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Springe was first mentioned in 1013 as Hallerspringe. In a description of the borders of the Diocese of Hildesheim from an undated transcription, but which can be proven to be from the tenth century by its form and content, Springe was mentioned as Helereisprig. The Counts of Hallermund erected a fortress-like building on the land which is now Springe after the loss of Burg Hallermund on the Kleiner Deister to the House of Welf in 1282. They ruled their county from this new seat of power. Presumably Springe originated because of this. The creation of the Count's seat and the solidification of the location lead in the thirteenth century to the need for city laws. During the Middle Ages, Springe was the long-time seat of the Graves of Hallermund and their successors, a side lineage of the Grave of Käfernburg. From their area of rule, the office of Springe resulted and after different renamings and expansions, the Kreis Springe resulted in 1884.
By the end of the tenth century the first mentions of the names of the towns that belong to Springe appear, and by the year 1300 all of the existing villages have been named.
The founding and growth of the area is connected with its location at the Deister Gate, which is convenient for transportation. Here one finds a border between prairie and mountains, which leads toward the Deister Gate. Apart from this, the area lies in the middle of the trip between Hanover and Hamelin. This location unfolded with the building of the "causeway" of what is today the B217 Highway in the 18th century and with the completion of the railroad line between Hanover and Altenbeken in 1872.
A steady development towards a middle-sized city after the end of the First World War and even more so after the end of the Second World War ensued. (in 1933 there were 3912 inhabitants) Up until the geographical reforms of 1974, Springe was the seat of the county of Springe. After that, Springe belonged to the county of Hanover, which became today's Region of Hanover on 1 November 2001. Today 13000 inhabitants live the core city of Springe. Because of reforms in the 13th century Eldagsen lost its rights as a city and is now a part of the City of Springe. After the inhabitants of Eldagsen protested, the town got its title of "city" back, and now bears the official title "City of Eldagsen, Part of the City of Springe".
The coat of arms of the city of Springe, according to a recent interpretation, the three sources of the Haller river, which begins close to the town at the foot of the Small Deister. The three corners of the shield each contain a five-petaled rose, which is the shield and seal symbol of the Shire of Hallermund, which appeared from the twelfth century on.