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Spritzer is derived from the variant of the German language spoken in Austria, where the drink is very popular. It is used alongside the equally common form Gespritzter (mostly pronounced G'spritzter, a noun derived from the past participle of spritzen, i.e. squirt), a term also found in some German regions, such as Hessen (e.g. Süssgespritzter, i.e. a "sweet spritzer" using fizzy lemonade instead of soda water ("Sauergespritzter"). In most of Germany, the word "Schorle" is used to denote a Spritzer.
The word comes from the German spritzen "spatter, squirt, spray, sprinkle", i.e. adding water and thus diluting the wine so that it can be consumed in larger, thirst-quenching amounts.
Alcoholic spritzers are increasingly available ready-mixed in cans; their relatively low alcohol and calorific content mean they are often marketed at women.
In Hessen, "gespritzt" usually refers to a mixture of soda water or lemonade and Apfelwein (in Central Hessian dialect, Ebblwoi), an alcoholic drink from fermented apple juice somewhat similar to dry hard cider.
In Hungary spritzer is called 'fröccs' (pronounced simillar like the surname of famous british boxer Carl Froch) and is very popular. There are dozens of different types of spritzer. They are distinguished by the proportion of wine and carbonated water or the type of other liquids added. Újházy fröcss for example is made of using the juice of a special pickle called leavened cucumber. Macifröccs ('Teddy bear spritzer') is a spritzer made with red wine, soda and raspberry syrup. Naming of several types refers to social class: while landlord spritzer ('háziúr') is made with 4dl of wine and 1dl of soda, horse prick spritzer ('lófasz fröccs') is made with only 0.5dl of wine and 4.5dl of carbonated water.
Other variations include: şpriţ de vară (or "summer spritzer") in Romania (1 part white wine to 2 parts sparkling water), Spritzer in Slovenia (wine and the popular domestic mineral water Radenska), "špricer" in Serbia (white wine or rosé, mixed with sparkling water, half of glass of each). In Croatia, a popular drink called gemišt is mixed with white wine and sparkling water to taste.
In north-eastern regions of Italy, especially Venice and surroundings, a spritz is a popular light cocktail, a mix of sparkling white wine (e.g., Prosecco), sparkling water, and Aperol, Bitter Campari, or other colored alcohols.
In the United States, some non-alcoholic carbonated juices are sold as spritzers. The same type of carbonated juice (actually made with juice and carbonated mineral water) is known in Germany as Saftschorle or Fruchtschorle. (Both short for rarely used Fruchtsaftschorle.) Particularly Apfelschorle (apple juice spritzer) is one of the most popular soft drinks in Germany. In Austria Apfelschorle is called Apfelsaft g'spritzt. ... g'spritzt can be combined with every juice, e.g. Orangensaft g'spritzt or Pago/Cappy g'spritzt (producers of juices).
- CJ and PK (2013-05-23). "Sediment: A spritzer in a can – like fish in a barrel?". Sedimentblog.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Media related to Spritzer at Wikimedia Commons