||This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|Predecessor(s)||Brown Telephone Company|
|Founded||Abilene, Kansas, United States 1899|
|Headquarters||Overland Park, Kansas, United States:24|
|Divisions||Sprint Prepaid Group, Sprint Business Markets Group|
Sprint Nextel Corporation is a United States-based holding company that operates multiple wireline and wireless networks serving consumer, business and government customers in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands primarily under the Sprint brand. Sprint Nextel, through its various subsidiaries, also offers wireless services under the Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile and Assurance Wireless brands.
Sprint Nextel is a tier 1 global Internet access service provider.
Sprint Nextel is the United States' third largest long distance provider by subscribers. Sprint Nextel derives additional revenue by offering wholesale access to its wireless networks. As of 2012[update], the Sprint wireless network serves more than 55.6 million customers.
Sprint Nextel traces its origins to the Brown Telephone Company, which Cleyson L. (C.L.) Brown and Jacob Brown founded in 1899 to deploy telephone service to the rural area around Abilene, KS.
Sprint Nextel owns a 50.8% equity interest in Clearwire Corporation. On December 17, 2012, Sprint Nextel agreed to pay US$2.97 per share, US$2.2 billion in total, to purchase the portion of Clearwire Corporation shares that Sprint Nextel does not already own.
On October 14, 2012, Japanese telecommunications company SoftBank announced that it intends to purchase 70% of Sprint Nextel Corporation for US$20.1 billion. The companies expect to close the transaction in the second quarter of 2013.
Foundation and early years 
Sprint Nextel Corporation traces its origins to the Brown Telephone Company, which was founded in 1899 by Cleyson L. (C.L.) Brown and Jacob Brown to deploy telephone service to the rural area around Abilene, KS. The Browns installed their first long-distance circuit in 1900 and chartered their own company in October 1902.
In March 1903, they joined with 14 other Kansas independents to incorporate the Union Telephone and Telegraph Company, which would provide long-distance service to Kansas City.
In September 1911, C.L. Brown consolidated the Brown Telephone Company with three other independents to form the second largest telephone company in Kansas, the United Telephone Company, which controlled seven major telephone exchanges.
C.L. Brown formed United Telephone and Electric (UT&E) in 1925 in order to purchase stock in subsidiary companies across widely scattered geographical areas. Brown's UT&E eventually controlled more than 68 other companies, more than two-thirds of which were telephone companies.
Bankruptcy and reorganization 
The Great Depression caused more than three million telephone subscribers to give up their phone service between 1931 and 1933. Consequently, UT&E suffered severe financial strain and had to seek protection to reorganize under bankruptcy laws. All but six of UT&E's 85 companies survived, with some showing profits again in 1936. During the reorganization, a number of companies were merged and later phased out. The reorganization plan received final approval in late 1937.
UT&E was dissolved, and its assets were placed in a newly formed company, United Utilities, Incorporated, in 1938.
United Telecommunications (United Telecom) 
When Paul H. Henson became president of United Utilities in 1964, he almost immediately reorganized the company in accordance with C.L. Brown’s belief that centralizing some of the company’s functions would result in greater efficiency, cost reductions, and growth. In 1972, United Utilities changed its name to United Telecommunications, commonly referred to as United Telecom. In 1980, United Telecom launched a national X.25 data service, Uninet. To enter the long-distance voice market, United Telecom acquired ISACOMM in 1981 and US Telephone in 1984. In 1983, United Telecom began offering cellular telephone services in their territories under the brand name Telespectrum.
Southern Pacific Communications & Sprint 
Southern Pacific Communications Company (SPC), a unit of the Southern Pacific Railroad, began providing long-distance telephone service after the Execunet II decision late in 1978. SPC was headquartered on Adrian Court in Burlingame, California, where Sprint still maintains a technology laboratory.
Southern Pacific maintained an extensive microwave communications system along its rights-of-way that the railroad used for internal communications. After the Execunet II decision, Southern Pacific expanded its internal communications network by laying fiber optic cables along the same rights-of-way. In 1972, Southern Pacific Communications began selling surplus system capacity to corporations for use as private lines, circumventing AT&T's then-monopoly on public telephony. Prior attempts at offering long distance voice services had not been approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), although a fax service (called SpeedFAX) was permitted.
Southern Pacific Communications was only permitted to provide private line services, not switched services. After MCI Communications won the court battle giving MCI the right to begin offering Execunet services, Southern Pacific Communications took the Federal Communications Commission to court to get the right to offer switched services, and succeeded (the "Execunet II" decision). Southern Pacific Communications decided they needed a new name to differentiate the switched voice service from SpeedFAX, and ran an internal contest to select a name. The winning entry was "SPRINT", an acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Network Telecommunications.
The Sprint service was first marketed in six metropolitan areas: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Anaheim. The switches were located in Los Angeles and New York. A customer was required to have a private line connection to one of these switches in order to use the service and paid an access fee per private line. Access was also available by dialing an access number to connect to the SPRINT switch. Customers were then billed at 2.6 cents per tenth of a minute increment.
Consolidation and re-naming to Sprint Corporation 
In 1982, SPC and GTE entered into merger negotiations, and in 1983, they merged under the name "GTE Sprint".
GTE had previously acquired a national X.25 provider, Telenet, in 1979. In 1986, GTE Sprint and Telenet merged with the United Telecom properties US Telecom, Uninet, and ISACOMM, forming US Sprint. This was initially a joint venture co-owned by GTE and United Telecom. In 1988, United Telecom sold Telespectrum to Centel to fund the purchase of an additional 30% of US Sprint. This purchase gave United Telecom operational control of US Sprint.
In 1989, United Telecom purchased a controlling interest, and in 1991, it completed its acquisition of US Sprint. In 1992, United Telecommunications adopted the nationally recognized identity of its long distance unit, changing its name to Sprint Corporation, due in large part to the increased brand recognition as a result of the successful Candice Bergen "Dime Lady" advertisement campaign.
