of planning a new stadium to be constructed at the dilapidated Industry Pond in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Queens, which has met resistance from community groups as well as from the New York Mets, whom play nearby.[20]

The New York City area is also home to the New York Cosmos, whose 1970's iteration was arguably the most popular American soccer team ever. Playing in the original North American Soccer League, the Cosmos were known for fielding some of the world's greatest players including Pelé, Franz Beckenbauer, and Giorgio Chinaglia. In 2013, the club won their sixth championship in the North American Soccer League at Soccer Bowl 2013.[21][22][23] After reviving the club in 2010 from its dormant state post 1985, the New York Cosmos club returned to league play in 2013.[24] The team plays its games at James M. Shuart Stadium at Hofstra University in Hempstead, NY. The stadium was also the home of the club from 1972 to 1973.[25] The Cosmos are currently proposing to build a new $400 million 25,000-seat stadium near Belmont Park on the border between Queens and Nassau County, and are awaiting New York State approval.[26]

Sky Blue FC is one of the eight charter teams and nine current members of the National Women's Soccer League, the third attempt to launch a women's professional league in the US. The team plays its home games in New Jersey at Yurcak Field on the campus of Rutgers University. Its first NWSL season in 2013 ended in a playoff loss to the Western New York Flash. The organization had previously been charter members of NWSL's effective predecessor, Women's Professional Soccer. The league started play in 2009; Sky Blue became the league's inaugural champion despite finishing fourth in the league during the regular season, which meant that they had to play on the road in all three WPS playoff games.

Major League Soccer's headquarters are located in New York City, at 420 Fifth Avenue.[27]

New York Cosmos' headquarters are also located in New York City, at 75 Greene Street, SOHO, NY 10012[28]

Notable New York City Area Teams[edit]

The following is a list of notable New York City area sports teams, which play in one of the top 5 professional sports leagues in North America (NFL Football, MLB Baseball, NBA Basketball, NHL Ice Hockey, and MLS Soccer)

Club League Venue Location Established Championships Local Cable Network
Yankees, New YorkNew York Yankees MLB Baseball Yankee Stadium Bronx, NY 1901 27 YES Network
Giants, New YorkNew York Giants NFL Football MetLife Stadium East Rutherford, NJ 1925 8 MSG Network
Rangers, New YorkNew York Rangers NHL Ice Hockey Madison Square Garden Manhattan, NY 1926 4 MSG Network
Knicks, New YorkNew York Knicks NBA Basketball Madison Square Garden Manhattan, NY 1946 2 MSG Network
Jets, New YorkNew York Jets NFL Football MetLife Stadium East Rutherford, NJ 1960 1 SportsNet New York
Mets, New YorkNew York Mets MLB Baseball Citi Field Queens, NY 1962 2 SportsNet New York
Nets, BrooklynBrooklyn Nets NBA Basketball Barclays Center Brooklyn, NY 1967 2 YES Network
Islanders, New YorkNew York Islanders NHL Ice Hockey Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum Uniondale, NY 1972 4 MSG Plus
Devils, New JerseyNew Jersey Devils NHL Ice Hockey Prudential Center Newark, NJ 1974 3 MSG Plus
Red Bulls, New YorkNew York Red Bulls MLS Soccer Red Bull Arena Harrison, NJ 1995 0 MSG Network
New York City FC MLS Soccer Yankee Stadium Bronx, NY 2013 0 YES Network

Current issues and new stadiums[edit]

The 2000s have seen almost a complete revamping of the area's major sporting venues. This began in 2007, when the Devils moved to Newark, NJ and opened the Prudential Center. In 2009, both the Mets and Yankees opened new baseball stadiums adjacent to their old homes, with the Mets replacing Shea Stadium with Citi Field and the Yankees building a new Yankee Stadium. In 2010, the Jets and Giants moved to a new shared facility called New Meadowlands Stadium (now MetLife Stadium) and the Red Bulls opened their own soccer-specific stadium in Harrison, NJ called Red Bull Arena (the three had previously shared Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, NJ). In 2012, the Nets moved from New Jersey to the Barclays Center in Brooklyn and became the Brooklyn Nets. The Islanders will follow the Nets into Brooklyn in 2015.

