Spring Valley, New York

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Spring Valley
Village
Spring Valley is located in New York
Spring Valley
Spring Valley
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 41°6′52″N 74°2′52″W / 41.11444°N 74.04778°W / 41.11444; -74.04778Coordinates: 41°6′52″N 74°2′52″W / 41.11444°N 74.04778°W / 41.11444; -74.04778
Country United States
State New York
County Rockland
Incorporated July 9, 1902
Government
 • Mayor Demeza Delhomme
Area
 • Total 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)
 • Water 0.47 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31,347
 • Density 15,000/sq mi (5,700/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10977
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-70420
Website www.villagespringvalley.org

Spring Valley, incorporated on July 9, 1902, is a village in the towns of Ramapo and Clarkstown in Rockland County, New York, United States. It is located north of Chestnut Ridge, east of Airmont and Monsey, south of Hillcrest, and west of Nanuet. The population was 31,347 at the 2010 census.[1]

Spring Valley spans the border of two towns, occupying an eastern portion of the town of Ramapo and a small western portion of the town of Clarkstown. The village is next to the New York State Thruway (Interstate 87) and is served by a New Jersey Transit train station at the terminus of the Pascack Valley Line.

Spring Valley is 22 miles (35 km) north of Manhattan and 5 miles (8 km) north of the New Jersey border.

It is home to Rockland Community College – Spring Valley Extension.

History[edit]

Former North Main Street School, now a satellite campus of Rockland Community College

In 1842, the New York and Erie Railroad called this part of the territory "Pascack", after a stream by the same name. The residents of the area decided to call the place Spring Valley – one certain large spring in the Valley Pond being responsible for the name. Prior to naming the territory Spring Valley, it was called Scotland, named after their homeland, by Scotsmen who had settled in the area.

In 1914, Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, came to Spring Valley to discuss the political issues of the day, speaking at Lyceum.

On July 21, 1919, the Valley Theatre was first opened.

In 1923, the Edwin Gould Foundation was incorporated. The Lakeside School for Girls and the Kingsland Industrial Schools for Boys opened on South Main street.

In 1929, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, then Governor of the State of New York and afterwards the 32nd President of the United States, was the principal speaker at the Fourth of July celebration in Spring Valley.

In 1948, Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States, stopped at Spring Valley while touring the country in the last whistle-stop campaign by train.

Around World War II, Spring Valley had summer resorts that had many New York City Jewish people as customers. After World War II large resorts in the Catskill Mountains and other areas began to attract Jews instead, leaving the Spring Valley hotels empty. William Casey, Rockland County historian, said that many Hasidic groups began to settle during this period.[2]

The final steam locomotives on the Erie Railroad were commuter engines that ran between Jersey City and Spring Valley. Steam last operated on the Erie on March 17, 1954, when the fires were dropped on K-1 class Pacific locomotive No. 2530.[3]

In 2007, Spring Valley Mayor George Darden was elected vice president of the World Conference of Mayors during the organization's 23rd annual mayors' conference held in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The organization includes mayors from the National Conference of Black Mayors and the Union of African Villages, whose goal is to foster constructive relationships among mayors around the world.

On November 3, 2008, Noramie Jasmin was elected mayor of Spring Valley, making her the first Haitian-American mayor in the history of New York state.

Revitalization measures are currently underway in the downtown area of the village, including a mass demolition of abandoned buildings on Main Street and the construction of new mixed-use commercial/residential buildings in its place.[4]

For over 50 years, Spring Valley was the site of a military parts distributor, Sarafan Auto Supply, which supplied military parts all around the world. This third-generation business became part of the community; as business expanded, it grew to take up a large portion of the industrial section of the downtown area. Recently the business moved out of Spring Valley, but the lot which it occupied still has many of the original buildings built by Jacob Sarafan in the early 1900s.

Geography[edit]

Location of village within the towns of Ramapo and Clarkstown in Rockland County, New York

Spring Valley is located at 41°6′52″N 74°2′52″W / 41.11444°N 74.04778°W / 41.11444; -74.04778 (41.114445, −74.047771).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.10%, is water.[6]

The village is about 5 miles (8 km) north of the New Jersey border.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 25,464 people, 7,566 households, and 5,523 families residing in the village. The population density was 12,122.7 people per square mile (4,681.8/km²). There were 7,812 housing units at an average density of 3,719.1 per square mile (1,436.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 32.23% White, 59.98% African American, 0.40% Native American, 5.56% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 5.33% from other races, and 6.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.40% of the population.

There were 7,566 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33 and the average family size was 3.79.

In the village the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $41,311, and the median income for a family was $42,097. Males had a median income of $31,182 versus $26,350 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,861. 18.7% of the population and 15.2% of families were below the poverty line, 24.2% of those under the age of 18 and 16.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Spring Valley has the highest African American and Caribbean population in Rockland County. Spring Valley has a large Haitian population, along with a growing Hispanic population.

Tourism[edit]

Historical markers[edit]

  • United States Post Office – 7 North Madison Avenue

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

U.S. Post Office, Spring Valley, NY, USA
  • Finkelstein Memorial Library – 24 Chestnut Street – Built in 1940. Books, maps and news-clipping files on Rockland County history and local newsworthy events.
  • Holocaust Museum & Study Center – 17 South Madison Avenue – Permanent exhibit combines graphics, montages, artifacts, and audiovisual displays to detail every phase of the Holocaust. Changing art exhibits.
  • St. Paul's Episcopal Church – 26 South Madison Ave – The church was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. The first service took place in 1868, four years before the first service in the new church was held December 18, 1873. (NRHP)
  • Spring Valley's Columbian Fire Engine Co. Celebrated its 150th anniversary September 7, 2011.[citation needed]
  • Spring Valley (Metro-North station) – Municipal Plaza, 1 North Main Street
  • Spring Valley High School – Route 59.
  • U.S. Post Office – North Madison Avenue (NRHP)

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Spring Valley village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ Zeliger, Robert. "Culture clash." Rockland Magazine. August 31, 2007.
  3. ^ Ball Jr., Don, "America's Colorful Railroads", Bonanza Books, a division of Crown Publisher's, Inc., Bonanza 1979 Edition, (Don Ball copyright 1978), Library of Congress card number 79-54682, ISBN 0-517-30488-0, page 53.
  4. ^ http://www.communityp.com/press_releases_detail.php?id=53
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Spring Valley village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Penford, Saxby Vouler. The first hundred years of Spring Valley; Written in commemoration of the Spring Valley Centennial, 1842–1942 (Social Science Research Foundation Publications)

External links[edit]