Return to wireless 
In 1995, Sprint acquired Centel, allowing Sprint to provide local service in a total of 18 states, putting them back in the wireless market. In 1994, Sprint spun off their existing cellular operations as 360 Communications for regulatory reasons, in order to start a new service in the PCS band. In 1998, 360 Communications was acquired by Alltel, which was in turn acquired by Verizon in 2009.
In late 1994 and early 1995, Sprint acquired near nationwide 1900Mhz PCS spectrum, via Sprint Spectrum–APC (a joint venture between Sprint and several cable companies). Later in 1995, the company began to offer wireless service under the Sprint Spectrum brand in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. This was the first commercial PCS network in the United States. Although the current Sprint PCS service is CDMA, the original Washington-area network used GSM. Eventually, Sprint launched their new nationwide CDMA network, then in 1999 sold the decommissioned GSM infrastructure to Omnipoint which re-launched in May 2000. Omnipoint was later acquired by VoiceStream Wireless, which eventually became part of T-Mobile USA.
Partnerships and more consolidation 
In September 1996, Sprint announced a deal with RadioShack, and in 1997, Sprint stores opened at RadioShack to offer communications services and products across the United States. Since then, over 20 million Sprint cell phones have been sold via the RadioShack outlets. RadioShack was one of the first retailers to offer Sprint services and an all-digital nationwide network for its customers.
On October 5, 1999, Sprint and MCI WorldCom announced a $129 billion merger agreement between the two companies. The deal would have been the largest corporate merger in history at the time. However, due to pressure from the United States Department of Justice and the European Union on concerns of it creating a monopoly, the deal did not go through.
In 2003, Sprint began recombining their local telecom, long distance, wireline, and wireless business units into a new company, in an initiative known internally as "One Sprint." In April 2004, the separately traded wireless tracking stock, "PCS," was absorbed into the New York Stock Exchange "FON" ticker symbol, Sprint's former ticker symbol. (FON stood for "Fiber Optic Network," but was also a homophone of the word "phone"). This was challenged in many lawsuits by Sprint PCS shareholders who felt robbed because their stock was devalued through the ratio of 1 share of PCS stock for 1/2 share of FON stock. The PCS shareholders claimed a loss of 1.3 billion to 3.4 billion dollars.
Merger of Sprint Corporation and Nextel Communications 
On December 15, 2004, Sprint Corporation and Nextel Communications announced they would merge to form Sprint Nextel Corporation. While billed as a merger of equals, the merger was transacted as purchase of Nextel Communications by Sprint Corporation for tax reasons; Sprint purchased 50.1% of Nextel. At the time of the merger announcement, Sprint and Nextel were the third and fifth leading providers in the U.S. mobile phone industry, respectively.
Sprint shareholders approved the merger on July 13, 2005. The merger deal was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and U.S. Department of Justice on August 3, 2005. The FCC approved the merger on the condition that Sprint Nextel was to provide wireless service via the 2.5 GHz band within four years. Sprint Nextel was officially formed on August 12, 2005, when the deal was completed.
Sprint and Nextel both faced opposition to the merger, mostly from regional affiliates that provided wireless services on behalf of the companies. These regional affiliates felt that the new company would be violating non-compete agreements that the former companies had made with the affiliates.
On September 1, 2005, Sprint Nextel combined plan offerings of its Sprint and Nextel brands to bring more uniformity across the company's offerings.
Nextel has licensed its identity to NII Holdings, Inc., of which Sprint Nextel owned 18%. NII Has used the Nextel brand to set up networks in many Latin American countries. Following Sprint's purchase of Nextel, Nextel sold all of its investment in NII Holdings.
The integration process was difficult due to disparate network technologies. Sprint initially tried to address this with the advent of Powersource phones. These phones routed voice call and data services over Sprint's PCS spectrum, while maintaining DirectConnect services over 800 MHz spectrum. However, this was not sufficient in coverage, due to the inability to roam on non-PCS spectrum. Soon after the merger, top Nextel Executives began leaving the company immediately after the merger closed. Tim Donahue, Nextel CEO, stayed on as executive chairman, but ceded decision-making authority to Gary D. Forsee. Tom Kelly, COO of Nextel, took an interim staff position as Chief Strategy Officer. Two years after the merger, only a few key Nextel executives remained, with many former Nextel middle- and upper-level managers having left, citing reasons including unbridgeable cultural difference between the two companies.
Sprint's acquisition of Nextel ultimately was a disaster from a fiscal standpoint – in 2008, the company wrote down $29.7 billion of the $36 billion sum it had paid for Nextel in 2005, wiping out 80% of the value of Nextel at the time it had been acquired. The write down reflected the depreciation in Nextel's goodwill since the date of acquisition.
Affiliate acquisitions and settlements 
Prior to their merger, Sprint and Nextel were dependent on a network of affiliated companies. Following the announcement of the merger agreement, some of these affiliates came forward with a strong opposition to the Sprint-Nextel merger on the grounds that the merged company might violate existing agreements or significantly undercut earnings to these affiliates. In order for Sprint Nextel to allay some of this opposition, they initiated discussions of either acquiring some of these affiliates or renegotiating existing agreements. In several cases, the newly formed company was forced to acquire affiliated companies in exchange for their dropping their opposition to the merger. Foresee said that the company would likely have to acquire all of its remaining affiliates.
In 2005, Sprint Nextel acquired three of its ten wireless affiliates: US Unwired, acquired in August; Gulf Coast Wireless, acquired in October; and IWO Holdings, acquired in October. Alamosa PCS, which Sprint Nextel acquired on February 2, 2006, was the largest of its affiliate carriers. Other acquired affiliates include Ubiquitel, iPCS, Enterprise, and Northern. Of Sprint's original ten affiliates, only two, Shentel and Swiftel, now remain.