Other sports-related renovations and construction work is as follows:

  • Madison Square Garden, the home of the Knicks and Rangers, is in the process of a massive renovation. The $850 million project began in 2010 and will be complete in time for the 2013–14 NHL and NBA seasons. The transformation will include a rebuilding of the seating bowl and concourses, new luxury suites, new LED scoreboard and ribbon boards, and two new spectator bridges that will span 65 feet (20 m) above the arena on each side of the playing surface.
  • On August 15, 2013, the Nassau County government announced that Forest City Ratner had won the bid for the renovation of the Nassau Coliseum, which will be vacated by the Islanders in 2015, pending approval from the Nassau legislature and the Hempstead town government.[29][30] Ratner's proposal called for a reduction of the Coliseum’s seating capacity to 13,000 and an aesthetic revamp of the arena’s interior and concrete facade designed by SHoP Architects, the firm which designed the Barclays Center, which would cost the group approximately $89 million. As part of his bid, the Islanders would play 6 games per season in the arena, the Brooklyn Nets would play one exhibition game, and a minor league hockey team would call the arena home.[31][32]
  • Previously Major League Soccer was spearheading the search for a new soccer-specific stadium within city limits for use by the 20th MLS expansion team. After narrowing the locations down to six, amongst them being Pier 40 in Manhattan, Greenpoint in Brooklyn and the area near Citi Field in Queens, the league zeroed in on the dilapidated Fountain of Industry site in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens in June 2012.[20] The site was also previously discussed as a possible location for the New York Jets to build a stadium after their West Side Stadium project fell through, but the Jets opted to remain in New Jersey instead.[33] However, the Flushing site faced opposition from local communities regarding the usage of park space, as well as the New York Mets, who play nearby, and the project is possibly dead.[34] The New York City FC expansion team has since taken over the stadium search, with the Bronx as a possible location for a stadium.[35]
  • The New York Cosmos North American Soccer League team has also proposed to construct a new 25,000-seat soccer-specific stadium at an existing parking lot adjacent to the Belmont Park racetrack in Elmont, straddling the border between Queens and Nassau County, along with mix-used development nearby. Plans for the $400 million project were submitted to the Empire State Development Corporation as a response to a request for proposal. A decision will be made on the proposal sometime in 2013.[36]

Other sports[edit]

Auto Racing[edit]

The CART series held a race at the Meadowlands from 1984–1991. ISC and NASCAR unsuccessfully attempted to build a speedway in Staten Island. Another possible Meadowlands speedway project (Liberty Speedway) was discussed but abandoned in the early 2000s.

Starting in 2014, plans call for a Formula One race, the Grand Prix of America, to be held on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. The race will be held on the Port Imperial Street Circuit, a 3.2-mile (5.1 km) circuit to be built using existing streets in Weehawken and West New York around Weehawken Port Imperial.

Cricket[edit]

With around 20% of the New York City area's population originating from a cricket-playing nation, it is not surprising that cricket's popularity is rising.[37] The majority of players are expatriate and look to cricket to provide a link back to their homes: Often teams are composed of one ethnic or national background – and linked to local social clubs.

Since the players are mostly politically weak and financially strapped immigrants, the sport lacks consistent central funding. Combine these factors with the politics and mis-management of the USACA, and the result is that most facilities are poor; there are no turf wickets (most cricket is played on coconut matting), the outfields are often shared with active soccer games, and the facilities are rudimentary.

Despite all the challenges, the standard of cricket can be very good with ex-test and regional representatives playing in some leagues (e.g. the Commonwealth League). Like any other weekend sport there are also places for the less-skilled enthusiast to play (e.g. the Tri State World Series League).

