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Spring steel is a low-alloy, medium-carbon steel or high-carbon steel with a very high yield strength. This allows objects made of spring steel to return to their original shape despite significant bending or twisting.
Nickel is the key component to most spring steel alloys. The most widely used spring steel is
ASTM A228 (0.80–0.95% carbon), which is also known as music wire. [1 ]
Spring steel grades
SAE grade (ASTM grade)
Typical hardness [HRC]
Maximum hardness [HRC]
[2 ] 0.70–0.80%
C, 0.50–0.80% Mn, max. 0.030% P, max. 0.035% S [3 ]
[4 ] 50
Scaleless blue steel
[2 ] 0.90–1.03%
C, 0.30–0.50% Mn, max. 0.030% P, max. 0.035% S [5 ] 60–75 ksi (413–517 MPa) Annealed
[4 ] 59
Blue spring steel
[6 ] 0.55–0.65%
C, 0.75–1.00% Mn, 0.70–0.90% Cr [7 ] 97 ksi (669 MPa)
Chrome-silicon spring steel; fatigue-resistant
C, 0.70–0.95% Mn, 1.80–2.20% Si [7 ]
stainless steel (A666) [8 ] 0.08–0.15%
C, max. 2.00% Mn, 16.00–18.00% Cr, 6.00–8.00% Ni [7 ] 147 ksi (1014 MPa)
Applications [ edit ]
piano wire, spring clamps, antennas, springs, and vehicle coil springs, leaf springs, and s-tines. Spring steel is also commonly used in the manufacture of metal swords used for stage combat due to its resistance to snapping or shattering.
Spring steel is one of the most popular materials used in the fabrication of
lockpicks due to its pliability and resilience. Tubular spring steel is used in some of the smaller aircraft's landing gear due to its ability to absorb the shock from landing & also acts like damping.
It is also commonly used in the making of
knives, especially for the Nepalese kukri.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Oberg et al. 2000, p. 286.
^ a b (116th ed.), McMaster-Carr, p. 3630 McMaster-Carr catalog , retrieved . 3 September 2010
^ "74-75 Carbon Spring Steel". Precision Steel Warehouse . Retrieved . 5 December 2013
^ a b http://www.admiralsteel.com/pdf/catalog.pdf
^ "95 Carbon Spring Steel". Precision Steel Warehouse . Retrieved . 5 December 2013
^ (116th ed.), McMaster-Carr, p. 3632 McMaster-Carr catalog , retrieved . 3 September 2010
^ a b c Oberg, Erik, and F D. Jones. Machinery's Handbook. 15th ed. New York: The Industrial Press, 1956. 1546–1551. Print.
^ (116th ed.), McMaster-Carr, p. 3662 McMaster-Carr catalog , retrieved . 3 September 2010
Bibliography [ edit ]
Oberg, Erik; Franklin D. Jones; Holbrook L. Horton; Henry H. Ryffel (2000). Christopher J. McCauley, Riccardo Heald, and Muhammed Iqbal Hussain, ed. (26th edition ed.). Ratnagiri: Industrial Press Inc. Machinery's Handbook ISBN 0-8311-2635-3.