Below are companies which Sprint Nextel has agreed to acquire or has already acquired:
- August 12, 2005: Sprint acquires the Sprint PCS affiliate US Unwired for $1.3B, thus adding 500,000 additional direct customers to Sprint Nextel.
- August 30, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces its intention to acquire IWO Holdings, Inc., a mainly New England-based network affiliate for the Sprint PCS business. The acquisition closed on October 20, 2005.
- Sprint Nextel acquires Gulf Coast Wireless, adding an additional 95,000 customers, mainly in Louisiana and Mississippi, to Sprint Nextel's CDMA network. The acquisition closed on October 3, 2005.
- November 21, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces a $4.3B. acquisition agreement for Texas-based Sprint PCS affiliate Alamosa Holdings, potentially adding an additional 1.48 million customers to Sprint Nextel.
- December 16, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces a $98 million agreement to acquire Enterprise Communications of Columbus, Georgia, thus adding over 52,000 customers to the company's PCS Wireless division.
- December 16, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces acquisition of non-affiliate Velocita Wireless. The transaction enhances the iDEN network's 900 MHz spectrum position. On July 2, 2007, Velocita Wireless, which became an indirect subsidiary of Sprint Nextel, was acquired by United Wireless Holdings, Inc.
- December 21, 2005: Sprint Nextel Corporation and Nextel Partners, Inc reach an agreement for a $6.5 billion deal whereby the Sprint Nextel Corporation acquires the largest of Nextel's affiliates to end Nextel Partners' opposition to any changes by Sprint in relation to the Sprint-Nextel merger. Once completed, the Nextel Partners deal adds more than 2 million customers directly to the Sprint Nextel company.
- April 20, 2006: Sprint Nextel Corporation and Ubiquitel PCS Corporation reach an agreement whereby the Sprint Nextel Corporation acquires Ubiquitelpcs, an exclusive Sprint PCS provider.
- March 17, 2007: Sprint Nextel Corporation completes integration of Nextel Partners customers into the Sprint Nextel system. Nextel Partners' Las Vegas headquarters shuts down service, and all Nextel Partners customers are now handled through the new "Ensemble" billing system. All Nextel Partners customers are now officially Sprint Nextel customers and are entitled to the same promotions as all other Sprint Nextel iDEN customers.
- August 2, 2007: Sprint Nextel Corporation completes the acquisition of Northern PCS for $312.5 million including debt.
- July 28, 2009: Sprint Nextel announces a $483 million acquisition agreement for Virgin Mobile USA, adding an additional 5 million pre-paid customers to Sprint Nextel, although these subscribers were counted in Sprint's total subscriber count, as Virgin Mobile USA was an MVNO on Sprint's CDMA network.
- October 19, 2009: Sprint Nextel agrees to acquire iPCS, one of its last remaining affiliates.
- November 7, 2012: Sprint Nextel Announces a $480-million deal to purchase 20 MHZ of spectrum and 585,000 customers from US Cellular in Chicago, St. Louis, central Illinois and three other Midwest markets. The deal is expected to close in mid-2013.
Consolidation to Overland Park 
After the Sprint Nextel merger, the company maintained an executive headquarters in Reston, Virginia and operational headquarters in Overland Park, Kansas. Sprint C.E.O. Dan Hesse recognized that having two headquarters was not helping the merger effort, sent the wrong message to employees and contributed to the post-merger cultural clash. To resolve the problem, Hesse decided to consolidate all headquarters operations in the Sprint World Headquarters Campus located in Overland Park, Kansas, a suburb in the Kansas City metropolitan area.
Investment in Clearwire Corporation 
Sprint Nextel owns a 50.8% equity interest in Clearwire Corporation. On December 17, 2012, Sprint Nextel agreed to pay US$2.97 per share, US$2.2 billion in total, to purchase the portion of Clearwire Corporation shares that Sprint Nextel does not already own.
Proposed acquisition offers by SoftBank and Dish Network Corporations 
On October 14, 2012, the Japanese telecommunications company SoftBank announced it intends to purchase 70% of Sprint Nextel Corporation for $20.1 billion. SoftBank states that Sprint will remain a separate entity, will remain a CDMA carrier and will continue executing Sprint's plan to become an all-LTE carrier by 2017. The deal is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2013.
- Bid by DISH
On April 15, 2013, Dish Network announced a higher bid for Sprint Nextel Corp. than the current bid from SoftBank, with an $25.5 billion offer.
Wireline operations 
In 2006, Sprint Nextel exited the local landline telephone business, spinning those assets off into a newly created company named Embarq, which CenturyTel subsequently acquired in 2008 to form CenturyLink.
SprintLink is a global Tier 1 Internet service provider network, operating an OC-192 Internet backbone. Customers include large multinational corporations, retail and restaurant chains, Tier 2 and Tier 3 ISPs, and medium-to-small businesses. SprintLink has physical presence in the United States, Western Europe, East Asia, Australia, and India. The network wraps all the way around the world with buried fiber optics in the United States and Europe, and undersea fiber in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. SprintLink is responsible for cable maintenance and administration in the TAT-14 Consortium. Sprint is currently in the process of upgrading their SprintLink core to OC-768 lines to offer increased bandwidth.
Wireless operations 
As of December 2011[update], the Sprint wireless network serves more than 55 million customers.:37 Sprint Nextel derives additional revenue by offering wholesale access to its wireless networks.
Sprint brand 
Sprint Nextel markets post-paid wireless services primarily under the "Sprint" brand.:1
Prepaid Group brands 
The "Sprint Prepaid Group" is a division of Sprint Nextel formed in May 2010 that is responsible for the operations of Assurance Wireless, Boost Mobile and Virgin Mobile USA. The brands' products and services are sold via web and available at retailers nationwide including Best Buy, Radio Shack, Walmart, Target and other independent dealers.
