William Patterson, a founder of the B&O railroad, built Springfield as a summer home on 3000 acres. The estate was later purchased by Frank Brown who would become the Governor of Maryland. While serving as governor, he sold the estate to the State of Maryland for a mental hospital.
Today, Springfield Hospital Center provides specialized psychiatric services for nearly 700 Maryland residents a year. It is a center of modern treatment and training in the field. As a downsized version of the mid 20th century version, Springfield’s surplus resources have been reborn into state training and business facilities. The buildings are listed in the historic site inventory of the Maryland Historical Trust. The hospital’s goals are community reintegration and recovery and are further described in their strategic plan, "Springfield 2010".