New York is the center of the region's cricket, the nexus between all the activity in New York, Connecticut and New Jersey. Most clubs play in the major parks in the outer boroughs, for example:

  • Bronx – Van Courtlandt Park
  • Brooklyn – Prospect Park/Breezy Point
  • Queens – Flushing Meadow/Randall's Island
  • Staten Island – New Dorp (by Miller Field)
  • Note – there are no cricket grounds on Manhattan.

Most teams also play further afield. The oldest cricket team in America is based in Staten Island, and there are other active teams from Hoboken, New Jersey to Greenwich, Connecticut.

Field Hockey[edit]

There is a thriving field hockey competition in New York City played predominantly by European and Commonwealth expats. The North East Field Hockey Association is run by the member clubs and games are played at Columbia University, Hofstra University, DeWitt Clinton High School and Drew University. The current champions are Rye FHC. Teams from New York also regularly compete in indoor and outdoor tournaments around the country.

Horse racing[edit]

Aqueduct Racetrack (the Big A) and Belmont Park feature horse racing all months of the year except August. Aqueduct is located within the city limits in Ozone Park, while Belmont is situated just outside the city, in Elmont, New York. Harness racing is offered at Yonkers Raceway north of the city and Meadowlands Racetrack in East Rutherford, New Jersey.

Lacrosse[edit]

The New York metropolitan area is also home to professional lacrosse teams such as the Long Island Lizards and the New Jersey Pride in Major League Lacrosse. The New York Titans (lacrosse) also played in the New York area before moving to Orlando.

Rugby League[edit]

The City contributes actively with two semi professional rugby league football sides, New York Raiders, who play at Andrews Field, and the New York Knights, who play at Hudson River Park's Pier 40 in Manhattan. The Raiders have yet to win a trophy while the Knights have won the Championship twice in 2002 and 2009. New York City consistently produce players of international standard who play in the United States national rugby league team.

Rugby Union[edit]

The city has two division one rugby union teams, the New York Athletic Club RFC, which was established in 1973 and the Old Blue, both who play in the Rugby Super League (rugby union). The city has other amateur rugby union clubs as well, paying in the Metropolitan New York Rugby Football Union. The clubs have contributed to the national team, the Eagles, who have participated at the Rugby Union World Cup.

Running[edit]

The New York City Marathon is an annual marathon foot-race run over a 42.2 km (26.2 mi) course through the five boroughs of New York City. Next to the Boston Marathon, it is considered the pre-eminent long-distance annual running event in the United States.

The race is produced by the New York Road Runners and has been run every year since 1970. In recent years, it has also been sponsored by financial giant ING. It is held on the first Sunday of November and attracts professional competitors and amateurs from all over the world. Because of the popularity of the race, participation is limited to 35,000 entrants chosen by a lottery system, with preference given to previous participants.

The Millrose Games is an annual indoor track and field meet held on the first Friday in February in Madison Square Garden since 1914. The games were started when employees of the Wanamaker's department store formed the Millrose Track Club to hold a meet. The featured event is the Wanamaker Mile.

Tennis[edit]

The U.S. Tennis Open is the fourth and final event of the Grand Slam tennis tournaments and is held annually in late summer at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows Park in Queens. The main tournament consists of five championships: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for junior and wheelchair players.

The National Tennis Center, open to the public whenever the USTA is not holding an event, features the world's largest stadium built specifically for the sport, the 22,547-seat Arthur Ashe Stadium.

Ultimate[edit]

The New York Rumble is one of eight professional Ultimate frisbee teams that compete in Major League Ultimate. The team played in the MLU's inaugural season in 2013.[38]

Vovinam - Viet Vo Dao - Martial Art[edit]

Specialty : Flying scissors to the neck. The opponent is forced to the ground with a twist of the body.

Vovinam (Vietnamese: Việt Võ Đạo, Martial Arts of Vietnam) is a Vietnamese martial art.

