Sprotbrough and Cusworth
|Sprotbrough and Cusworth|
Sprotbrough Lock at Sprotbrough Flash
Sprotbrough and Cusworth shown within South Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Sprotbrough and Cusworth|
|Metropolitan county||South Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Doncaster North|
Sprotbrough and Cusworth is a civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England. It lies 3 miles (4.8 km) to the north west of Doncaster town centre and is split by the A1(M) motorway. It lies 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Scawsby, and has a population of 12,166.
Origins and history
The name Sprotbrough originates from the Old English sprote ('shoot', 'twig') and burh ('fortification'), as suggested by the Domesday Book entry Sproteburg; the name may reflect the hasty manner in which the fortification was constructed and / or may be a reference to the building material used.
The early parish contained six settlements:
- Sprotbrough (Sproteburg)
- Cadeby (Catebi)
- Wildthorpe (Widentorp)
- Cusworth (Cuzenworde)
- Skinthorpe (Scinestorp)
- Newton, first mentioned in 1379 when it was called New Farmstead
The area, and almost all of the land around it, was owned by the FitzWilliam family for many years. Sir John Fitzwilliam erected a cross next to the church during the reign of Henry V of England. Into the cross were carved these lines: "Whoso is hungry and lists to eat, Let him come to Sprotburgh for his meat, And for a night and for a day, His horse shall have both corne and hay, And no man shall ask him when he goeth away."
There are also a number of statues and memorials to the Fitzwilliams and Copleys in the Church of St Mary the Virgin.
Part of the village was built on the site of Sprotbrough Hall, a large home built for the Copley family in 1670. The Copley family had married a FitzWilliam heiress and inherited the extensive holdings of the FitzWilliam lords of Sprotborough (older spelling). The family lost three sons in the First World War and the Hall was demolished in the 1920s. Doncaster archives hold a copy of the catalogue of the house contents. Little evidence of the Hall remains except the old 18th century stable yard, now apartments, and some of the street names. The wrought iron gate opposite the village shop is from the old "Lady's Walk" which was part of the gardens. This has been resited to its present position. Looking up from the towpath by the river, the old balustraded viewing area which was directly in front of the old hall can still be seen. Copley Junior School in Sprotbrough village is named after the Copley family.
The Second World War hero Sir Douglas Bader grew up at the parsonage in the village when his father was Rector of St Mary's. The Old Rectory previously a guest house, bears a plaque commemorating Bader's residence. Sir Walter Scott set Ivanhoe in and around the village, which is remembered in the name of the village's pub and a small housing estate off Sprotbrough Road.
Cusworth Hall, which overlooks the parish to the north, was built by William Wrightson between 1740 and 1755 and was the home of the Battie-Wrightson family until 1952. It is now owned by the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster and houses the Museum of South Yorkshire Life. To the South East of the Hall is Richmond Hill.
The eastern part of Sprotbrough, from where Sprotbrough Road meets York Road, (the A638) to the bridge over the A1(M) is colloquially known as Town End or sometimes, in a derogatory manner, Bottom Sprotbrough or Upper Bentley. It was developed from farm land in around 1926 and was part of Bentley with Arksey Urban District until the formation of the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster under the Local Government Act 1972. The church of St Edmund on Anchorage Lane was built in a converted barn on the former farm land when the area was being developed. Close to the church is the scout hut and Area51 Skate and BMX park, the most popular skatepark in the Doncaster Borough, which is currently looking to extend its facilities.
Town End was formerly the home of Fowlers forge, which among other things provided parts for tanks and other military vehicles. The works closed in the early 1980s and the site is occupied by a housing estate whose roads bear the names of some of the machines that were built there.
From this town of Sprotborough the surname Spreadborough was formed.
Local government and amenities
Sprotbrough and Cusworth Parish Council meets at the Goldsmith Centre on Sprotbrough Road.
A key focal point of Sprotbrough is St Mary's Church, founded in 1176, with a clock tower that has commanding views of the Don Valley.
Schools in the parish include Copley Junior School, Orchard Infant School, Saltersgate Junior and Infants Schools, and Richmond Hill Primary School. The nearest secondary schools are Ridgewood School in Scawsby, Don Valley Academy, Outwood Academy Adwick (formerly Adwick School) and Campsmount Technology College in Campsall.
Public transport is available in both Sprotbrough and Cusworth. Sprotbrough is served by buses 219 and 49 which are operated by Stagecoach Yorkshire and First South Yorkshire respectively, running through Sprotbrough approximately every 15 minutes. Cusworth is served by Stagecoach service 42 and the 41 service operated by First, combining to provide a regular service through Cusworth.
The village is on the River Don and a weir which is bypassed by Sprotbrough Lock, allowing boats to pass safely. It is close to the A1(M) bridge over the Don. The Trans Pennine Trail follows the river at this point.
Extending to the south-west the River Don flows through Sprotbrough Gorge a site of special scientific interest (SSSI). The gorge is an important site for rare plants, invertebrates and breeding site for birds. Overall the SSSI covers 76.9 hectares (190.1 acres) and was notified in 1988.
Cadeby has one public house:
- The Cadeby Inn - in the centre of the village
- The Mallard - off Cusworth Lane
- The Roman Ridge - just off Barnsley Road
- The Sun - at the Barnsley Road/York Road junction
- The Scawsby Mill - on Barnsley Road near Scawsby Lane
- York Bar Working Mens Club - on York Road near Cusworth Lane
- The Boat Inn - a gastro-pub situated on Nursery Lane by the river
- The Ivanhoe - a medium-sized pub adjoining a cricket pitch
- The Newton Inn - situated on Sprotbrough Road
- Sprotbrough Country Club - a private members' club in the village area of Sprotbrough
- Three Horse Shoes - on banks of river Don. Traditional British pub
Sprotbrough has three parks, Anchorage Lane, Sprotbrough Road and New Lane (village). The 'village' (the western part of the parish) has a park which has recently been doubled in size consisting of a football pitch and a children's play area. In June each year, it hosts a gala organised by the local Scout group. The main event in this is the 6.5 km fun run starting and finishing in the park and going through High Melton and Cadeby.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Doncaster Retrieved 27 August 2009
- Open Domesday Map: Sprotbrough
- http://opendomesday.org/place/SE5101/wildthorpe/ Open Domesday Map: Wildthorpe
- Joseph Smith Fletcher, Wal Paget, Frank Southgate, A Book about Yorkshire, The McClure Company, New York, 1908
- Copley of Sprotborough, Rotherhamweb.so.uk
- Thorne Crowle and Goole Moors Natural England. Retrieved 15 February 2009
Media related to Sprotbrough and Cusworth at Wikimedia Commons