Springfield, Virginia

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Springfield, Virginia
Census-designated place (CDP)
Central Springfield Business District, seen from Springfield Town Center
Central Springfield Business District, seen from Springfield Town Center
Location of Springfield in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Springfield in Fairfax County, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°47′19″N 77°10′46″W / 38.78861°N 77.17944°W / 38.78861; -77.17944Coordinates: 38°47′19″N 77°10′46″W / 38.78861°N 77.17944°W / 38.78861; -77.17944
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Area
 • Total 7.9 sq mi (20.4 km2)
 • Land 7.9 sq mi (20.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 246 ft (75 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 30,484
 • Density 3,869.5/sq mi (1,494.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-74592[1]
GNIS feature ID 1493642[2]

Springfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States and a suburb of Washington, D.C. The Springfield CDP is recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau with a population of 30,484 as of the 2010 census. Homes and businesses in bordering CDPs including North Springfield, West Springfield, and Newington are usually given a "Springfield" mailing address. The population of the collective areas with Springfield addresses is estimated to exceed 100,000. The CDP is a part of Northern Virginia, the most populous area of the Washington Metropolitan Area and the most affluent region in the nation.

Geography[edit]

Springfield is located at 38°46′45″N 77°11′4″W / 38.77917°N 77.18444°W / 38.77917; -77.18444 (38.779238, -77.184636).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.4 km²), of which, 7.9 square miles (20.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.49%) is water.

The area is dominated by the interchange of I-95, I-395, and the Capital Beltway (I-495), known as the Springfield Interchange. The center of the town is at the intersection of Route 644 (Old Keene Mill Road / Franconia Road) and Route 617 (Backlick Road) adjacent to the interchange. A significant commercial district exists around the interchange area, but the rest of the community is primarily residential in character.

According to U.S. Postal Service, Springfield collectively has four ZIP codes:

  • 22150 (often unofficially referred to as "Central Springfield", this is the zip code for the actual Springfield CDP itself.)
  • 22151 ("North Springfield")
  • 22152 ("West Springfield")
  • 22153 ("Newington")

The following are total area, water area, and land area statistics (in square miles) for the four Springfield zip codes:[4]

Zip code Total area Water area Land area
22150 7.88 sq mi. 0.01 sq mi. 7.87 sq mi.
22151 5.28 sq mi. 0.17 sq mi. 5.11 sq mi.
22152 6.16 sq mi. 0.00 sq mi. 6.16 sq mi.
22153 8.36 sq mi. 0.06 sq mi. 8.30 sq mi.
Total 28.50 sq mi. 0.24 sq mi. 28.27 sq mi.

History[edit]

Springfield was founded in 1847 around the Orange and Alexandria Railroad's Daingerfield Station (today, the Backlick Road Virginia Railway Express station off Route 617/Backlick Road). The station was named for Henry Daingerfield, an Alexandria businessman who sat on the railroad's board of directors and who, not coincidentally, owned the land under and around the station. A post office operated as Springfield Depot from August 28, 1866 until 1868.

Apartment complex in Springfield

In 1877, Richard Moore petitioned for a post office, which he named Moor, located about a little over a mile south of the station, near the intersection of Fairfax (now Old Keene Mill) and Backlick roads. The post office name was changed in 1881 to Garfield to honor the late President James A. Garfield, who had been assassinated that year. In 1907, the Garfield post office closed and a new postal station named Corbett (after the then-landowner) opened back near the railroad station. Finally, the name returned to Springfield on June 27, 1910, and has remained since that time[5] although the name Garfield continued to appear on maps at least through the 1930s.[6]

Springfield remained a rural crossroads until 1946, when realtor Edward Carr decided to subdivide the area for suburban development along the recently opened Henry Shirley Highway (now I-95/I-395). Carr believed this to be the last easily accessible tract within 12 miles (19 km) of Washington, D.C., and indeed, the newly developed area grew quickly.[7] In 1950, the area had an estimated population of 1,000; Robert E. Lee High School was built in 1957. By 1960, the population was reported as over 10,000; it grew past 25,000 by 1970 with the North and West Springfield neighborhoods.[8]

Springfield became a major retail destination with the opening of the Springfield Mall in 1973–75[9] (the second regional shopping center in Northern Virginia after Tysons Corner), as well as the Springfield and Brookfield shopping centers. The 1980s and 1990s saw the expansion of retail and high-density housing in the area, at least until the opening of the Franconia-Springfield Parkway in 1996, and the Franconia-Springfield Metro and Virginia Rail Express Station in 1997. Plans now are to revamp the mall from an indoor facility into a town center with a mixture of shopping, office, and residential development.

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency building at the Fort Belvoir North Area in Springfield

The center of Springfield is at Route 644 (Old Keene Mill Road / Franconia Road) and Route 617. The old "Garfield" name still survives in the nearby Garfield Elementary School.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 30,484 people, 12,431 houses, and 7,472 families residing in the Springfield CDP. The population density was 3,869.5 people per square mile (1,494.3/km²). There were 10,630 housing units at an average density of 1,345.6/sq mi (521.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 48.7% White, 9.0% African American, 0.7% Native American, 24.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.5% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.5% of the population.