Assurance Wireless 
Virgin Mobile USA, Inc. offers lifeline telephone service subsidized by the United States Federal Communications Commission's Universal Service Fund under the "Assurance Wireless Brought to You by Virgin Mobile" brand. The program offers a free wireless phone and 250 free local and domestic long distance voice minutes per month to eligible low-income customers in 31 states. End users do not receive a bill, are not required to sign a contract, and do not pay activation fees, recurring fees, or surcharges.
Boost Mobile 
Boost Worldwide, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sprint Nextel Corporation which provides nationwide, prepaid wireless voice, messaging and broadband data products and services to customers in the continental United States under the Boost Mobile brand. Boost Mobile provides its services as an MVNO hosted on the Sprint Nextel-owned iDEN, CDMA and LTE networks, and via the Clearwire co-owned WiMAX network.
Virgin Mobile 
Virgin Mobile USA, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sprint Nextel Corporation which provides nationwide, prepaid wireless voice, messaging and broadband data products and services to customers in the continental United States under the Virgin Mobile, payLo, and Assurance Wireless Brought to You by Virgin Mobile brands. Virgin Mobile USA operates as an MVNO that provides services to its customers via the Sprint Nextel-owned CDMA and LTE networks, and the Clearwire co-owned WiMAX network. Virgin Mobile USA targets younger consumers and currently serves approximately 6 million users.
Defunct brand 
Common Cents Mobile 
Sprint Nextel began offering pre-paid wireless products and services via wholly owned MVNO Common Cents Mobile on May 13, 2010. Sprint Nextel targeted Common Sense Mobile-branded products and services at budget conscious customers, charging $.07 per minute for voice calls with round-down timing and $.07 per text message. Common Cents Mobile-branded products and services were initially available through WalMart stores; Sprint Nextel had planned to expand the distribution of Common Cents Mobile to other outlets, but never did.
After analyzing their portfolio of pre-paid wireless brands, Sprint Nextel determined that Common Cents Mobile targeted the same basic, voice-service centric customers as the Virgin Mobile USA payLo brand. On May 18, 2011 Sprint Nextel discontinued operating its Common Cents Mobile pre-paid brand. Common Cents Mobile customers were transitioned to a Virgin Mobile USA payLo service plan that allowed the former Common Cents Mobile customers to keep their existing $.07 per minute rate.
Sprint Nextel provides services using both its own spectrum and network equipment and through affiliate agreements. Smaller affiliated companies operate their own network assets and retail operations but offer services to customers in their geographic region under the Sprint brand.
In the early stages of network build-out, Sprint relied significantly on network partners known as affiliates to rapidly expand its coverage. These affiliates would lease Sprint's PCS spectrum licenses in a specific geographic area, typically rural areas and smaller cities, and provide wireless service using the Sprint brand. Sprint provided back-end support such as billing and telephone-based customer service, while the affiliates built and maintained the network, sold equipment to customers, and staffed the retail stores in their specific regions. Sprint customers could "roam" across Sprint-operated and affiliate-operated portions of the network without being aware of the distinction, and vice-versa. Outwardly, efforts were made by the affiliates and Sprint to make it appear as if the network was operated by a single entity under the Sprint name, though complex revenue-sharing agreements were in place which were very similar in nature to cross-carrier roaming tariffs. In later years, the relationship between Sprint and its affiliates grew contentious, particularly after Sprint's acquisition of Nextel.
CDMA Affiliates: Swiftel Communications in Brookings, South Dakota; Shentel in northern Virginia, and parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia.
Sprint Rural Alliance 
Sprint Rural Alliance (SRA) members (aka Sprint Partners) are those carriers who use their own equipment and also sell their own service while using Sprint spectrum. Sprint is given access to the SRA network in return for allowing use of Sprint spectrum. This allows Sprint to keep the spectrum license for the geographic area being served by the SRA member.
SRA Members: Alaska DigiTel in Alaska; NTelos in West Virginia and western Virginia; NexTech Wireless in Kansas and portions of eastern Colorado.
Former SRA Members: Alltel Wireless in Montana. This portion of the network was obtained by AT&T during the merger of Alltel and Verizon Wireless. Pioneer Cellular in Kansas and Oklahoma ended their agreement with Sprint on March 1, 2012. They have since transitioned to an agreement with Verizon Wireless through the LTE in Rural America program.
Mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) 
Sprint Nextel also provides wholesales capacity on all its PCS/CDMA and LTE wireless networks to mobile virtual network operators, allowing other wireless carriers to utilize Sprint's Network. Sprint's prepaid brands operate on Sprint CDMA, LTE, WiMAX, and the iDEN (only Boost Mobile) networks; however, they are not an MVNO, but rather wholly owned prepaid divisions of Sprint Nextel.
Bring Your Own Sprint Device 
Sprint Nextel allows certain Sprint MVNOs to accept and activate old Sprint-branded phones through its "Bring Your Own Sprint Device" program which was established for Sprint's initiative to further reduce the number of cell phones that are thrown away each year. The program is also beneficial to MVNOs customers who do not want to pay subsidized prices.
Custom Branded Device Program 
Sprint Nextel offers its MVNOs a program called the "Custom Branded Device Program", which gives MVNOs access to completely unbranded Android smartphones with no references to Sprint, nor any Sprint branded apps and services; the MVNO can then customize with its own branded apps and services through Sprint Nextel's Mobile ID and Mobile Zone products. Though these phones are free of Sprint branding, they continue to be certified to run on Sprint networks.
Law compliance 
As required by law in the United States, in response to court orders and warrants, Sprint Nextel provided law enforcement agencies with its wireless subscribers' GPS locations over 8 million times in one year between September 2008 and October 2009. The disclosures occurred by way of a special, secure portal which Sprint developed specifically for government officials, which enabled users to automatically obtain Sprint customers' GPS locations after the request has been reviewed and activated by Sprint's surveillance department.
