In 2013 it is 200 years since Ivar Aasen – the developer of the Norwegian written language nynorsk was born, and it is 100 years since the Det Norske Teatret opened – a theatre in Oslo who primarily performs theatre plays in Nynorsk. These two celebrations are the two main reasons for the decision to create a national year of celebration of languages. (No. title: Språkåret 2013) Sprakaret 2013 is an individual project, who is organised within the institution Nynorsk kultursentrum and funded by the Ministry of Culture in Norway.
Languages reflect valuable cultural expressions and identities.
The purpose of Sprakaret 2013 is to embrace and celebrate the diversity that comprises our language-reality. We seek to put focus on the positive effects that arise out of living in a country with several languages. The two official recognized languages – bokmål and nynorsk, the native language sámi and our three national minority languages; The kven language, romani and romanes. Norwegian sign language is an official language, and in addition we have a huge variation of local dialects and many different languages spoken by our immigrants. In the year of 2013 we will celebrate, discuss, provoke, and try to create awareness of the valuable cultural expressions and identities that is connected to languages.
Objectives for Sprakaret 2013/ the year of celebration of languages in Norway
- To create a stronger linguistic self-esteem amongst people who has nynorsk as their preferred language and moreover to rise accept for our language-divided culture. - To increase the pride in the linguistic culture of nynorsk, also among the people who has bokmål as their preferred language. - To increase the knowledge and respect for the native language sámi, minority languages, immigrant- languages and sign language. - Put the language situation in Norway into international and comparative perspectives. - Take initiative to more contact between language policy actors with common interest and who cross linguistic borders and ethnicity.