Spring Hill, Tennessee

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Spring Hill, Tennessee
City
Spring Hill City Hall, December 2013.
Spring Hill City Hall, December 2013.
Motto: "A blend of Commerce, History and Country Living"[1]
Location of Spring Hill, Tennessee
Location of Spring Hill, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Williamson, Maury
City 1808
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor Rick Graham
Area
 • Total 17.7 sq mi (45.9 km2)
 • Land 17.7 sq mi (45.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 751 ft (229 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 32,576
 • Density 1,640.5/sq mi (633.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37174
Area code(s) 931 615
FIPS code 47-70580[2]
GNIS feature ID 1303764[3]
Website City of Spring Hill, Tennessee
Spring Hill Tennessee's Official Website

Spring Hill is a city in Maury and Williamson counties, Tennessee, located approximately 30 miles (48 km) south of Nashville. Spring Hill's population as of 2013 was 32,576.

History[edit]

The first settlers of Spring Hill arrived in 1808 and the city was established in 1809.[4] Albert Russell was the first person to build a home on the land that became Spring Hill.

Spring Hill was the site of a Civil War battle, now known as the Battle of Spring Hill, on November 29, 1864.

Geography[edit]

Spring Hill is located at 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389 (35.752556, -86.914021).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.7 square miles (45.9 km²), of which 17.7 square miles (45.9 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.17%) is water.

The official main street of Spring Hill is also called US Highway 31, Columbia Pike or Nashville Highway.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 695
1920 403 −42.0%
1930 416 3.2%
1940 543 30.5%
1950 541 −0.4%
1960 689 27.4%
1970 685 −0.6%
1980 989 44.4%
1990 1,464 48.0%
2000 7,715 427.0%
2010 29,036 276.4%
Est. 2012 31,140 7.2%
Sources:[6][7]

As of the 2000 census,[3] there were 7,715 people, 2,634 households and 2,159 families residing in the city. The population density was 435.6 people per square mile (168.2/km²). There were 2,819 housing units at an average density of 159.2 per square mile (61.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.33% White, 7.80% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.98% of the population.

There were 2,634 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 18.0% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 42.0% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64 and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,872 and the median income for a family was $62,643. Males had a median income of $50,819 versus $29,821 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,688. About 3.1% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Recent growth[edit]

The population was 7,715 at the 2000 census. Rapid growth has taken place in recent years with a population of 23,462 in 2007[8] and a 2010 census population of 29,036 and a population of 31,140 in 2012.

Economy[edit]

Spring Hill was the site of the Saturn Corporation production facility, which operated from 1990 to 2007. The Saturn S-Series, Saturn ION, and Saturn VUE were produced there. In 2007, General Motors Corporation (GM), the parent company of Saturn, shut down the facility to retool it for production of other GM vehicles and renamed it Spring Hill Manufacturing. The plant reopened in February 2008 and became the assembly point for the new Chevrolet Traverse. However, after a battle among plants in Spring Hill, Orion Township, Michigan and Janesville, Wisconsin, GM announced on June 26, 2009 that they had chosen to build a new small car in Orion Township.[9] Nearly 2,500 Spring Hill auto workers were faced with lay-off, buy-out and early retirement.[10] The vehicle assembly part of the Spring Hill plant was idled in late 2009 when production of the Traverse was moved to Lansing, Michigan, while production of power trains and metal stamping continued.[11][12][13] In November 2011, GM announced plans for retooling of the vehicle assembly portion of the plant for use as an "ultra-flexible" plant which will initially be used to build the Chevy Equinox and GMC Terrain but will be designed for rapid retooling to other vehicles of similar size.[14][15][16]

Arts and culture[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Rippavilla Plantation, December 2009.

Rippavilla Plantation, which is located at 5700 Main Street (TN-31, Columbia Pike, or Nashville Hwy), offers educational activities and an annual corn maze among other attractions.

Education[edit]

Schools in Maury County[edit]

  • Spring Hill High School (Public)
  • Spring Hill Elementary School (Public)
  • Marvin Wright Elementary School (Public)
  • Spring Hill Middle School (Public)
  • Columbia Academy (Private)

Schools in Williamson County[edit]

  • Allendale Elementary (Public)
  • Heritage Elementary (Public)
  • Heritage Middle (Public)
  • Bethesda Elementary (Public)
  • Longview Elementary (Public)
  • Chapmans Retreat Elementary (Public)
  • Independence High (Public)
  • Hillsboro Elementary Middle (Public)
  • Spring Station Middle (Public)
  • Summit High (Public)
  • Spring Hill Academy (Private)

Libraries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Spring Hill, Tennessee". City of Spring Hill, Tennessee. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://www.citytowninfo.com
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.springhilltn.org/demographics.htm
  9. ^ Bunkley, Nick. "[1]." NY Times. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.
  10. ^ Johnson, Bonna. "[2]." The Tennessean. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.
  11. ^ "GM Investing $483 Million at Tennessee Engine Plant". American Machinist. 2010-09-20. 
  12. ^ "Spring Hill Manufacturing". GM News. General Motors. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Buick’s Ecotec 2.0L Turbo Makes Best Engines List". Chevrolet Media Europe. General Motors. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  14. ^ Bunkley, Nick (November 21, 2011). "Ex-Saturn Plant to Reopen, And G.M. to Add 700 Jobs". New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Spring Hill Assembly Reborn as Ultra-Flexible Operation". General Motors. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  16. ^ Bowman, Zach. "Senator Corker Heckled At GM Spring Hill". Autoblog. AOL. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 

External links[edit]