Vovinam is practiced with and without weapons. It is based on the principle of between hard and soft. It includes training of the body as well as the mind. It uses force and reaction of the opponent. Vovinam also includes hand, elbow, kicks, escape- and levering techniques. Both attack and defense techniques are trained, as well as forms, combat and traditional wrestling. The wide range of techniques include punching, kicking etc. as well as forms, wrestling, sword, staff, axe, folding fan and others.[39][40]

Specialties

Vovinam has some specialised techniques:

  1. Đòn Chân
    A group of leg grappling techniques that is designed to grab the opponent by the feet or legs and take them down using twisting motions usable as a surprise attack in a fight. There are 21 leg grappling techniques.
  2. Đấm Lao
    A backfist swung reversely to the temple.
  3. Đá Cạnh
    A diagonally applied kick.

Women's Professional Basketball[edit]

The New York Liberty are one of the original teams of the WNBA, which was formed in 1997. The team is based out of Madison Square Garden. During a massive renovation project at the arena between 2011 and 2013, the Liberty temporarily played their home games at the Prudential Center in Newark, NJ.

Other sports[edit]

The Suffolk Sting are a professional inline hockey team and part of the PIHA. They play at the Rapid Fire Arena on Long Island.

The New York Arrows represented the New York area in the Major Soccer League (MISL) from 1978 to 1984 at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum

Gaelic games have been played in New York since the foundation of the Gaelic Athletic Association. New York is considered a GAA county and plays in the Connacht Senior Football Championship.

The United States Australian Football League is the biggest League of Australian rules football in the United States and the New York team is called The New York Magpies it is affiliated with the Collingwood Football Club.

Squash is organized by the New York Squash which was formerly known as New York Metropolitan Squash Racquets Association which was founded in 1924 and incorporated in 1932. This organization is a not for profit.[41]

Gotham Girls Roller Derby and the New York Shock Exchange compete in, respectively, the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA) and the Men's Roller Derby Association (MRDA). Gotham Girls Roller Derby won the WFTDA's title in 2008, 2011, and 2012, while the Shock Exchange won the MRDA titles in 2010 and 2011. The amateur teams play in various venues in the New York area. Both leagues compete with internally defined teams as well as against squads from around the world.

New York City Arm Wrestling

NY Arm Wrestling features the multi-Event NY Golden Arm Series that culminates into the Empire State Golden Arm Tournament of Champions (Official New York State Arm Wrestling Championships). The NYC Big Apple Grapple International features the crowning of the Annual King and Queen of Arms. Arm Wrestling is a spectator / public participation “sport for everyone”. A cross-section of the young adult community and even a majority of people over 50 years old are catapulting Arm Wrestling into the spotlight as fun sports entertainment, where the spectators sometimes compete and become the show. New York Arm Wrestling is a sport where anyone can compete regardless of age, sex, weight, dexterity or experience. NY Arm Wrestling has a captive, cheering audience where every match has a favorite and underdog.

Arm Wrestling was once perceived by many as more of a barroom grudge match between macho muscle drunks rather than a legitimate sport. Now however, thanks to the endeavors of The New York Arm Wrestling Association and organized arm wrestling organizations around the world that image has changed forever.

Today's arm wrestling devotees -- male and female, amateur and professional, blue and white collar are serious about this popular and emerging age-old sport. Today’s participants are health and fitness conscious, and bring dedication, discipline and enthusiasm to their chosen endeavor.

The appeal of Arm Wrestling spans a broad spectrum. Almost anyone can compete for the sheer fun of it. For example, arm wrestling beginners can compete with no prior experience, specialized training or expensive equipment. However, advanced or pro arm wrestling is very different. Professional Arm Wrestling is ultimately a test of a competitor's endurance, tenacity, fitness, dedicated practice, technique and the development of overall arm, hand and tendon strength. There might be a tense look of fearce intimidation before the match but alwaya a hand shke and even hug to the winner.