Data roaming agreements 
On May 9, 2006, Sprint Nextel and Alltel agreed on a new Nationwide Roaming partnership. The new roaming agreement is for voice and 1x & EV-DO data roaming coverage. This new partnership is different from the voice-only roaming agreement between Alltel & Verizon Wireless in that it is reciprocal, giving Alltel customers access to the Sprint 1x & EV-DO network, and Sprint customers access to Alltel's denser, rural 1x & EV-DO voice and data coverage. This agreement represents the first of its kind between U.S. wireless carriers. Although Alltel merged with Verizon Wireless in 2008, one of the conditions of the merger was that Verizon would honor all preexisting agreements between Alltel and other companies. The roaming reciprocity agreement between Alltel and Sprint is set to expire in 2016.
Sprint and Verizon Wireless have a reciprocal data roaming agreement that allows for the use of Sprint Power Vision content like TV, movie downloads, and stream radio in Verizon 1x coverage areas.
Sprint and US Cellular also have a 1xRTT data and voice roaming agreement.
Wireless networks 
Sprint Nextel operates wireless networks on multiple Sprint Nextel-owned frequency bands using multiple radio interfaces including iDEN, CDMA 1xRTT, CDMA Ev-DO Rev. A, CDMA 1xAdvanced and LTE. Additionally, Sprint-Nextel provides service to customers via automatic roaming agreements with competing wireless carriers and provides WiMAX data services via wholesale agreement with partner Clearwire.
|Radio frequency range||Network Owner||Generation||Radio Interface|
|800 MHz ESMR||Sprint Nextel Corporation||2G||iDEN|
|800 MHz ESMR||Sprint Nextel Corporation||3G||CDMA/1xRTT|
|800 MHz ESMR||Sprint Nextel Corporation||4G||LTE|
|1900 MHz PCS||Sprint Nextel Corporation||3G||CDMA/1xRTT|
|1900 MHz PCS||Sprint Nextel Corporation||3G||Ev-DO Rev.0&A|
|1900 MHz PCS||Sprint Nextel Corporation||4G||LTE|
|2500 MHz BRS||Clearwire Corporation||4G||WiMAX|
|2500 MHz BRS||Clearwire Corporation||4G||LTE|
Sprint operates a nationwide CDMA network in the 1900 MHz PCS band. In 2006, Sprint's EV-DO Power Vision network reached more than 190 million people. Sprint announced plans to continue upgrading their 3G EV-DO network until it reaches 260 million people in 2007. Sprint's EV-DO (Power Vision) data options include Sprint TV, Sprint Radio Stations (including specialized and local radio), Sprint Music Store, Sprint On-Demand, unlimited Web access, video and picture mail, wireless chat and games. It is currently[when?] offered in 43 states in the United States.
Sprint Nextel operates an iDEN nationwide network in the 800 MHz SMR frequency band. Sprint Corporation acquired the iDEN network as a result of its merger with Nextel Communications in 2005. The iDEN network was originally deployed as a dispatch radio service and is unique in blending the half-duplex push-to-talk one-to-many broadcast capability of a walkie talkie with the one-to-one private communication of a phone. Sprint later marketed "push-to-talk" services under the Nextel Direct Connect name.
In October 2010, as part of the "Network Vision" plan, Sprint CEO Dan Hesse announced the decommissioning the iDEN network to reduce costs, improve the coverage and performance the 3G CDMA network and enable Sprint Nextel to focus on 4G LTE technology. Sprint Nextel announced on May 29, 2012, that it will stop marketing iDEN devices in the third quarter of 2012 and that the iDEN network could be completely decommissioned as early as June 30, 2013. As of June 5, 2012, Sprint and Boost Mobile ceased offering iDEN devices, removing the devices and their associated service plans from the Sprint and Boost Mobile websites and retail locations.
Sprint Nextel announced on July 28, 2011, that it decided to end planned roll out of the 4G network using WiMAX technology in favor of more "superior" and internationally accepted 4G technology LTE. Sprint Nextel also had announced that it entered into a 15-year agreement that included spectrum hosting, network services, 4G wholesale and 3G roaming with LightSquared, the deal was later dissolved due to regulatory issues which LightSquared was unable to resolve with the FCC.
Sprint Nextel announced their initial LTE deployment plans at the Sprint Strategy Update conference on October 7, 2011. Network Vision-partner Samsung began LTE deployments on October 27, 2011 in Chicago, Illinois. Sprint projected that the LTE would cover 123 million people in 2012 and over 250 million people by the end of 2013. Sprint will initially deploy LTE in the 1900 MHz 'G' block and over time will add LTE to its 1900 MHz A-G blocks and to its 800 MHz ESMR band. Sprint will also attempt to leverage wholesale Clearwire LTE at the 2500 MHz band if a deal can be made.
On January 5, 2012, Sprint announced via Twitter its first 4G LTE markets, which included Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio; on June 27, 2012, Sprint stated that it will launch its new 4G LTE network in the first 5 pre-selected markets the following month and on July 15, 2012, Sprint Nextel commence operating the LTE network. In addition to the 5 markets originally announced, it launched in 10 additional markets, with more markets said to be covered by the end of the year.
Sprint Nextel currently does not have complete ownership of its 4G WiMAX network operated by Clearwire Corporation; Sprint and its various subsidiaries provide all WiMAX services via the Clearwire 2500 MHz WiMAX network under a wholesale services master agreement.
Sprint Nextel had originally won rights to radio spectrum in the 2.5 GHz band to provision fourth generation services and began to build out a WiMAX network, offering services under the Xohm brand. However, on May 7, 2008, Sprint Nextel announced it would merge its WiMAX wireless broadband unit with Clearwire Corporation, receiving equity in Clearwire in return. The two companies completed the transaction on November 28, 2008. Sprint is currently the majority owner of Clearwire equity, holding a 50.9% stake in the company.
