Spremberg

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Spremberg
Market square
Market square
Coat of arms of Spremberg
Coat of arms
Spremberg   is located in Germany
Spremberg
Spremberg
Coordinates: 51°34′18″N 14°22′46″E / 51.57167°N 14.37944°E / 51.57167; 14.37944Coordinates: 51°34′18″N 14°22′46″E / 51.57167°N 14.37944°E / 51.57167; 14.37944
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Spree-Neiße
Government
 • Mayor Christine Herntier (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 180.04 km2 (69.51 sq mi)
Elevation 97 m (318 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 22,618
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 03130
Dialling codes 03563
Vehicle registration SPN, FOR, GUB, SPB
Website www.stadt-spremberg.de

Spremberg (Lower Sorbian: Grodk) is a city near to the Saxon city of Hoyerswerda in the Spree-Neiße district of Brandenburg, Germany. The town was first mentioned in 1301. The town alone has 9,203 inhabitants, whereas the town include other villages has 25,952 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

Spremberg is situated about 20 km south of Cottbus and 25 km north of Hoyerswerda, on an island and on both banks of the river Spree. Between 1871 and 1918 the town was the geographical centre of the German Empire: today, it is only 25 km from the German-Polish border.

Demography[edit]

Spremberg:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 19 546
1890 20 239
1910 24 472
1925 27 178
1933 29 205
1939 30 989
1946 26 555
1950 27 879
1964 37 222
1971 32 635
Year Population
1981 30 565
1985 30 739
1989 30 195
1990 29 665
1991 29 116
1992 28 843
1993 28 872
1994 29 165
1995 28 935
1996 28 974
Year Population
1997 28 881
1998 28 588
1999 28 407
2000 28 160
2001 27 715
2002 27 376
2003 27 059
2004 26 888
2005 26 416
2006 25 952
Year Population
2007 25 484
2008 25 050
2009 24 718
2010 24 373
2011 22 773
2012 22 618

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Culture[edit]

In 1911 there were Roman Catholic and two Protestant churches and a pilgrimage chapel dating from 1100, there was a ducal chateau built by a son of the elector John George around the end of the 16th century (now used as government offices), and there were classical, technical and commercial schools as well as a hospital.

Schwarze Pumpe[edit]

Schwarze Pumpe (Lower Sorbian: Čorna Pumpa) is a district of Spremberg, lying approximately 7 km southwest of Spremberg's town centre on the federal state boundary between Brandenburg to Saxony. It had 1988 inhabitants as of 1 January 2006. A large industrial area extending into Saxony and including the site of a large power plant is known by the same name.

On 26 May 2006 construction work started on the world's first CO
2
-free coal power plant in the Schwarze Pumpe industrial district. The plant is based on a concept called Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS), which means that carbon emissions will be captured and compressed to 1500th their original volume, liquefying the gas. It will then be forced 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) below the soil into porous rock where it is believed that it will remain for thousands of years without exacerbating global warming. The project, which has cost some 70 million Euros, was funded entirely by the Swedish company Vattenfall AB and will go into service in September 2008. The power plant is a pilot project to serve as a prototype for future full-scale power plants.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Spremberg at Wikimedia Commons