The unpredictability of the sport helps give arm wrestling an edge when it comes to attracting new participants, spectators and the media. You never know who might emerge on tournament day, as the "Cinderella" story. New contestants sometime try the sport for the first time, loose and never compete again. Most new beginners have never competed before in a major competition but, brag of ‘never been beaten’. This might be true in their local surroundings, but reality comes into play when they compete in formal competition and outside of the local neighborhood challengers and onto the professional padded arm wrestling table. Most important is Safty: NY Arm Wrestling rules are explained prior the tournament and safety is a major factor and must be taken seriously. A photo is shown by the referees to the contestants of the 'Break Arm Position' and arm wrestling referees are schooled to watch for this position and would immediatey stop the match and foul the contestant.


New York is considered to be the "world capital" of one-wall handball.[citation needed]

College sports[edit]

Although the New York area is home to numerous colleges, many of which have rich athletic histories, college sports is a somewhat less visible part of the regional sports landscape.

The following NCAA Division I schools are located in the metropolitan area, as most broadly defined. The following details about the table should be noted:

  • Schools are in New York state unless otherwise indicated.
  • The "Conference" column includes each school's primary affiliation.
  • All affiliations listed here current as of the 2013–14 school year.
  • The "Football" column indicates the following:
Team School City Conference Football
Army Black Knights United States Military Academy West Point Patriot League FBS (independent)
Columbia Lions Columbia University New York City (Manhattan) Ivy League FCS
Fairfield Stags Fairfield University Fairfield, CT MAAC No
Fairleigh Dickinson Knights Fairleigh Dickinson University[a 1] Teaneck, NJ Northeast No
Fordham Rams Fordham University New York City (The Bronx) Atlantic 10 FCS (Patriot League)
Hofstra Pride Hofstra University Hempstead CAA No
Iona Gaels Iona College New Rochelle MAAC No
LIU Brooklyn Blackbirds Long Island University-Brooklyn[a 2] New York City (Brooklyn) Northeast No
Manhattan Jaspers and Lady Jaspers Manhattan College New York City (The Bronx) MAAC No
Monmouth Hawks Monmouth University West Long Branch, NJ MAAC FCS (independent)[a 3]
NJIT Highlanders New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ Independent[a 4] No
Princeton Tigers Princeton University Princeton, NJ Ivy League FCS
Quinnipiac Bobcats Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT MAAC No
Rider Broncs Rider University Lawrenceville, NJ MAAC No
Rutgers Scarlet Knights Rutgers University[a 5] Piscataway, NJ The American[a 6] FBS
Sacred Heart Pioneers Sacred Heart University Fairfield, CT Northeast No
St. Francis Brooklyn Terriers St. Francis College New York City (Brooklyn) Northeast No
St. John's Red Storm St. John's University New York City (Queens) Big East No
Saint Peter's Peacocks and Peahens Saint Peter's University Jersey City, NJ MAAC No
Seton Hall Pirates Seton Hall University South Orange, NJ Big East No
Stony Brook Seawolves State University of New York at Stony Brook Stony Brook America East FCS (CAA)
Wagner Seahawks Wagner College New York City (Staten Island) Northeast FCS
Yale Bulldogs Yale University New Haven, CT Ivy League FCS
  1. ^ More accurately, the Knights represent the university's Metropolitan Campus, which straddles Teaneck and Hackensack. FDU's College at Florham, located in Madison, New Jersey, has a separate NCAA Division III athletic program.
  2. ^ LIU's other campus, the Post campus in Brookville, has a separate NCAA Division II athletic program.
  3. ^ Monmouth will join the Big South Conference for football only in 2014.
  4. ^ NJIT had been a member of the Great West Conference, but all four of the other all-sports members of that conference announced plans to move to other leagues for 2013–14.
  5. ^ More accurately, the Scarlet Knights represent the school's main campus, Rutgers–New Brunswick, which is divided between New Brunswick and Piscataway. Most of the athletic facilities are in Piscataway. The other two campuses of Rutgers, in Camden and Newark, have separate memberships in NCAA Division III.
  6. ^ Rutgers will spend the 2013–14 school year in The American before moving to the Big Ten.