On October 8, 2008, Sprint Nextel launched WiMAX in Baltimore and showed off several new laptops that will have embedded WiMAX chips. They announced that Sprint will be offering dual-mode 3G/'4G' products by the end of the year. Baltimore is the first city to get Xohm, but it is expected to launch soon in more cities, such as Chicago and Philadelphia.
On April 19, 2011, Sprint Nextel announced an agreement with Clearwire to pay at least $1 billion to use Clearwire's 4G WiMAX network through 2012. A later agreement announced in December 2011 specified the terms allowing Sprint and its subsidiaries to continue to have access to the Clearwire 4G WiMAX network through 2015.
Wireless products and services 
Subscriber equipment 
Sprint announced the first three devices capable of accessing its LTE network, including Galaxy Nexus and LG Viper 4G LTE on January 5, 2012. On April 4, 2012, Sprint announced the HTC EVO 4G LTE, Sprint's first LTE capable device under the EVO series. On April 12, 2012, Sprint made available pre-orders for the LG Viper 4G LTE which went out on sale April 22, 2012, which made it the first Sprint LTE capable phone available, although the LTE data connection wasn't schedule to be activated until the end of June. On April 22, 2012, Sprint officially released their first two LTE capable devices; Galaxy Nexus, and LG's Viper 4G LTE. On May 7, 2012, Sprint began taking pre-orders for the HTC EVO 4G LTE which it offers as their latest EVO flagship phone and hopes to replicate the success achieved by its predecessor, the original HTC EVO 4G. On September 21, 2012, Sprint began offering the LTE capable iPhone 5 to its customers for $199 with a 2 year commitment, pre-orders began September 14. Sprint continues to be the only U.S. carrier to offer the iPhone with nationwide unlimited data.
On March 23, 2010, Sprint and HTC announced at a CTIA trade show that they would be releasing the HTC EVO 4G, a WiMAX device and the first 4G phone in the United States. The phone was available June 4, 2010, ahead of competitors' planned releases for 4G phones.
On October 23, 2011, Sprint Nextel released the HTC EVO Design 4G, the last 4G phone using the WiMAX network.
Data plans 
Sprint's Vision data access starts at $15 a month for regular phones and PDA phones on the CDMA network ($10 on IDEN for regular phones). The most expensive data package was the "Phone as Modem" plan, which required a $40.00 data pro pack plus $15.00 for Phone as Modem, and allowed customers to tether their phone to a computer for use as a wireless modem. While at one point this attachable could be added to any price plan, it is currently restricted from all Everything Messaging, Everything Data, and Simply Everything price plans. Everything Data and Simply Everything include Unlimited Phone-Based Data in their plan price, whereas Everything Messaging covers data use for SMS/MMS use only. Unlike Verizon's EV-DO offering, Sprint's Power Vision content is available in areas without EV-DO coverage, albeit at the lower speeds of the 1xRTT network. CDMA 1x data speeds can reach 144 kbit/s, while EV-DO currently has bursts of up to 3.1 Mbit/s.
Sprint Direct Connect 
Due to the ongoing decommissioning of Sprint's iDEN network and the desire to continue to provide push-to-talk (PTT) services to its subscribers, Sprint is offering Sprint Direct Connect, a voice-over-IP system (VoIP) which uses the CDMA network. Customers can keep their old UFMI (Nextel Direct Connect number) or use their phone number as their SDC number. Various enhancements to the PTT services include easier tracking of groups and higher voice quality. A drawback to the system is the inability to work seamlessly with all of the international locations reachable by the iDEN push-to-talk service, though international capabilities do exist.
Sprint As You Go 
Sprint began offering prepaid wireless services under the Sprint As You Go brand on January 25, 2013. Sprint As You Go plans and products are available exclusively at Sprint stores and Sprint authorized distributors; Sprint As You Go compatible products and services can not be purchased online. Two monthly plans are available: a $50 feature phone plan and $70 smartphone plan. Both plans include unlimited nationwide calling, messaging and data. Unlike plans offered by Virgin Mobile USA and Boost Mobile, the Sprint As You Go plans do not cap data download quantities or throttle download speeds. Unlike Sprint post-paid plans, Sprint As You Go plans do not offer premium features like WiFi tethering or Sprint Navigation.
Broadband for the home via Sprint Mobile 
In order to offer broadband directly to the home, Sprint launched a co-branded Broadband Wireless Access Point device along with Linksys, a unit of Cisco Systems. This unit allows Sprint customers to set up a special[clarification needed] in a home or office computer network, connecting multiple computers or laptops wirelessly to Sprint's PowerVision network. This broadband service to the Internet will allow some customers to have broadband without paying for telephone service. The PowerVision router may allow one to bypass the local telephone and cable broadband service providers. Such Broadband offerings to the home or office without cable or DSL means the router could be used to provide cheaper VoIP services through Sprint's High Speed network.
Digital Lounge 
Sprint now has a Digital Lounge area on the website which gives users access to a variety of products and information. In the Lounge, Sprint users can buy phone accessories, including ringers, call tones, games, screen savers, and full-length music downloads. The online content manager shows the what items the subscriber has purchased for the phone. Guests visiting the Sprint Digital Lounge can see what items are available for purchase and compatible with a particular phone.
Sprint Music Store 
On October 31, 2005, the Sprint Music Store officially launched. Initial record-label participation included EMI Music, Sony BMG Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group, and Universal Music Group. On November 1, 2006, after one year of service, the Sprint music store had sold more than 8 million songs, partly thanks to the five free songs it offered customers at launch. On April 1, 2007, the Sprint Music Store started offering music downloads at the price of 99 cents per track to customers who agreed to subscribe to a Vision pack of $15 or higher. Sprint Music Store is currently[when?] available for all Android 3G and 4G phones, as well as for the BlackBerry Style 9670 phones, and was launched as the Sprint Music Plus service in 2011, powered by RealNetworks. It offers full track music files from various labels (albums and single tracks), ringback tones, and ringtones. An icon on BlackBerry phones for Sprint Music Store directs users to a page describing that Sprint will release a version of Sprint Music Store soon. In 2011, the Sprint Music Store became available for the BlackBerry Bold 9650.
