The Eureka Schoolhouse (1790), Vermont's oldest one-room school
|Motto: Progress Through Precision|
Located in Windsor County, Vermont
|• Total||49.5 sq mi (128.1 km2)|
|• Land||49.3 sq mi (127.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||531 ft (162 m)|
|• Density||190.1/sq mi (73.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||05156 and 05150|
|GNIS feature ID||1462214|
One of the New Hampshire grants, the township was chartered on August 20, 1761 by Governor Benning Wentworth and awarded to Gideon Lyman and 61 others. Although Springfield's alluvial flats made it among the best agricultural towns in the state, the Black River falls, which drop 110 feet (33.5 m) in 1/8 of a mile (201 m), helped it develop into a mill town. Springfield was located in the center of the Precision Valley region, home of the Vermont machine tool industry.
In 1888, the Jones and Lamson Machine Tool Company (J&L) moved to Springfield from Windsor, Vermont under the successful leadership of James Hartness. Gaining international renown for precision and innovation, J&L ushered in a new era of precision manufacturing in the area. Edwin R. Fellows co-founded the Fellows Gear Shaper Company here in 1896. As knowledge and infrastructure grew to support precision machining, other companies such as the Bryant Chucking Grinder Company and Lovejoy Tool formed, grew, and provided much of the economic engine. Springfield Telescope Makers, the oldest amateur telescope makers' club in the United States, has been headquartered in Springfield since its inception in 1920. The club's clubhouse, Stellafane, located on the campus of Stellafane Observatory has hosted a convention for the geographically scattered club since 1927. During World War II, Springfield's production of machine tools was of such importance to the American war effort that the US government ranked Springfield (together with the Cone at Windsor) as the seventh most important bombing target in the country.
Springfield is also home to the Eureka Schoolhouse, the oldest one-room school in the state of Vermont. Completed in 1790, the building was in continuous use until 1900 and was restored in 1968 by the Vermont Board of Historic Sites. The school house was named by its first teacher, David Searle, who, after a long journey through the new frontier was heard to cry "Eureka!" upon reaching the new settlement of Springfield. The name stuck, and "Eureka" can still be found in street and business names throughout Springfield.
Several sites in Springfield, including the historic downtown area, have been designated as having historical significance according to the National Register of Historic Places. Among them are the Hartness House (original home of the entrepreneur and governor) and the Gould's Mill Bridge, a steel truss bridge.
On July 10, 2007, Springfield was selected to host the premiere of The Simpsons Movie, which, like the Simpsons TV show, is set in a city called Springfield. In a Fox competition, Vermont was chosen to host the opening over 13 other places around the nation called Springfield.
Springfield is home to Vermont Telelphone (VTel), which in 2013 is building a gigabit network to all homes.
Springfield's public school system currently has two elementary schools, one middle school grades 6-8, and one high school grades 9-12. These schools are overseen by a five member school board elected individually by staggered elections to three year terms. In 2006 the public technical school, the River Valley Technical Center, left the Springfield School District to form its own district. The Springfield School District is currently undertaking action to renovate its elementary schools. The School Board plans to expand Union Street School and Elm Hill School, while the voters decided in 2008 to cease using Park Street School as a school "As soon as possible" due to prohibitive refurbishment costs and safety issues.
Elementary and middle schools
The city's two public elementary schools are Elm Hill and Union Street Schools.
Riverside Middle School is the town's only public middle school (grades 6-8).
Springfield High School
Springfield High School is Springfield's only high school.
- Team Name: Cosmos
- School Colors: Green and White
River Valley Technical Center
The River Valley Technical Center is housed in the Howard Dean Education Center and is adjacent to Springfield High School. The RVTC teaches technical courses to the students of Springfield and surrounding towns of Chester, Bellows Falls, Westminster, Ludlow and Charlestown.
Colleges and universities
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.5 square miles (128.1 km2), of which 49.3 square miles (127.7 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.4 km2) (0.30%) is water. Bounded on the east by the Connecticut River, Springfield is drained by the Black River, which flows directly through downtown. The town includes the village of North Springfield.
The town is crossed by Interstate 91, U.S. Route 5, Vermont Route 10, Vermont Route 11, Vermont Route 106 and Vermont Route 143. Connecticut River Transit provides Springfield with public transportation by bus around town and to Bellows Falls, Ludlow and the White River Junction and Lebanon, New Hampshire areas.
Neighboring cities and towns
||Baltimore||Weathersfield||Claremont, New Hampshire|
|Chester||Charlestown, New Hampshire|
|Grafton||Rockingham||Charlestown, New Hampshire|
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,078 people, 3,886 households, and 2,498 families residing in the town. The population density was 184.1 people per square mile (71.1/km2). There were 4,232 housing units at an average density of 85.8 per square mile (33.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.60% White, 0.24% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.
There were 3,886 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,169, and the median income for a family was $42,620. Males had a median income of $31,931 versus $23,019 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,452. About 8.3% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
- Karen Arthur, film and television director
- Daric Barton, first baseman with the Oakland Athletics
- Edwin R. Fellows, machine-tool inventor, industrialist
- Helen Hartness Flanders, collector of traditional ballads
- Ralph Flanders, machine-tool entrepreneur, banker, senator
- Walbridge A. Field, US congressman
- Albert Lovejoy Gutterson, Olympic gold medalist (long jump)
- James Hartness, inventor, aviator and 58th governor of Vermont
- Dudley C. Haskell, US congressman
- Charles B. Hoard, US congressman
- Joseph B. Johnson, 70th governor of Vermont
- Kenny Johnson, film and television actor
- James Kochalka, local cartoonist and rock musician
- Lewis R. Morris, US congressman
- Russell W. Porter, explorer, artist and telescope innovator
Sites of interest
- Eureka Schoolhouse (1790)
- Hartness Mansion (1903-1904)
- Springfield Art & Historical Society and Miller Art Center
- The Stellafane National Historic Landmark
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
- Wayne G. Broehl, Jr., Precision Valley: The Machine Tool Companies of Springfield, Vermont. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1959) p. 184, citing W. Storrs Lee, The Green Mountains of Vermont (New York: Henry Hold & Company, Inc., 1949) p.76.
- Historic Vermont
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Vermont town voted Simpsons home". BBC News. 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Barney, Keith. The History of Springfield Vermont 1885-1961. William J Bryant Foundation, 1972. p. 119, 224.
- Town of Springfield official website
- Springfield Town Library
- Springfield Vermont Chamber of Commerce
- Springfield Hospital