Springbok (horse)

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This article is about the American Thoroughbred racehorse born in 1870. For other uses, see Springbok (disambiguation).
Springbok
Springbok (horse).jpg
1877 etching by C. Lloyd.
Sire Australian
Grandsire West Australian
Dam Hester
Damsire Lexington
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1870
Country United States
Color Chestnut
Breeder A. J. Alexander
Owner Daniel Swigert
David McDaniel
Trainer David McDaniel
Jockey James G. Rowe, Sr.
Record 25 starts, 17 wins
Earnings $20,020 (approximately $430,000 today)
Major wins
Belmont Stakes (1873)
Saratoga Cup (1874, 1875)
Citizen Stakes (1874)
Awards
American Champion Older Male Horse (1874)
American Co-Champion Older Male Horse (1875)
Last updated on 1 February 2011

Springbok (1870–1897) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the seventh Belmont Stakes in 1873. Foaled in 1870, he was sired by the imported stallion Australian, his dam was a daughter of Lexington. During his racing career he started 25 races, winning 17 of them. Besides the Belmont, Springbok won the Saratoga Cup twice, in 1874 and 1875 and was named Champion Older Male horse in 1874 and 1875. After retiring from the racetrack, he sired five stakes winners and died in 1897.

Early life[edit]

Springbok was sired by the imported horse Australian and out of the mare Hester. Hester was by Lexington and out of a mare named Heads I Say by imported stallion Glencoe. Springbok was foaled in 1870, and was a chestnut stallion, bred by A. J. Alexander of Woodburn, Kentucky.[1] Springbok was one of 26 stakes winning foals sired by Australian.[2] Springbok was Hester's only stakes winning foal.[3]

At two years of age, Springbok was owned and raced by Daniel Swigert, but was sold that year to David McDaniel for $2,000 (approximately $39,000 today).[4][5]

Racing career[edit]

Springbok won the seventh running of the Belmont Stakes in 1873 at Jerome Park Racetrack. He carried 110 pounds (50 kilograms) in the race, which had a winning time of 3 minutes 114 seconds. He won $5,200 (approximately $102,000 today) for his owner from the race.[5][6] The race was run on June 7 over a distance of 1 58 miles (i.e. 13 furlongs (2,600 meters)) on a fast track. He won the race by four lengths from the second placed finisher, Count D'Orsay, and the third place was Strachino.[7] The winning jockey was James Rowe, Sr., later to be a noted trainer.[8] This was the third of three consecutive wins of the Belmont Stakes by David McDaniel as both owner and trainer, as he had already won the 1871 race with Harry Bassett and the 1872 race with Joe Daniels.[6]

Besides the Belmont, Springbok won the 1874 and 1875 Saratoga Cup and the 1874 Citizens Stakes.[3] During the 1870s, the Saratoga Cup was a 2 14 miles (3,600 m) race. In 1874, Springbok won the race while carrying 108 pounds (49 kg), beating Preakness who came in second, and Katie Pease, who placed third. The winning time was 4 minutes 1134 seconds, with a value to the winner of $2,450 (approximately $51,000 today).[5][9] His 1875 Saratoga Cup win was a dead heat with the horse Preakness.[10] In that race, Springbok carried 114 pounds (52 kg), and the winning time was 3 minutes 5614 seconds. Third place was secured by Grinstead. The win paid $2,250 (approximately $48,000 today) to Springbok's owner.[5][9]

Springbok's total race career was 25 starts with 17 wins for a total earnings of $20,020 (approximately $430,000 today).[5][11] He is considered to be the 1874 American Champion Older Male Horse,[11] and also the Champion Older Male Horse for 1875, a title he shared with Preakness.[12]

Breeding career[edit]

In his breeding career, Springbok sired the stakes winners Audrain, East Lynne, Ethel, Huntress, and Vallera.[13] Audrain, an 1881 stallion out of Alme by Planet, won the 1884 Latonia Derby, 1884 St. Louis Derby and the 1884 Hindoo Stakes.[14] East Lynne was an 1882 mare out of Easter Planet by Planet. East Lynne won the 1885 Dixie Stakes and the 1885 Hunter Handicap.[15] Ethel, an 1888 mare out of La Vena by Planet, won the 1890 Clipsetta Stakes and the 1891 Ashland Oaks.[16] Huntress was an 1885 mare out of Edith by the imported stallion Saxon. Huntress won the 1887 Clipsetta Stakes, the 1888 St. Louis Oaks, and the 1889 Cincinnati Hotel Handicap.[17] Vallera, an 1888 stallion out of Valasco by Pat Malloy, won the 1891 Tennessee Derby, 1891 Travers Stakes, and the 1891 Kenner Stakes.[18]

Springbok died on March 19, 1897 at the Megibben-Edgewater farm in Kentucky.[19]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce American Stud Book 1 p. 519
  2. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners pp. 533–534
  3. ^ a b Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 254
  4. ^ Hewitt Great Breeders pp. 21–22
  5. ^ a b c d e Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  6. ^ a b New York Racing Association "Belmont Stakes" Belmont Stakes
  7. ^ New York Racing Association "1873 Belmont" Belmont Stakes
  8. ^ Robertson History of Thoroughbred Racing pp. 211–212
  9. ^ a b Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 310–312
  10. ^ Robertson History of Thoroughbred Racing p. 228
  11. ^ a b Hewitt Great Breeders p. 18
  12. ^ Thoroughbred Heritage "American Champion Older Male" Turf Hallmarks
  13. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 673
  14. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 91
  15. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 191
  16. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 300
  17. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 192
  18. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 502
  19. ^ Staff "Notes on the Turf" Daily Racing Form

References[edit]

  • Bruce, S. D. (1884). American Stud Book 1 (Revised ed.). New York: Turf, Field, and Farm. OCLC 9320888. 
  • Daily Racing Form (1932). 1932 American Racing Manual. Chicago, IL: Daily Racing Form Publishing. OCLC 222440702. 
  • Hogan, Clio D. (no date). Index to Stakes Winners 1865–1967. Solvang, CA: Flag Is Up Farms. OCLC 29213840. 
  • New York Racing Association (2010). "1873 Belmont Stakes" (pdf). The Belmont Stakes. New York Racing Association. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  • New York Racing Association (2010). "Belmont Stakes". The Belmont Stakes. New York Racing Association. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  • Robertson, William H. P. (1964). The History of Thoroughbred Racing in America. New York: Bonanza Books. OCLC 1028160. 
  • Staff (March 27, 1897). "Notes of the turf.". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  • Thoroughbred Heritage (2009). "American Champion Older Male". Turf Hallmarks. Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]