Partnership with Sun Microsystems 
While many CDMA carriers like Verizon Wireless and Alltel have chosen to use the BREW interface on their phones, Sprint has opted to use the more widespread Java interface for their phone's application support. This allows for the use of Third-Party software applications.
Google Play 
On September 17, 2007, Sprint Nextel launched the Airave, which increased cell reception over an area of 5,000 square feet (460 m2) and could handle up to three calls at once by hooking into an existing broadband connection and using VOIP. The Airave helped eliminate poor signal quality inside buildings. Airave was used only for voice calls using a Sprint CDMA phone and was unavailable for Nextel iDEN phones or data cards/USB modems. By default, the Airave unit allowed any Sprint phone to connect through it, but it could be reconfigured to accept only connections from up to 50 authorized numbers in order to eliminate unwanted use.
Sprint announced on April 5, 2011, that it had won more Atlantic-ACM Global Wholesale and U.S. Wholesale awards in 2011 than any other telecommunications carrier. The company cited global wins in Brand and Voice Value, and domestic wins in Brand, Provisioning, Network and Customer Service.
Sprint Nextel was awarded the Ability Best Practice Award in 2011 "for its innovative implementation of Video Relay Service (VRS) and for its spirit of inclusion, both in the workplace and in the consumer marketplace."
Sprint Nextel was the official wireless sponsor of the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards. Sprint Power Vision customers were able to watch the VMAs on a live simulcast on their Sprint Power Vision handset free of charge.
Sprint cellphones were used from a product positioning point from movies such as Baby Mama, The Departed, 27 Dresses, Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel, Beverly Hills Chihuahua, Bride Wars, Dan in Real Life, Eagle Eye, Spiderwick Chronicles, Superbad, Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, and Wild Hogs.
Sprint is a major sponsor of competition reality shows, such as Big Brother and Survivor on CBS, enabling viewers to vote each week for "Player of the Game". Viewers can text a vote for their selected contestant, and a randomly selected participant who votes for the most popular player wins a cash prize.
Sprint is the mobile sponsor of NBC's The Voice.
Sprint Nextel is the major title sponsor of NASCAR’s top racing series, formerly called the NEXTEL Cup, which became known as the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series on January 1, 2008. Since then, Sprint signed a contract extension with NASCAR to continue sponsoring the series through the 2016 season.
In Time Magazine's November 13 issue, Sprint Nextel's NASCAR FanView was named One of Best Inventions of 2006. The NASCAR FanView is a portable PDA that runs on Sprint's data network. The device offers fans access to "Race telecast and up to seven in-car camera channels, direct audio feeds allowing the user to listen to live driver and team conversations, as well as the radio broadcast and an exclusive audio-replay feature."
Sprint Nextel announced in December 2011 that it reached a multi-year exclusive partnership with the National Basketball Association (NBA) to be the league's official wireless service partner.
Celebrity spokespersons 
From October 1990 to September 1998, actress Candice Bergen served as spokesperson for Sprint Corporation's long distance service, most notably during their "10-cents-a-minute" promotion in which she was colloquially referred by portrayed 'customers' as "The Dime Lady," usually in heavily New York/New Jersey-accented English.
From 1999 until 2002, Sela Ward succeeded Candice Bergen when emphasis on long-distance service was discontinued.
Over a six-year period until the Sprint-Nextel merger in 2005, spokesperson Brian Baker, an actor, appeared as trenchcoated character "The Sprint Guy" in 155 spots.
On October 21, 2006 Sprint Nextel announced that, as part of their new "Power Up" campaign, they would use actor Ron Livingston as a "[s]traightforward, relatable guy who finds unconventional ways to talk about Sprint's wireless services."
In 2007, Stacy London, fashion consultant and co-host of What Not to Wear, partnered with Sprint to launch their "My Mobile Style" website, which aimed to help people choose a cell phone based on their personal style. She is quoted as saying "I partnered with Sprint on this project because Sprint understands that your mobile phone is a major reflection of who you are."
Since 2007, Sprint has not used a spokesperson in its ads, opting instead for voiceover announcers, or in the case of the "Simply Everything" series of commercials, current chief executive Dan Hesse.
See also 
- "Milestone Events Making Sprint History: 1899 - 1989". Sprint. Sprint Nextel. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-12-01. Retrieved 2012-12-01. "...Sprint's founder Cleyson Brown showed in 1899, when the Brown Telephone Company successfully went toe-to-toe with the Bell monopoly in Abilene, Kansas."
- "Form 10-K Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2011 Commission File Number 1-04721 Sprint Nextel Corporation". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 27, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "Form 10-K Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2010 Commission File Number 1-04721 Sprint Nextel Corporation". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 24, 2011. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- Block, Melissa; Neff, Brijet (2012-10-15). "Sprint Born From Railroad, Telephone Businesses". NPR. NPR. Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-01-14. "It all began in Kansas in the late 19th century and came to include a long distance system created by the Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Network Telecommunications, or SPRINT."
- Malik, Om (February 28, 2008). "Sprint Writes Down Nextel, Posts $29.5 Billion Loss". Gigaom. p. 1. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- Harrison, Crayton (February 28, 2008). "Sprint Posts $29.5 Billion Loss on Nextel Writedown". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- "Sprint to Acquire Wireless Affiliate US Unwired for $1.3B". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel Completes Acquisition of Wireless Affiliate Alamosa Holdings on February 1, 2006". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel Acquires Enterprise Communications on January 31, 2006". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel Completes Acquisition of Velocita Wireless on February 28, 2006". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- United Wireless Acquires Velocita Wireless, L.P.
