Springhill Massacre

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Springhill Massacre
Part of The Troubles
Springhill massacre.JPG
Poster demanding an inquiry in the Beechmount area of Belfast
Location Belfast, Northern Ireland
Date 9 July 1972
Attack type
Sniper shooting, mass murder
Weapons Sniper rifles
Deaths 5
Non-fatal injuries
2
Perpetrators British Army snipers

The Springhill Massacre[1] was a shooting incident on 9 July 1972 in the Springhill estate in west Belfast, Northern Ireland. Five civilians were killed by British Army snipers who were in a timber yard.

Background[edit]

The Northern Ireland Troubles had been raging for three years and hundreds had already been killed by the two warring factions in Northern Ireland, Irish republicans wanting unification with the Republic of Ireland, and Ulster unionists, opposing Irish unification. The British Army was deployed to keep the two groups apart but Nationalists complained about the Army's heavy-handedness.[2] Violence had been taking place all day and the five dead were part of ten people killed that day.[3][dead link]

The shootings[edit]

Provisional IRA version of events[edit]

According to a Provisional IRA (IRA) statement on 10 July, Army snipers took up sniping positions in Corry's timber yard and reinforced them with sandbags. Two cars pulled into Springhill and the snipers fired two shots at them. One of the cars fled while the other drove a short distance and stopped, the occupants got out and the snipers opened fire again, One occupant was shot in the back of the head and was seriously wounded. A resident rushed to help the injured man but was immediately shot in the arm. The man's brother and his friend ran to the downed occupant but both were shot by the snipers. At some point during this time a 13-year-old girl was fatally shot by the snipers. The parish priest and a passer-by (the priest was waving a white cloth) rushed to her but a sniper killed both with a single bullet that passed through both their heads. All the victims were unarmed.[3][dead link]

Army version of events[edit]

The Army disputed this version of events and claimed its troops were fired on first by the IRA, ending a temporary IRA ceasefire. An Army spokesman stated: “There has been a heavy exchange of fire between the IRA and troops. Some of the dead and wounded were undoubtedly caught in the crossfire.” On 10 July, the Army claimed that it had killed terrorists.[3][dead link] An open verdict was recorded at the inquest into the events.[3][dead link]

The deceased[edit]

The dead commemorated in a republican garden of Remembrance in Ballymurphy, Belfast
  • Margaret Gargan, 13, shot in the head
  • John Dougal, 16, shot in the chest
  • David McCafferty, 15, shot in the chest
  • Patrick Butler, 39, shot in the head
  • Father Noel Fitzpatrick, 40, shot in the neck

Impact[edit]

In May 2005, Michael Norman, a former SAS trooper, was found shot dead in his car with photographs of the incident. It is unclear whether he was involved or whether he had committed suicide.[4][dead link]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RTÉ News. "Springhill survivors demand independent inquiry". 2 August 1999. Retrieved 22 March 2011
  2. ^ English, Richard (2003). Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. Pan Books. p. 136. ISBN 0-330-49388-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d Irish News 5 May 1999
  4. ^ Sunday Mirror, 8 May 2005

External links[edit]