Sports culture[edit]

Although in much of the rest of the country American football has surpassed baseball as the most popular professional sport, in New York baseball arguably still stirs the most passion and interest.[weasel words] A championship win by any major sports team is considered to be worthy of the highest celebration, including a ticker-tape parade for the victorious team. In the past, ticker-tape parades have been held for the Yankees, Mets, Giants and Rangers. New Yorkers, however, tend to rally around any of the local teams who win (such as the 1994 Stanley Cup champions New York Rangers, or the 2007 New York Giants).

Rivalries[edit]

Due to their geographic locations, New York has intense sports rivalries with the cities of Boston and Philadelphia.

Boston[edit]

Decades before professional baseball became popular, New York and Boston claimed distinctive versions of bat-and-ball games. A variant of baseball known as The Massachusetts Game was played in New England in the 1850s, while New York teams played by the Knickerbocker Rules set up by Alexander Cartwright. The New York rules eventually became the basis for the modern sport of baseball.

Teams in Boston and New York offer some of the best rivalries in their respective sports, none are more famous, however, then the longtime feud between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox in Major League Baseball. The viciousness and fierceness of the rivalry has led to the New York–Boston rivalry being evident between the New York Jets and the New England Patriots in the National Football League and the New York Knicks and the Boston Celtics in the National Basketball Association.[42] The New York Rangers have been longtime rivals with the Boston Bruins also due to the fact that both teams are members of the National Hockey League's Original Six franchises, but this has been eclipsed by the Metropolitan Division rivalries in recent years.

The rivalry has also spread to other teams not in the same league, The 1986 World Series between the New York Mets and the Boston Red Sox is considered a classic especially the 6th game and the famous Bill Buckner error. The New York Giants and New England Patriots have played two classic Super Bowls, Super Bowl XLII which features the Eli Manning to David Tyree catch and Super Bowl XLVI.

Philadelphia[edit]

In each of the four sports leagues, there is intra-division competition between teams from New York and Philadelphia, as seen in the rivalries between the New York Mets and the Philadelphia Phillies in Major League Baseball, the New York Giants and the Philadelphia Eagles in the National Football League, and the New York Rangers and the Philadelphia Flyers in the National Hockey League.[43] There is also a rivalry between the New York Knicks and the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association, although it is not as intense as the other three rivalries.

