Spring Hill, Queensland

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Spring Hill
BrisbaneQueensland
Wickhamterrace.jpg
Wickham Terrace, the main street of Spring Hill
Population 5,259 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 4,380/km2 (11,400/sq mi)
Established 1840s
Postcode(s) 4000
Area 1.2 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Location 2 km (1 mi) from Brisbane
LGA(s) City of Brisbane
(Central Ward)
State electorate(s) Brisbane Central
Federal Division(s) Brisbane
Suburbs around Spring Hill:
Kelvin Grove Herston Bowen Hills
Red Hill Spring Hill Fortitude Valley
Petrie Terrace Brisbane CBD Kangaroo Point

Spring Hill is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the central business district. Parts of Spring Hill can be considered to be extensions of the Brisbane CBD.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Spring Hill had a population of 5,259 people, 44% female and 56% male.

The median age of the Spring Hill population was 30 years of age, 7 years below the Australian median. Children aged under 15 years made up 6.8% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 5.6% of the population. The most notable difference was the group in their twenties; in Spring Hill this group made up 36.1% of the population, compared to 13.8% nationally.

43.8% of people living in Spring Hill were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were Korea, Republic of 3.9%, India 3.8%, New Zealand 3.6%, England 3.5%, Colombia 2.1%.

56.7% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 3.3% Korean, 3.3% Mandarin, 3.3% Spanish, 1.7% Portuguese, 1.7% Cantonese.

The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (28.5%); the next most common responses were Catholic 22.9%, Anglican 8.4%, Hinduism 3.7% and Buddhism 3.1%.[1]

Schools[edit]

Spring Hill is serviced by a number of schools, including Brisbane Grammar School, Brisbane Girls Grammar School, St James College, Brisbane St Joseph's College, Gregory Terrace and Brisbane Central School. Those in the surrounding suburbs including the Petrie Terrace State School in Paddington and the Albert Park Flexi School in Petrie Terrace.

Attractions[edit]

Wickham Park

The Old Windmill in Wickham Park was built in 1824 when Brisbane was a penal colony and originally milled grain and then used as a gallows for the colony. The Spring Hills Baths operated by the Brisbane City Council are the oldest public baths in Queensland.

Geography[edit]

History[edit]

Spring Hill was so named in the nineteenth century because the hill on which the suburb was built was the source of the creek that was Brisbane's first fresh water supply.

Spring Hill is one of the oldest residential neighbourhoods in Brisbane, with many houses dating from the nineteenth century. As an example, some of the house lots in Sedgebrook Street were surveyed in the 1870s. However, in recent decades much of the older residential and commercial structures have been demolished to be replaced by modern office blocks and apartment buildings.

A government laboratory and animal facility was built in the 1890s adjacent to the Brisbane Grammar School on College Rd. It was known as the Bacteriological Institute from 1900 to 1910.

Between 1903 and 1947 trams ran up Edward Street and along Leichhardt Street to Gregory Terrace. This tram line, operated by the Brisbane City Council, was the steepest in Australia, with a maximum gradient of 1 in 8. After its closure the trams were initially replaced with diesel buses, but in 1951 these were replaced by a trolley-bus service. This was in turn replaced by diesel buses in 1968. The Brisbane City Council continues to provide bus services to the suburb.

The suburb was also served by trams along Boundary street and St Pauls Terrace, with this service being replaced by buses in 1969.

The Inner-Northern Busway serves the suburb via the Normanby bus stop.

Heritage listings[edit]

Spring Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Spring Hill (Qld)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "McWhinneys Brick Cottage (entry 17053)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  3. ^ "Lonsdale House (entry 16888)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  4. ^ "Department of Main Roads Building (former) (entry 35158)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "19 Gloucester Street (entry 15083)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  6. ^ "Cliveden Mansions (entry 17005)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  7. ^ "Brisbane Grammar School (entry 14899)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  8. ^ "Victoria Flats (entry 16624)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  9. ^ "Centenary Pool Complex (entry 16004)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Grangehill (entry 16428)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  11. ^ "Victoria Park (entry 19616)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  12. ^ "Mountview House (entry 17124)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  13. ^ "Bedford Playground (entry 16523)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  14. ^ "Brisbane Central State School (entry 15087)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  15. ^ "St Pauls Presbyterian Church Hall (entry 15085)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  16. ^ "St Pauls Presbyterian Church (entry 15084)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  17. ^ "Bellmount (entry 15086)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  18. ^ "Spring Hill Baths (entry 15088)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  19. ^ "Moody's Cottages (entry 15089)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  20. ^ "Albert Park (North) air raid shelter (entry 19594)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  21. ^ "All Saints Anglican Church (entry 14943)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  22. ^ "Inchcolm (entry 14945)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  23. ^ "Lister House (entry 14946)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  24. ^ "Ritas at Dods House Restaurant (entry 14947)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  25. ^ "Ballow Chambers (entry 14939)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  26. ^ "Monier Ventilation Shaft 2 (Spring Hill) (entry 16803)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  27. ^ "Brisbane City Council Carpark (entry 16274)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  28. ^ "Wickham House (entry 15944)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  29. ^ "Baptist City Tabernacle (entry 14950)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  30. ^ "United Service Club Premises (entry 16513)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  31. ^ "Craigston (entry 14940)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  32. ^ "Windmill Tower (entry 14948)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  33. ^ "Service Reservoirs (entry 14949)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  34. ^ "Bryntirion (entry 14941)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  35. ^ "Athol Place (entry 14942)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  36. ^ "Wickham Park Air Raid Shelters (entry 19597)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  37. ^ "Theosophical Society Building (entry 14944)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  38. ^ "St Andrews War Memorial Hospital Administration Building (entry 16991)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  39. ^ "Lady Bowen Hospital Complex (former) (entry 16535)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  40. ^ "Monier Ventilation Shaft 1 (Spring Hill) (entry 16731)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 

External links[edit]