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Square Butte is the designation of a high voltage direct current transmission line in the USA between the Milton R. Young Power Plant near Center, North Dakota at and the Arrowhead converter station near Adolph (a neighborhood of the city of Hermantown near the city of Duluth, Minnesota) at . It was built by Minnkota Power Cooperative and Minnesota Power and went in service in 1977. Recently, an agreement was executed between the two companies whereby Minnkota gets the rights to all the power currently transmitted over the line (and will build a new line to carry said power later) while Minnesota Power takes full ownership of the line to transmit power from new sources in the Center area.
Square Butte can transfer up to 500 megawatts at a symmetrical voltage of 250 kV. The whole line is implemented as overhead line on aluminum towers, with a single conductor per pole, with a length of 449 miles (749 kilometers). The line crosses the Missouri River north of Price between and in a 718 metres long span. As is the case for modern HVDC-systems thyristor static inverters are used.
Crossing another HVDC line
The electrode line starting at Adolph Static Inverter Plant is installed on portal pylons of the three phase AC-powerline from Adolph Static Inverter Plant to Marble Substation. It ends at. The electrode line, which begins at the converter station near Milton R. Young Power Plant is implemented as underground cable, consisting of 2 parallel underground 35 kV cables consisting of Aluminium. Each cables has a cross section of 380 mm2.
- ABB (2005). Upgrade of control system for CU and Square Butte HVDC projects. Retrieved March 27, 2005.