However, New York NHL teams' primary rivals are one another, although they have intense rivalries with the Flyers—since, unlike baseball and football, the three local NHL teams are in the same division and are therefore in direct competition with one another.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IOC agrees revenue-sharing deal with USOC". Insidethegames.biz. May 24, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "A New York City Olympic Games Considered". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ The NAIA men's basketball tournament predates the NIT by one year, but it was established as a tournament for smaller schools, and the NAIA remains a governing body for smaller institutions.
  4. ^ "Postseason Overview". National Invitation Tournament. Archived from the original on May 29, 2007. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  5. ^ World's Largest Marathons, Association of International Marathons and Distance Races. Accessed June 28, 2007.
  6. ^ Sas, Adrian (Producer) (2006). It's my Park: Cricket (TV-Series). New York City: Nystv. 
  7. ^ Shaughnessy, Dan (2005). Reversing the Curse. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 21. ISBN 0-618-51748-0. 
  8. ^ Frommer, Harvey; Frommer, Frederic J. (2004). Red Sox vs. Yankees: The Great Rivalry. Sports Publishing, LLC. p. 78. ISBN 1-58261-767-8. 
  9. ^ Bodley, Hal (October 21, 2004). "Sport's ultimate rivalry; Yanks-Red Sox epic battles go way back". USA Today. p. 3C. Retrieved January 26, 2011. 
  10. ^ Andrews, Dan (October 29, 1986). "Ticker tape blizzard grips Gotham". United Press International. 
  11. ^ The 1858 Fashion Race Course Baseball Match, Baseball Almanac, http://www.baseball-almanac.com/treasure/autont2006b.shtml Accessed August 5, 2013
  12. ^ "Major League Baseball New York, NY United States". Copyright © 2012, Hoover's Inc., All Rights Reserved. Retrieved May 11, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Seherr-Thoss of FirstService Williams negotiates 153,405 s/f lease; Assisted by Jaccom, Freedman, Plehn and Plakopita". Nerej.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  14. ^ Cimini, Rich (August 16, 2008). "Jets leave plenty of stories behind in Hempstead". New York Daily News. 
  15. ^ Adam SchefterNFLFollowArchive (September 23, 2011). "Remembering the hit on Drew Bledose that led to the emergence of Tom Brady". ESPN. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  16. ^ A Frosty Headquarters for the N.H.L.
  17. ^ "About Red Bull Arena". Redbullarena.us. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  18. ^ Panizo, Franco. "New York Red Bulls 5, Chicago Fire 2 | MLS Match Recap". Major League Soccer. 
  19. ^ Lalas, Greg. "Curse broken! New York Red Bulls win the 2013 Supporters' Shield". Major League Soccer. 
  20. ^ a b http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303640804577491090757743910.html Pro Soccer Nearing Net in Flushing
  21. ^ Wagner, Joe (November 14, 2013). "Back Where They Belong: Cosmos Win Fifth Soccer Bowl, Sixth NASL Title". NY Sports Day. 
  22. ^ Morris, Niel (November 10, 2013). "Sixth Senna: New York Cosmos win NASL Soccer Bowl 2013 over Atlanta Silverbacks 1-0". INDY Week. 
  23. ^ Galarcep, Ives. "Marco Senna's stunning goal helped lead the New York Cosmos to the 2013 Soccer Bowl title, beating the Atlanta Silverbacks 1-0 to claim the NASL championship.". Goal.com. 
  24. ^ "Soccer: The rebirth of the New York Cosmos - ESPN". Espn.go.com. November 29, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  25. ^ Bell, Jack (July 12, 2012). "Cosmos to Play in N.A.S.L. in '13". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ AP 2:24 p.m. EST January 16, 2013 (January 16, 2013). "New York Cosmos plan Belmont Park soccer stadium". Usatoday.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Major League Soccer, L.L.C. Company Information". Hoovers, Inc. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  28. ^ "New York Cosmos". Soccer Way. 
  29. ^ "Forest City's New York unit wins contest to redevelop Nassau Coliseum". Crain's Cleveland. August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  30. ^ Michael Fornabaio (August 15, 2013). "Despite relocation speculation, Sound Tigers remain committed to Bridgeport - Connecticut Post". Ctpost.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  31. ^ Calder, Rich (May 3, 2013). "A new dream Coliseum". New York Post. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Ratner, MSG picked as Coliseum finalists". The Island Now. July 11, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  33. ^ [1][dead link]
  34. ^ "Major League Soccer won’t be coming to Queens: Councilman". New York: NY Daily News. July 9, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  35. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (August 29, 2013). "Soccer Club's Latest Stadium Proposal Would Give the Yankees a New Neighbor". The New York Times. 
  36. ^ "New York Cosmos plan Belmont Park soccer stadium". USA Today. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  37. ^ Sas, Adrian (Producer) (2006). It's my Park: Cricket (TV-Series). New York City: NYCTV. 
  38. ^ http://newyork.rumble.mlultimate.com/2013/03/24/your-2013-new-york-rumble/
  39. ^ Vovinam
  40. ^ http://vovinamny.com/home.html
  41. ^ "New York Squash". Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  42. ^ Steinberg, Dan (February 2, 2008). "Baseball's Fault Lines Show Stress In Arizona". The Washington Post. p. E11. 
  43. ^ Mucha, Peter (January 5, 2001). "A City's Hopes Fly High on the Wings of Eagles". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A1. "New York teams—the Mets, Rangers, Giants and Knicks—rank among Philadelphia's most loathed rivals." 

External links[edit]