As of 2000, there were 10,495 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.37. As of 2010, the average household size was 2.82.

In the Springfield CDP, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the Springfield CDP as of 2010 is $81,037. In 2000, males had a median income of $45,679 versus $36,075 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $36,405.

The zip code population totals for the entire Springfield community (as defined by USPS) are as follows:

  • 22150: 22,208
  • 22151: 16,587
  • 22152: 28,236
  • 22153: 33,177
  • Total: 100,208

Public safety[edit]

The Greater Springfield Volunteer Fire Department's fire station at 7011 Backlick Road provides the fire and EMS services to Springfield.

The West Springfield District Police Station is at 6140 Rolling Road.

Shopping[edit]

Springfield Mall was a large indoor shopping mall near the Springfield Interchange, the intersection of Interstate highways I-95 and I-495. It contained several anchor stores and a food court. In 2001, two of the hijackers in the September 11 attacks, Hani Hanjour and Khalid al-Mihdhar, illegally obtained state identification at the mall's DMV office.[10] In 2005, gang members stabbed two people at the mall.[11] and a fatal shooting in December 2007.[12]

In 2005, the mall was purchased by Vornado Realty Trust, which closed the structure, renovated it to add housing and office space, and reopened it in 2014 as "Springfield Town Center".[13][14]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Central Springfield is dominated by the Springfield Interchange, popularly known as the "Mixing Bowl" or the "Melting Pot", a name taken from an earlier interchange near the Pentagon. The interchange includes three Interstates (I-95, I-395, and I-495), with two exits less than a half mile apart, with two roads (Commerce Street and Route 644 (Old Keene Mill Road / Franconia Road) going over or under I-95 within less than a half mile, and is further complicated by the presence of a separate, reversible high-occupancy vehicle lane passing through the center of two of the interstates.

Built between 1999 and 2007 at a cost of $676 million, the Springfield Interchange Improvement Project was finished on time and on budget, according to the Virginia Department of Transportation, and dedicated on July 18, 2007, by Virginia Governor Timothy M. Kaine.[citation needed]

Mass transit[edit]

Rail[edit]

Bus[edit]

Airports[edit]

The closest airport to Springfield is the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, in Arlington, Virginia. Other airports include the busiest airport in the Washington Metropolitan Area, Washington Dulles International Airport, located in Chantilly and Sterling, Virginia, as well as Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport in Linthicum, Maryland.

Education[edit]

Public schools in Springfield are run by Fairfax County Public Schools.[15]

Some Springfield neighborhoods feed schools outside the city limits, such as the Lake Braddock, South County, and Hayfield districts. Likewise, some Springfield schools are fed by neighborhoods outside the city limits.

Elementary schools[edit]

Cardinal Forest ES, Crestwood ES, Garfield ES, Forestdale ES, Cardinal Forrest ES, Hunt Valley ES, Keene Mill ES, Kings Glen ES, Kings Park ES, Lynbrook ES, Newington Forest ES, North Springfield ES, Orange Hunt ES, Ravensworth ES, Rolling Valley ES, Sangster ES, Springfield Estates ES, Saratoga ES, West Springfield ES

Middle schools[edit]

Francis Scott Key Middle School, Washington Irving Middle School

High schools[edit]

Robert E. Lee High School, West Springfield High School (home to the West Springfield Dance Team, which appeared on the television show America's Got Talent)

Private schools[edit]

St. Bernadette School, Springfield Academy.

Community college[edit]

Northern Virginia Community College

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Richard Byrd Library.[16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Fairfax County Road Map." Virginia Department of Transportation. 2004.
  4. ^ "US Census". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  5. ^ Yearbook, The Historical Society of Fairfax County, Volume 29, 2003-2004, Jack Hiller
  6. ^ Map of Fairfax County. Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Highways. Richmond, VA: June 1, 1932. Revised July 1, 1936. Library of Virginia Digital Collections. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  7. ^ "Alexandria, Kingstowne and Springfield Virginia real estate listings, home buying, selling and relocation information - NUMBER1EXPERT(tm)". Hellovirginia.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  8. ^ Number of Inhabitants, Bureau of the Census 1960 and 1970
  9. ^ Fairfax County Department of Taxation, DTA Property Search profile
  10. ^ "Hijackers' helper faces two years max", Timothy P. Carney, Human Events, December 24, 2001
  11. ^ "Police Make Arrest In Springfield Mall Stabbing Incident", December 1, 2005
  12. ^ Jackman, Tom (April 26, 2008). "2 Indicted in Alleged Gang Killing at Springfield Mall". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  13. ^ Springfield Town Center Website
  14. ^ "Vornado Develops Town Center at Springfield Mall", Divaris Real Estate, Inc.
  15. ^ "Fairfax County Public School Directory" as of April 5, 2012.
  16. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  17. ^ "Springfield CDP, Virginia." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.

External links[edit]