Springfield Township, Lucas County, Ohio
|Springfield Township, Lucas County, Ohio|
Location of Springfield Township within Lucas County
|• Total||21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)|
|• Land||21.5 sq mi (55.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||633 ft (193 m)|
|• Density||1,218/sq mi (470.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1086534|
Springfield Township is one of the eleven townships of Lucas County, Ohio, United States. As of 2010, the total population was 26,193, making it the third most populous part of Lucas County, behind Toledo and Sylvania Township. The township entirely encompasses the village of Holland, Ohio. Excluding Holland, the township had a population of 24,429 in 2010.
Located in the central part of the county, it borders the following townships and cities:
- Sylvania Township - north
- Toledo - east
- Maumee - southeast
- Monclova Township - south
- Spencer Township - west
The village of Holland lies in eastern Springfield Township.
Swan Creek and Wolf Creek run through the township.
Name and history
The township was formed on June 30, 1836, by the detachment of land from Waynesfield Township (now Maumee, Ohio). This occurred after Wood County was dismembered and Lucas County formed in 1835. The first session of the County Commissioners at their first meeting held in Toledo on September 14, 1835, was the creation of this new township. The first election of officers was held at the house of William Ford on October 8, 1836, with James Egnew, Thomas Wood and John Burchfield being named trustees. Peter Holloway was named clerk, John Wiltse, treasurer, William Ford, constable, and John Burchfield and John Spencer, justices of the peace.
Springfield Township is located in both the area covered by the Great Black Swamp and Oak Openings, and was mainly settled by immigrants from New England and New York. Many of the original settlers suffered great hardship from the lack of drainage and the "airs" from the swamp. The History of Toledo and Lucas County, Ohio, states that Dennis Sage was probably the first to settle in the area in 1829, but other records dispute that claim. Daniel Hubbell is shown as one of the first County Commissioners of Wood County when it was formed in 1820. In the 1830 census he is shown as living in Waynesfield Township, while in the 1840 and 1850 census he was counted in Springfield Township. Jacob Wiltse (the father of John Wiltse, one of the first trustees) is named on the monument with his wife, son and daughter-in-law in Springfield Township Cemetery. Jacob Wiltse died in 1827. He and Thomas Wood are responsible for the land where the cemetery now lies. Both families claim that they had a part in erecting the first church (Methodist) adjacent to it in the 1840s. The Wiltse family later moved to Michigan, but the Wood family remained in Springfield Township and Lucas County.
The Oak Openings region was an area of large, open, sandy savannahs with occasional outcroppings of oak trees and heavy clay soil. Many types of berries grew wild in the area, and several settlers took advantage of the soil for that purpose. Strawberries were a mainstay for many years, and one family had many acres of cranberries that were cultivated. Although mostly a farming community, residents also took advantage of business in adjacent areas. Sailors were seen there in 1840 as a result of business on the Miami and Erie Canal and the Maumee River, railroad men arrived or were so occupied in the 1860s with the running of the first railroad on May 20, 1852 between Toledo and Chicago, through what would later be called Holland, workers were available for the oil fields that appeared in northwest Ohio in the 1870s and 1880s, and finally the automobile industry provided and still provides work for many in the township.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,123 people, 9,453 households, and 6,400 families residing in the township. The racial makeup of the township was 88.4% White, 6.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. 2.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,453 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03. There was a total of 9,982 housing units in the township, of which 529 (5.3%) were vacant.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18 and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.76 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.71 males.
Springfield Local School District (Lucas County) has four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. The schools are Holloway, Crissey, Dorr Elementary, and Holland Elementary Schools, Springfield Middle School, and Springfield High School. The mascot of Springfield High School is the "Blue Devil". Springfield Local Schools have been rated "Excellent" by the Ohio Department of Education for the school years 2008-2009, 2009-2010, 2010–2011.
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
- Joe the Plumber (Samuel Joseph Wurzelbacher), a person brought to attention during the 2008 U.S presidential election campaign
- Rick Upchurch, wide receiver for the Denver Broncos 1975-1983
The following highways are important transportation arteries in Springfield Township:
- Interstate 475/U.S. Route 23 from Sylvania Township to Monclova Township
- State Route 2 "Airport Highway" (Swanton Township to Toledo)
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Springfield township, Lucas County, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.
- Springfield Township official website
- Lucas County website
- Holland Springfield Spencer Historical Society
- The History of Toledo and Lucas County, Ohio; Clark Waggoner; Munsell & Co., New York, 1888.