- "Sprint Nextel Completes Acquisition of Nextel Partners on June 26, 2006". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel Completes Acquisition of Ubiquitel on July 7, 2006". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel Concludes Acquisition of Affiliate Northern PCS". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint Nextel To Acquire Virgin Mobile USA". Newsreleases.sprint.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Reisinger, Dan (2012-11-07). "Sprint Inks $480 Million Deal for U.S. Cellular Customers, Spectrum". Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- Cauley, Leslie (February 10, 2008). "Sprint CEO Aims for Winning Strategy". USA Today (Gannett Co.). Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- Clearwire Corporation (February 16, 2012). "Form 10-K Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2011 Commission File Number 001-34196 Clearwire Corporation". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- De La Merced, Michael J. (2012-12-17). "Sprint Reaches Deal to Buy Out Clearwire". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Deal Book. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Archived from the original on 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2012-12-17. "Sprint announced on Monday that it had reached an agreement to buy the nearly 50 percent stake in Clearwire that it did not already own for $2.97 a share..."
- "Softbank to Buy 70 Percent Stake in Sprint: Sources". CNBC. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Segan, Sascha (15 October 2012). "What Softbank Buying Sprint Means to You". PCMag.com. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
- "Sprint Nextel Corporation". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- Paula Bernier (July 15, 2008). "Sprint Moves to 40G with Cisco's IPoDWDM Solution". Xchangemag.com. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Assurance Wireless: Cell Phone Program FAQs
- "Coverage Map - Cell Phone Coverage from Virgin Mobile". Virgin Mobile USA. January 1, 1990. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- Ziegler, Chris (2010-05-13). "Common Cents Mobile becomes Sprint's Latest Prepaid Brand, Exclusive to Walmart". Engadget. AOL. Archived from the original on 2012-12-23. Retrieved 2012-12-23. "That new prepaid business for the anti-power user crowd that Sprint was fixing to launch? Yeah, it's here and it's official: meet Common Cents Mobile."
- Dano, Mike (2011-04-08). "Sprint Discontinues Common Cents Mobile Prepaid Brand". FierceWireless. FierceMarkets. Archived from the original on 2012-12-22. Retrieved 2012-12-22. "Sprint Nextel (NYSE: S) said it will fold its Common Cents Mobile prepaid brand into its Virgin Mobile payLo offering in May, a move that brings to an end a brand Sprint launched less than a year ago."
- "Common Cents Mobile". Common Cents Mobile. Common Cents Mobile. 2011-07-08. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-07-08. "As of May 18, 2011, Common Cents Mobile has officially become payLo by Virgin Mobile."
- "Sprint Nextel Folds New Common Cents Brand into Virgin Mobile Product". Kansas City Business Journal (American City Business Journals). 2011-04-08. Archived from the original on 2012-12-22. Retrieved 2012-12-22. "Sprint Nextel Corp. is rolling its fledgling Common Cents Mobile brand into its payLo by Virgin Mobile offering. The official change is set for May 18, Sprint (NYSE: S) spokeswoman Melinda Tiemeyer said Friday."
- Swiftel Communication – Brookings, Watertown and Sioux Falls, SD
- "Surveillance Shocker: Sprint Received 8 MILLION Law Enforcement Requests for GPS Data in the Past Year". Eff.org. December 1, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint News Release". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Alltel news Release[dead link]
- "Sprint U Can Get Their Data Served Verizon-style?". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Seals, Tara (January 19, 2006). "Sprint To Launch 4G in 2008, Integrated Cable Services This Year". Xchangemag.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Marek, Sue (October 27, 2011). "Samsung Expects to Double Global LTE Market Share by 2013". FierceBroadbandWireless. FierceMarkets. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Sprint Converts Its Network to LTE, Plans 'Aggressive Rollout' To Be Completed by 2013". Engadget. AOL. October 7, 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- http://newsroom.sprint.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=2520 Virgin Mobile USA 4G LTE
- http://newsroom.sprint.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=2563&view_id=3515. Missing or empty
- Clearwire Completes Landmark Transaction with Sprint Nextel to Combine 4G Mobile WiMAX Businesses
- Reardon, Marguerite (October 8, 2008). "With WiMax, Sprint Cuts the Cord in Baltimore". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "HTC EVO 4G is Sprint's Android-powered Knight in Superphone Armor, We Go Hands-on". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Santos, Alexis (2013-01-04). "Sprint Confirms Pay-As-You-Go Service, Promises Not To Throttle Speeds or Cap Data".
- "Sprint As You Go".
- Linksys.com/Splash/Sprint/Share "Linksys Is Now Available on Our Cisco Home Networking Website". linksys.com. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "DigitalLounge". Sprint Nextel. November 16, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Nation's First Over-the-Air Song Download Service Celebrates One-Year Anniversary". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint's Java Developer Program news release". Netbeans.org. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Sprint's Application Developer Home Page". Developer.sprint.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Chris Parsons (2012). "Sprint customers in the US can now pay for all Google Play Store purchases using carrier billing". Android Central. Chris Parsons. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "Samsung's AIRAVE Femtocell for Sprint | Mobile Phones – PhoneHint". Mobilecomment.com. Retrieved March 16, 2010.[dead link]
- "Sprint Wins More ATLANTIC-ACM Awards than Any US Carrier". Business Wire. April 5, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Ability Magazine: Ability Best Practice Award - Sprint (2011)". Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- "NASCAR's Premier Series To Be Named NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Beginning, July 7, 2007". Sprint Nextel. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Caraviello, David (December 3, 2011). "Sprint extends deal with NASCAR through 2016". NASCAR. Turner Sports. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- NASCAR NEXTEL FanView Named One of the Best Inventions 2006 by TIME Magazine, Sprint press release, November 9, 2006
- "Fashion Expert Stacy London Makes Over Mobile". Retrieved March 27, 2009.